The National Trust in Britain plays an increasinglyimportant part in the preservation for publicenjoyment of the best that is left unspoiled of theBritish countryside. Although the Trust has receivedpracticaland moral support from the Government, itis not rich Government department. It is a charitywhich dependsfor its existence on voluntarysupport from members of the public.
The attention of the public was first drawn to the dangers threatening the great old housesand castles ofBritain by the death of Lord Lothian, who left his great seventeenth-centuryhouse to the Trust together with the 4, 500-acre park and estate surrounding it. This giftattracted wide publicity and started the Trust's "Country House Scheme". Under this scheme, with the help of the Government and the general public, the Trust has been able to save andopen to the public about one hundred and fifty of these old houses. Lastyear about one andthree quarters of a million people paid to visit these historic houses, usually at a very smallcharge.
In addition to country houses and open spaces the Trust now owns some examples of ancientwind and water mills, nature reserves, five hundred and forty farms and nearly two thousandfive hundred cottages or smallvillage houses, as well as some complete villages. In these villagesno one is allowed to build, develop or disturb the old village environment in any way and allthe houses are maintained in their original sixteenth-century style. Over four hundredthousand acres of coastline, woodland, and hill country are protected by the Trust and nodevelopment or disturbance of any kind are permitted. The public has free access to theseareas and is only asked to respect the peace, beauty and wildlife.
So it is that over the past eighty years the Trust has become a big important organization andan essential and respected part of national life, preserving all that is of great natural beautyand of historical significance not only for future generations of Britons but also for the millionsof tourists who each year invade Britain in search of a great historical and cultural heritage.
1.The National Trust is ______.
A.a rich government department
B.a charity supported mainly by the public
C.a group of areas of great natural beauty
D.an organization supported by public taxes
2. The "Country House Scheme" was started _______________.
A. with the founding of the National Trust
B. as the first project of the National Trust
C. after Lord Lothian's donation
D. to protect Lord Lothian's house
3. Land protected by the National Trust ______________.
A. can be developed and modernized
B. includes naturally and historically valuable sites
C. consists of country houses and nature reserves
D. is primarily for tourists to Britain
4. The word "invade" in the last paragraph is used to emphasize that _____________.
A. the British do not like tourists
B. tourists to Britain are unfriendly
C. tourists come to Britain in large numbers
D. Britain is attacked by masses of tourists
5. The main purpose of this passage is to ______________.
A. inform the readers about the National Trust
B. promote the National Trust's membership
C. make people aware of the natural beauty of Britain
D. let the general public share the views of the National Trust
3.[B] 事实细节题。最后一段从preserving开始的部分指出了本题的答案。第3段倒数第2句所说的“no development or disturbances of any kind are permitted”可帮助排除选项A;选项C内容不完整;选项D中的限制词primarily使用不妥,无原文依据。
4.[C] 词义推断题。由invade 所在的句子“for the millions of tourists who each year invade.。”可知这是托管会保护自然美景和历史胜地的原因所在。从而可以推断出invade强调来英国游玩的游客之多，因此选项C为正确答案。
5.[A] 主旨大意题。纵观全文可发现the National Trust和the Trust在文章开头以及文中反复出现,文章是一篇说明文，主要目的是介绍the National Trust的机构性质及其功能，因此选项A正确。文章未讨论托管会的成员问题，因此选项B不正确。最后两段虽然提到英国的自然景色很美，但这并非文章的主题思想，因此选项C不对。本题最具干扰性的是选项D，但是本文并不是一篇议论文，其目的不是让读者认同其中的观点，文章更多的是用说明性的语言来说明托管会的一些做法。