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第十八套:英语四级预测模拟题及下载

2019-06-06 11:03 来源:文都网校 阅读()

  2019年上半年英语四级考试时间还有两周,要开始做四级模拟题了,这部分尤其重要,考生备考阶段都需要做几套预测模拟题,练练考试感觉,另外,英语四级模拟题下载可以到文都网校四六级频道。

  英语四级预测模拟题及下载

  PartⅠ Writing (答题时间30分钟)

  Directions: For this part, you are allowed 30minutes to write a composition on the topicExtravagant Spending on College Campus. Youshould write at least 120 words, and base yourcomposition on the outline below:

  1)很多大学生每月的花销越来越高,根本没有节俭的概念,

  2)分析产生这一现象的原因,

  3)我的看法。

  PartⅡ listening comprehension

  Section A (three news reports)略

  Section B (two long conversations)略

  Section C (three passages)略

  PartⅢ reading comprehension(答题时间共40分钟)

  Section A

  It seems you always forget-your reading glasses when you are rushing to work, your coat when you are going to the cleaners, your credit card when you are shopping...

  Such absent-mindedness may be __1__ to you; now British and German scientists are developing memory glasses that record everything the __2__ sees.

  The glasses can play back memories later to help the wearer remember things they have forgotten such as where they left their keys. And the glasses also __3__ the user to "label" items so that information can be used later on. The wearer could walk around an office or a factory identifying certain __4__ by pointing at them. Objects indicated are then given a __5__ label on a screen inside the glasses that the user then fills in.

  It could be used in __6__ plants by mechanics looking to identify machine parts or by electricians wiring a __7__ device.

  A spokesman for the project said: "A car mechanic for __8__ could find at a glance where a part on a certain car model is so that it can be identified and repaired. For the motorist the system could __9__ accident black spots or dangers on the road."

  In other cases the glasses could be worn by people going on a guided tour, __10__ points of interest or by people looking at panoramas where all the sites could be identified.

  [A] allow

  [B] instance

  [C] blank

  [D] industrial

  [E] frustrating

  [F] items

  [G] indicating

  [H] highlight

  [I] user

  [J] complicated

  [K] white

  [L] annoying

  [M] successful

  [N] articles

  [O] simple

  Section B

  Directions:In this section,you are going to read a passage with ten statements attached to it.Each smtement contains information given in one of the paragraphs.1ndentify the paragraph from which the information is derived.You may choose a paragraph more than once.Each paragraph is marked with a letter.Answer the questions by marking the corresponding letter on Answer Sheet 2.

  The Art of Friendship

  A) One evening a few years ago I found myself in an anxiety. Nothing was really wrong my family and I were healthy, my career was busy and successful -- I was just feeling vaguely down and in need of a friend who could raise my spirits, someone who would meet me for coffee and let merant until the clouds lifted. I dialed my best friend, who now lives across the country in California, and got her voicemail. That's when it started to dawn on me -- lonesomeness was at the root of my dreariness. My social life had dwindled to almost nothing, but somehow until that moment I'd been too busy to notice. Now it hit me hard. My old friends, buddies since college or even childhood, know everything about me; when they left, they had taken my context with them.

  B) Research has shown the long-range negative consequences of social isolation on one's health. But my concerns were more short-term. I needed to feel understood right then in the way that only a girlfriend can understand you. I knew it would be wrong to expect my husband to replace my friends: He couldn't, and even if he could, to whom would I then complain about my husband? So I resolved to acquire new friends -- women like me who had kids and enjoyed rolling their eyes at the worlda little bit just as I did. Since I'd be making friends with more intention than I'd ever given the process, I realized I could be selective, that I could in effect design my own social life. The down side, of course, was that I felt pretty frightened.

  C) After all, it's a whole lot harder to make friends in midlife that it is when yon're younger -- a fact woman I've spoken with point out again and again. As Leslie Danzig, 41, a Chicago theater director and mother, sees it, when you're in your teens and 20s, you're more or less friends with everyone unless there's a reason not to be. Your college roommate becomes your best pal at least partly due to proximity. Now there needs to be a reason to be friends. "There are many people I'm comfort-able around, but I wouldn't go so far as to call them friends. Comfort isn't enough to sustain a real friendship," Danzig says.

  D) At first, finding new companions felt awkward. At 40 I couldn't run up to people the way my4-year-old daughters do in the playground and ask, "Will you be my friend? Every time you start anew relationship, you're vulnerable again," agrees Kathleen Hall, D Min, founder and CEO of the Stress Institute, in Atlanta. "You're asking, 'Would you like to come into my life?' It makes us self-conscious."

  E) Fortunately, my discomfort soon passed. I realized that as a mature friend seeker my vulnerability risk was actually pretty low. If someone didn't take me up on my offer, so what: I wasn't in junior high, when I might have been rejected for having the wrong clothes or hair. At my age I have amassed enough self-esteem to realize that I have plenty to offer.

  F) We're all so busy, in fact, that mutual interests -- say, in a project, class, or cause that we already make time for -- become the perfect catalysts for bringing us in contact with candidates for camaraderie. Michelle Mertes, 35, a teacher and mother of two in Wausau, Wisconsin, says anew friend she made at church came as a pleasant surprise. "In high school I chose friends based on their popular-ity and how being part of their circle might reflect on me. Now's it's our shared values and activities that count." Mertes says her pal, with whom she organized the church's youth programs, is nothing like her but their drive and organizational skills make them ideal friends.

  G) Happily, as awkward as making new friends can be, self-esteem issues do not factor in -- or if they do, you can easily put them into perspective. Danzig tells of the mother of a child in her son's pre-school, a tall, beautiful woman who is married to a big-deal rock musician. "I said to my husband, she's too cool for me,'" she jokes. "I get intimidated by people. But once I got to know her, she turned out to be pretty laid-back and friendly." In the end there was no chemistry between them, so they didn't become good pals. "I realized that we weren't each other's type, but it wasn't about hierarchy." What midlife friendship is about, it seems, is reflecting the person you've become (or are still becoming) back at yourself, thus reinforcing the progress you've made in your life.

  H) Harlene Katzman, 41, a lawyer in New York City, notes that her oldest friends knew her back when she was less sure of herself. As much as she loves them, she believes they sometimes respond to is-sues in light of who she once was. An old chum has the goods on you. With recently made friends, you can turn over a new leaf.

  I) A new friend, chosen right, can also help you point your boat in the direction you want to go. Hanna Dershowitz, 39, an attorney and mother in Los Angeles, found that a new acquaintance from workwas exactly what she needed in a friend. In addition to liking and respecting Julia, Dershowitz had a feeling that the fit and athletic younger woman would help her to get in shape.

  J) While you're busy making new friends, remember that you still need to nurture your old ones. We asked Marla Paul, author of The Friendship Crisis: Finding, Making, and Keeping Friends When You "re Not a Kid Anymore, for the best ways to maintain these important relationships. Keep in touch. Your friends should be a priority; schedule regular lunch dates or coffee catch-up sessions, no matter how busy you are. Know her business. Keep track of important events in a friend's life and show your support. Call or e-mail to let her know you're thinking of her. Speak your mind. Tell a friend (politely) if something she did really upset you. If you can't be totally honest, then you need to reexamine the relationship. Accept her flaws. No one is perfect, so work around her quirks --she's chronically late, or she's a bit negative -- to cut down on frustration and fights. Boost her ego. Heartfelt compliments make everyone feel great, so tell her how much you love her new sweater or what a great job she did on a work project.

  46. Leslie Danzig thought making friends at one's middle age needed some reasons.

  47. A well-chosen new friend can help you go in the direction that you like.

  48. A few years ago the author felt lonely and depressed when she phoned her best friend in another city who was much wanted then but unavailable.

  49. According to Kathleen Hall, one might feel sensitive in the first curse of making new friends.

  50. Midlife friendship can help you realize your direction of life and reinforce the progress you've made in your life.

  51. In Mafia Paul's book, to be a better friend, you should keep track with your fiiends, care for your friend's job, express yourself, accept her flaws and compliment your friend for her/his good dressing and job.

  52. For the author, a girl friend might be the right person to under "stand her and erase her negative feeling.

  53. According to Michelle Metes, midlife friendship is based on the shared values and activities

  54. As a mature friend seeker, the author finds herself with enough confidence to offer and take rejection with grace.

  55. With newly made friends, you can have a chance to take on a new look in your life.

  Section C

  Passage One

  Directions: There are 2 passages in this section. Each passage is followed by some questions orunfinished statements. For each of them there are four choices marked A, B, C andD . You should decide on the best choice and mark the corresponding letter on AnswerSheet 2 with a single line through the centre.

  It is simple enough to say that since books have classes fiction, biography, poetry—we should separate them and take from each what it is right that each should give us. Yet few people ask from books what books can give us. Most commonly we come to books with blurred and divided minds, asking of fiction that it shall be true, of poetry that it shall be false, of biography that it shall be flattering, of history that it shall enforce our own prejudices. If we could banish all such preconception when we read, that would be an admirable beginning. Do not dictate to your author; try to become him. Be his fellow worker and accomplice(同谋). If you hang back, and reserve and criticize at first, you are preventing yourself from getting the fullest possible value from what you read. But if you open your mind as widely as possible, then signs and hints of almost imperceptible finess(委婉之处), from the twist and turn of the first sentences, will bring you into the presence of a human being unlike any other. Steep yourself in this, acquaint yourself with this, and soon you will find that your author is giving you, or attempting to give you, something far more definite. The thirty two chapters of anovel—if we consider how to read a novel first—are an attempt to make something as formed and controlled as a building but words are more impalpable than bricks, reading is a longer and more complicated process than seeing. Perhaps the quickest way to understand the elements of what a novelist is doing is not to read, but to write; to make your own experiment with the dangers and difficulties of words. Recall, then, some event that has left a distinct impression on you—how at the corner of the street, perhaps, you passed two people talking. A tree shook; an electric light danced; the tone of the talk was comic, but also tragic; a whole vision, an entire conception, seemed contained in that moment.

  21.What does the author mean by saying “Yet few people ask from books what books can give us.”?

  A.The author means that lots of people read few books.

  B.The author thinks that readers have only absorbed part of knowledge in books.

  C.The author holds that few people have a proper idea about what content some kind of books should include.

  D.The author considers that readers can scarcely understand most of the books.

  22.According to the passage, which of the following statement is right?

  A.A reader should find some mistakes when he is reading.

  B.The more difficult a book is, the more you can get from it.

  C.To read something is easier than to watch something.

  D.One should be in the same track with the writer when he is reading.

  23.What is the possible meaning of “impalpable” (Paragraph 2) in the passage?

  A.Clear. B.Elusive. C.Delicate. D.Precise.

  24.What’s the main idea of this passage?

  A.The importance of reading. B.The proper way to read.

  C.How to get most from one book. D.The characters of a good book.

  25.When a writer is writing he often get the whole conception ____.

  A.after a long time’s thinking

  B.through an instant inspiration

  C.according to his own experience

  D.by way of watching the objects attentively

  Passage Two

  It is simple enough to say that since books have classes fiction, biography, poetry—we should separate them and take from each what it is right that each should give us. Yet few people ask from books what books can give us. Most commonly we come to books with blurred and divided minds, asking of fiction that it shall be true, of poetry that it shall be false, of biography that it shall be flattering, of history that it shall enforce our own prejudices. If we could banish all such preconception when we read, that would be an admirable beginning. Do not dictate to your author; try to become him. Be his fellow worker and accomplice(同谋). If you hang back, and reserve and criticize at first, you are preventing yourself from getting the fullest possible value from what you read. But if you open your mind as widely as possible, then signs and hints of almost imperceptible finess(委婉之处), from the twist and turn of the first sentences, will bring you into the presence of a human being unlike any other. Steep yourself in this, acquaint yourself with this, and soon you will find that your author is giving you, or attempting to give you, something far more definite. The thirty two chapters of anovel—if we consider how to read a novel first—are an attempt to make something as formed and controlled as a building but words are more impalpable than bricks, reading is a longer and more complicated process than seeing. Perhaps the quickest way to understand the elements of what a novelist is doing is not to read, but to write; to make your own experiment with the dangers and difficulties of words. Recall, then, some event that has left a distinct impression on you—how at the corner of the street, perhaps, you passed two people talking. A tree shook; an electric light danced; the tone of the talk was comic, but also tragic; a whole vision, an entire conception, seemed contained in that moment.

  21.What does the author mean by saying “Yet few people ask from books what books can give us.”?

  A.The author means that lots of people read few books.

  B.The author thinks that readers have only absorbed part of knowledge in books.

  C.The author holds that few people have a proper idea about what content some kind of books should include.

  D.The author considers that readers can scarcely understand most of the books.

  22.According to the passage, which of the following statement is right?

  A.A reader should find some mistakes when he is reading.

  B.The more difficult a book is, the more you can get from it.

  C.To read something is easier than to watch something.

  D.One should be in the same track with the writer when he is reading.

  23.What is the possible meaning of “impalpable” (Paragraph 2) in the passage?

  A.Clear. B.Elusive. C.Delicate. D.Precise.

  24.What’s the main idea of this passage?

  A.The importance of reading. B.The proper way to read.

  C.How to get most from one book. D.The characters of a good book.

  25.When a writer is writing he often get the whole conception ____.

  A.after a long time’s thinking

  B.through an instant inspiration

  C.according to his own experience

  D.by way of watching the objects attentively

  Part IV Translation ( 答题时间30分钟 )

  Directions: For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to translate a passage from Chinese into English. You should write your answer on Answer sheet 2.

  中国一个幅员辽阔、资源丰富、历史悠久的多民族国家,每个民族都有其独特的丰富菜肴。地域菜系在地理环境、气候、文化传统、民族风俗和其他因素的影响下经过悠久历史的发展已经成形。最有影响力、最具代表性的是鲁、川、粵、闽、苏、浙、湘、徽菜系,这八种被人们称为“八大菜系”。中国的“八大菜系”是以多种多样的烹饪方法区分的,各有其长处。

  英语四级模拟题及下载的答案

  PartⅠ Writing

  Extravagant Spending on College Campus

  According to a survey, in recent years the monthly expenditure of a college student hasbeen on the sharp rise. Many college students have no concept of thrift in their mind. Theytake it for granted that they spend money from their parents before they enter into the society.This extravagant spending is primarily caused by the following factors.

  First of all, nowadays most of the students are the only children of their families. They arethe apple in their family’s eyes and naturally get more care and pocket money. In addition, withthe improvement of living standards, parents can afford higher expenditure of their children.Moreover, some students like to pursue fashion and trends, which tend to need more money.Finally, campus love is also a possible factor causing extravagant spending.

  From my point of view, a college student, as a pure consumer, should learn to be thrifty.We should limit our expenditure on daily necessities but not buy whatever we want regardlessof their prices. The habit of thrift can help us form right values and is favorable to our futuredevelopment.

  PartⅢ reading comprehension

  Section A  EIAFCDJBHG

  Section B  CIADGJBFEH

  Section C Passage One  CDBBB

  Section C Passage Two BBCBA

  Part IV Translation

  参考译文:

  Eight Major Cuisines

  China is a time-honored multi-ethnics nation with a vast territory and abundant resources, and every ethnic group has its unique abundant dishes. Regional cuisines have taken shape after long-history evolution under the influence of geographical environment, climate, cultural tradition, folk customs and other factors. The most influential and representative ones are Lu, Chuan,Yue, Min, Su,Zhe, Xiang and Hui Cuisines, which are commonly known as “Eight Major Cuisines”. Dishes in the “Eight Major Cuisines”in China are characterized by diversified cooking skills, with each having its strong points.

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                   第十六套:英语四级预测模拟题及下载

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