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2019年6月四级仔细阅读精选:各地习俗

2019-01-28 10:14 来源:文都网校 阅读()

  2019年上半年英语四级考试时间是6月15日,你开始准备备考了吗?其中,四级仔细阅读占阅读部分的25%,要求考生阅读3篇短文,每篇长度为300-350词,每篇后有若干个问题,要求考生根据对文章的理解,从每题的四个选项中选择最佳答案。

  Gestures aren't the only area in which the unwary traveler can get tripped up. Foreign cultures adhere to different business customs and behavior. For example: Caffeine junkies should restrain themselves in the Middle East.“Three cups of tea or coffee is usually the polite limit in offices and during social calls,” counsels “Travel Pak, ” a free publication of Alia, the Royal Jordanian Airline. “But if your host keeps going, you also may continue sipping. If you've had your fill, give your empty cup a quick twist a sort of wiggle—as you hand it back. That means “No more, thank you.”

  Middle East visitors also should not be surprised “if others barge right into the office in the middle of your conversation with the person you are seeing,” notes “Travel Pak.” An old Arab custom calls for keeping an “open office.”The British, however, consider it impolite to interrupt a visitor, even after all business has been transacted. The commercial caller is expected to be sensitive to this point, know when to stop, and initiate his or her own departure.In Japan certain guests at evening business gatherings will leave early. They should be allowed to leave without effusive good byes. The Japanese consider formal departures to be disruptive in such cases and disturbing to remaining guests. In Scandinavia and Finland business guests may be asked to shed their clothes and join their hosts in a sauna. The invitation is a sign that a good working relationship has been established.

  In the Arab world, the word “no” must be mentioned three times before it is accepted. In contrast, it is considered good business manners to make many and long efforts to pick up the check. In the People's Republic of China, gift giving is considered an insult, says Patrick J. Lewis, President of Club Universe, a Los Angeles tour operator. “If you want to give someone a gift, make sure it's modest in value. This will not be considered offensive, but it may be declined, ” The Chinese manner of expressing friendship and welcome is to clap. Lewis adds. “Youmay be greeted with clapping when entering a factory, hospital, commune, or school. Politeness dictates that you respond with applause, even though it may seem like you're clapping for yourself.”

  31. In the Middle East, it is considered ____.

  A) impolite to drink at least 3 cups of coffee

  B) impolite to drink more than 3 cups of coffee unless your host drinks more

  C) polite to ask the host to give you as more as he can

  D) polite to leave a party as early as you want

  32. In Japan, the guest at an evening party will ____.

  A) leave early without saying good bye

  B) stay as long as he can

  C) stay to have a swimming with the host

  D) present their business cards immediately

  33. In Finland, business guests may ____.

  A) take flowers to the host

  B) send an expensive gift to the host

  C) have a swimming or sauna with the host

  D) present a business card

  34. In China, a gift to the host means ____.

  A) attemption to praise the host

  B) a modest manner

  C) a respondence of applause

  D) offended action to the host's dignity

  35. Which of the following statement is NOT true according to the passage?

  A) Uninvited visitors are welcome in Middle Eastern office.

  B) In Britain, business visitors can stay as long as they like.

  C) In China, people may greet a foreigner's entering a school with clapping. D) In the Arab world, saying “No” for 3 times until it is accepted

  参考答案:

  31. 答案B。A. 饮用至少三杯咖啡是不礼貌的;B,除非你的主人饮用更多的咖啡,如果你饮用三杯以上将被认为是不礼貌的。在文中提到了,因此为正确答案。C, 让主人给你足够多的咖啡是有礼貌的。D你可以想多早就多早离开晚会是礼貌的。

  32. 答案A。A.可以不用对主人说再见就可提前离开。在文中日本的习俗就是这样, 因 此 , A为正确答案。 B他想呆多久就呆久。C留下来一起与主人游泳,这是另一国家的 习俗。 D立即出示他们的名片,这也是别国的风俗。

  33. 答案C。A.给主人带花去( 文章说这不是芬兰的习俗,因此,不是正确答案)。 B.给主人送昂贵的礼物。 C. 与主人一起游泳或桑拿浴。 D.出示名片。文章只提到了C项内容,故C正确。

  34. 答案D。A向主人献媚;B一种谦虚的行为;C对赞扬的反应;D是一种侮辱行为。只有D项在文中提到了,因此D为正确答案。

  35. 答案B。A未被邀请的客人在中东的办公室还是受欢迎的。这在文中提到过。 B在英国, 商务客人可以在办公室想呆多久就呆多久。这显然是不正确的。因此B为答案。 C在中国,人们鼓掌欢迎进学校的外国人。D在阿拉伯国家,说“不”要说三遍才被接受。 C和D在文中都提到了,因此不可选。

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