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英语四级阅读理解100篇精讲之父母该如何培养孩子

2019-06-06 09:26 来源:文都网校 阅读()

  英语四级阅读理解占总分的35%,相对来说比重较大,所以这部分对四级取得高分是关键,考生们需要多做题、多练习。小编为大家整理了英语四级阅读理解100篇精讲,希望可以帮助大家提升阅读能力。

  英语四级阅读理解100篇之父母该如何培养孩子

  In bringing up children, every parent watches eagerly the child’s acquisition (学会) of each new skill- the first spoken words, the first independent steps, or the beginning of reading and writing. It is often tempting to hurry the child beyond his natural learning rate, but this can set up dangerous feelings of failure and states of worry in the child might be encouraged to learn to read before he knows the meaning of the words he reads. On the other hand, though, if a child is left alone too much, or without any learning opportunities, he loses his natural enthusiasm for life and his desire to find out new things for himself.

  Parents vary greatly in their degree of strictness towards their children. Some may be especially strict in money matters. Others are sever over times of coming home at night or punctuality for meals. In general,the controls imposed represent the needs of the parents and the values of the community as much as the child’s own happiness.

  As regard the development of moral standards in the growing child, consistency is very important in parental teaching. To forbid a thing one day and excuse it the next is no foundation for morality(道德). Also, parents should realize that “ example is better than precept ”. If they are not sincere and do not practice what they preach(说教), their children may grow confused and emotionally insecure when they grow old enough to think for themselves, and realize they have been to some extent fooled.

  A sudden awareness of a marked difference between their parents’ principles and their morals can be a dangerous disappointment.

  练习题:

  Choose correct answers to the question:

  1.Eagerly watching the child’s acquisition of new skill ______

  A.can be avoided

  B.is universal among parents

  C.sets up dangerous states of worry in the child

  D.will make him lose interest in learning new things

  2.In the process of children’s learning new skills parents ________

  A. should encourage them to read before they know the meaning of the words they read

  B. should not expect too much of them

  C. should achieve a balance between pushing them too hard and leaving them on their own

  D.should creative as many learning opportunities as possible

  3.The second paragraph mainly tells us that _________

  A. parents should be strict with their children

  B. parental controls reflect only the needs of the parents and the values of the community.

  C. parental restrictions vary, and are not always enforced for the benefit of the children alone.

  D. parental vary in their strictness towards their children according to the situation.

  4.The word “precept” (Line3, Para.3) probably means “_______”

  A. Idea

  B.punishment

  C. behavior

  D. instruction

  5.In moral matters, parents should ________

  A. observe the rules themselves

  B. be aware of the marked difference between adults and children

  C. forbid things which have no foundation in morality

  D.consistently ensure the security of their children

  英语四级阅读理解100篇之父母该如何培养孩子【答案详解】

  1.[B] 事实细节题。第1段第1句中的every parent,often等词表明这种做法在父母中是非常普遍的,显然B与之相符。A说法无原文依据,且由原文可看出题干所述现象是很难避免的;C中dangerous—词在原文中本是修饰其他情绪,故C不符;D是过多地让孩子自己一个独处的后果,不是题干所述行为的后果。

  2.[C] 推理判断题。第1段第2句说明父母逼得太过分,应避免。最后一句则说明对小孩太放任自流同样不利。由这两点,我们可以做出如下判断:父母对孩子的“严”和“松”之间有一个恰当的“度”。C与之相符。

  3.[C] 事实细节题。文章第2段表明:不同的家长对孩子的管制程度不同;家长对小孩的管制不仅是为了孩子个人的幸福,也反映了父母的需要以及社区的价值观,故C与原文相符。

  4.[D] 词义理解题。由precept所在句可猜测precept应与example相对,且与下文的preach意思相近,故D正确。

  5.[A] 推理判断题。第3段提到父母应该避免讲一套做一套,结合最后一段可得出结论:关于思想道德教育问题,父母应以身作则,带头遵循,故A正确。

  英语四级阅读理解100篇之父母该如何培养孩子【参考译文】

  在抚养孩子,每个父母渴望孩子的收购(学)会对每个新技能——第一个口语词汇,第一个独立的步骤,或阅读和写作的开始。让孩子尽快超过自然的学习速度是很有诱惑力的,但这可能会让孩子产生失败的危险感觉,还可能会鼓励孩子在理解单词的意思之前学习阅读。然而,另一方面,如果一个孩子被留下太多,或没有任何学习机会,他失去了他对生活的自然热情和为自己发现新事物的欲望。

  父母对孩子的严格程度差别很大。有些人可能对金钱问题特别严格。另一些人则对晚上回家或按时吃饭的时间很严格。一般来说,施加的控制不仅代表儿童本身的幸福,也代表家长的需要和社区的价值观。

  就成长中的孩子的道德标准的发展而言,一致性在父母的教学中是非常重要的。禁止的一天,借口下一个没有道德的基础(道德)。父母也应该意识到“身教胜于言传”。如果不真诚,不练习他们所说(说教),他们的孩子可能会困惑和情感上不安全当他们变老的足以为自己思考,并意识到他们在某种程度上已经被愚弄。

  突然意识到父母的原则和道德之间的明显差异,可能会带来危险的失望。

  以上就是文都网校四六级小编为大家提供的英语四级阅读理解100篇。考生们想了解更多四六级备考课程、备考资讯,请点击文都网校四六级资讯站查询!有问题找文都☞☞☞详情咨询入口>>>

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