Some houses are designed to be smart. Others havesmart designs. An example of the second type ofhouse won an Award of Excellence from theAmerican Institute of Architects.
Located on the shore of Sullivan’s Island off thecoast of South Carolina, the award-winning cube-shaped beach house was built to replace onesmashed to pieces by Hurricane (飓风) Hugo 10 years ago. In September1989, Hugo struckSouth Carolina, killing 18 people and damaging or destroying 36,000 homes in the state.
Before Hugo, many new houses built along South Carolina’s shoreline were poorlyconstructed, and enforcement of building codes wasn’t strict, according to architect RayHuff, who created the cleverly-designed beach house. In Hugo’s wake, all new shoreline housesare required to meet stricter, better-enforced codes.The new beach house on Sullivan’s Islandshould be able to withstand a Category 3 hurricane with peak winds of 179 to 209 kilometersper hour.
At first sight, the house on Sullivan’s Island looks anything but hurricane-proof. Its redwoodshell makes it resemble “a large party lantern (灯笼)” at night, according to one observer. Butlooks can be deceiving. The house’s wooden frame is reinforced with long steel rods to give itextra strength.
To further protect the house from hurricane damage, Huff raised it 2.7 meters off the groundon timber pilings—long, slender columns of wood anchored deep in the sand. Pilings mightappear insecure, but they arestrong enough to support the weight of the house. They alsoelevate the house above storm surges. The pilings allow the surges to run under the houseinstead of running into it. “These swells of water come ashore at tremendous speeds and causemost of the damage done to beach-front buildings,” said Huff.
Huff designed the timber pilings to be partially concealed by the house’s ground-to-roofshell. “ The shell masks the pilings so that the house doesn’t look like it’s standing with itspant legs pulled up,” said Huff. In the event of a storm surge, the shell should break apart andlet the waves rush under the house, the architect explained.
1. After the tragedy caused by Hurricane Hugo, new houses built along SouthCarolina’s shore line are required ________.
A. to be easily reinforced
B. to look smarter in design
C. to meet stricter building standards
D. to be designed in the shape of cubes
2. The award-winning beach house is quite strong because ________.
A. it is strengthened by steel rods
B. it is made of redwood
C. it is in the shape of a shell
D. it is built with timber and concrete
3. Huff raised the house 2.7 meters off the ground on timber pilings in order to________.
A. withstand peak winds of about 200 km/hr
B. anchor stronger pilings deep in the sand
C. break huge sea waves into smaller ones
D. prevent water from rushing into the house
4. The main function of the shell is ________.
A. to strengthen the pilings of the house
B. to give the house a better appearance
C. to protect the wooden frame of the house
D. to slow down the speed of the swelling water
5. It can be inferred from the passage that the shell should be ________.
C. easily breakable
D. extremely strong