四级备考 六级备考 经验交流 模拟试题 历年真题 每日一练

消单词 精品试听 直播课程 名 师 热推课程

首页 > 备考辅导 > 四级备考 > 阅读 >

英语四级阅读理解100篇精讲之17世纪英国妇女的地位

2019-08-09 17:14 来源:文都网校 阅读()

  英语四级阅读理解占总分的35%,相对来说比重较大,所以这部分对四级取得高分是关键,考生们需要多做题、多练习。小编为大家整理了英语四级阅读理解100篇精讲,希望可以帮助大家提升阅读能力。

  英语四级阅读理解100篇之17世纪英国妇女的地位

  Women’s Positions in the 17th Century

  Social circumstances in Early Modern England mostly served to repress women’s voices. Patriarchal culture and institutions constructed them as chaste, silent, obedient, and subordinate. At the beginning of the 17th century, the ideology of patriarchy, political absolutism, and gender hierarchy were reaffirmed powerfully by King James in The Trew Law of Free Monarchie and the Basilikon Doron; by that ideology the absolute power of God the supreme patriarch was seen to be imaged in the absolute monarch of the state and in the husband and father of a family. Accordingly, a woman’s subjection, first to her father and then to her husband, imaged the subjection of English people to their monarch, and of all Christians to God. Also, the period saw an outpouring of repressive or overtly misogynist sermons, tracts, and plays, detailing women’s physical and mental defects, spiritual evils, rebelliousness, shrewish ness, and natural inferiority to men.

  Yet some social and cultural conditions served to empower women. During the Elizabethan era (1558—1603) the culture was dominated by a powerful Queen, who provided an impressive female example though she left scant cultural space for other women. Elizabethan women writers began to produce original texts but were occupied chiefly with translation. In the 17th century, however, various circumstances enabled women to write original texts in some numbers. For one thing, some counterweight to patriarchy was provided by female communities—mothers and daughters, extended kinship networks, close female friends, the separate court of Queen Anne (King James’ consort) and her often oppositional masques and political activities. For another, most of these women had a reasonably good education (modern languages, history, literature, religion, music, occasionally Latin) and some apparently found in romances and histories more expansive terms for imagining women’s lives. Also, representation of vigorous and rebellious female characters in literature and especially on the stage no doubt helped to undermine any monolithic social construct of women’s mature and role.

  Most important, perhaps, was the radical potential inherent in the Protestant insistence on every Christian’s immediate relationship with God and primary responsibility to follow his or her individual conscience. There is plenty of support in St Paul’s epistles and elsewhere in the Bible for patriarchy and a wife’s subjection to her husband, but some texts (notably Galatians 3:28) inscribe a very different politics, promoting women’s spiritual equality: “There is neither Jew nor Greek, there is neither bond nor free, there is neither male nor female: for ye are all one in Jesus Christ.” Such texts encouraged some women to claim the support of God the supreme patriarch against the various earthly patriarchs who claimed to stand toward them in his stead.

  There is also the gap or slippage between ideology and common experience. English women throughout the 17th century exercised a good deal of accrual power: as managers of estates in their husbands’ absences at court or on military and diplomatic missions; as members of guilds; as wives and mothers who apex during the English Civil War and Interregnum (1640-60) as the execution of the King and the attendant disruption of social hierarchies led many women to seize new roles—as preachers, as prophetesses, as deputies for exiled royalist husbands, as writers of religious and political tracts.

  1. What is the best title for this passage?

  [A]. Women’s Position in the 17th Century.

  [B]. Women’s Subjection to Patriarchy.

  [C]. Social Circumstances in the 17th Century.

  [D]. Women’s objection in the 17th Century.

  2. What did the Queen Elizabeth do for the women in culture?

  [A]. She set an impressive female example to follow.

  [B]. She dominated the culture.

  [C]. She did little.

  [D]. She allowed women to translate something.

  3. Which of the following is Not mention as a reason to enable women to originaltexts?

  [A].Female communities provided some counterweight to patriarchy.

  [B]. Queen Anne’s political activities.

  [C]. Most women had a good education.

  [D]. Queen Elizabeth’s political activities.

  4. What did the religion so for the women?

  [A]. It did nothing.

  [B]. It too asked women to be obedient except some texts.

  [C]. It supported women.

  英语四级阅读理解100篇之17世纪英国妇女的地位【答案详解】

  1. A. 17世纪英国妇女地位。见上面文章大意。

  B. 妇女服从于家族制。 D. 17世纪妇女的反抗,都是A.内容中的一部分,不能作为最佳标题。 C. 17世纪英国社会形式,只能作为背景出现。

  2. C. 她没有做什么。英女皇伊丽莎白在位时期间在文化上并没有妇女做过什么。这在第二段讲得很清楚。“伊丽莎白统治时期(1558——1603),文化领域为强有里女皇所控制,她本人确实树立了令人难忘的妇女形象,可是她并没有为其它妇女能够创作一些东西。”见前面列出之原因和下一道题的A. B. C.

  3. D. 伊丽莎白女皇的政治活动。这文内没有提及。

  A. 妇女亲情网对家长制进行抗衡。 B. 安娜女皇的政治活动。 C. 大多数妇女都受过良好教育。这三项在第二段中都提到。“首先,妇女亲情关系,如母亲,女儿,他们的亲戚网,好友;安娜女皇单独的宫殿,她那对立的化装舞会和政治活动都和族长制予以抗衡。”

  4. B. 除了某些文本外,它也要求妇女服从。第一段,见上述内容。第三段集中论述这一点。“也许,最重要的是基督教固有潜在激进性。它坚持主张每个基督徒和上帝的直接关系,坚持人首先责任是服从她或他的良知。在圣•保罗使徒书以及在别的圣经中有许多对家长制,妻子对丈夫的服从支持。可是有些文本镌刻着一种完全不同的政治观点,鼓吹妇女精神平等:”人没有犹太和希腊之分,没有束缚或自由之分,没有男女之分,因为在耶酥基督面前,你们都是一样。“

  A. 它什么也没有做。不对。 C. 它支持妇女。也不对,只有某些版本支持。 D. 它求助于上帝。它借上帝之名压制妇女。第一段:“因此,妇女首先服从父亲,然后服从丈夫,体现了(象征)英国人民服从他们的君主,所有基督徒服从上帝。”

  以上就是文都网校四六级小编为大家提供的英语四级阅读理解100篇。考生们想了解更多四六级备考课程、备考资讯,请点击文都网校四六级资讯站查询!有问题找文都☞☞☞详情咨询入口>>>

2019年6月英语四级作文真题

(点击图片进入专题)

    课程推荐

2019年12月四六级全程班
2019年12月大学英语四级全程班 2019年12月大学英语六级全程班
2019年12月四六级热门课程
2019年12月大学英语四六级实力抢分班
2019年12月波妈四六级全程陪伴班

     编辑推荐

备考交流
2019年下半年英语四六级考试节点预告
2019年6月英语四六级的成绩单发放时间
英语四六级考试的成绩单自己打印行吗?
英语四级考试有事缺考,会有什么后果?

 

责任编辑:wy

大学英语四六级网上课程热报班次

次名称 班次特点 活动

2019年12月大学英语四级全程班

课程构成:前基础阶段+基础阶段+强化模块阶段+真题解析冲刺阶段

课程特色:PC端、移动端、无有效期内自由看。

¥150
2019年12月大学英语六级全程班 ¥150
>>>查看更多四六级课程<<<

四六级免费在线咨询

文都四六级交流群

文都四六级QQ群437058182486117399517034650

 

上一篇:英语四级阅读理解100篇精讲之现在是最重要的

下一篇:最后一页

关注官方微信
0元领取学习资料