Directions: In this section, there is a passage with ten blanks. You are required to select one word for each blank from a list of choices given in a word bank following the passage Read the passage through carefully before making your choices. Each choice in the bank is identified by a letter. Please mark the corresponding letter for each item on Answer Sheet 2 with a single line through the centre. You may not use any of the words in the bank more than once.
Questions 36 to 45 are based on the following passage.
Worried about what people are saying about you? Concerns about gossip could influence behavior, including generosity, researchers said.
"As it turns out, the act of gossip can indeed be quite powerful," said Jared Piazza of Queen's University in Belfast, Northern Ireland.
Piazza and Jesse M. Beringa studied the (36) of 72 college students who were asked to distribute tokens (代金券) with a monetary value between themselves and someone else.
Half of the group were (37) told their decision would be discussed with a third party.
"Participants who were told that the receiver would be communicating their economic decision with the third party were (38) more generous in their allocations of the tokens than participants who were not (39) to believe that their decisions would be discussed," Piazza and Beringa said in the study published in the journal Human Behavior.
They added that the most (40) strategy from an economic standpoint would have been for a student to (41) all 10 tokens to him or herself, but the threat of gossip seemed to have (42) their decision.
Although gender did not play a major role in the study, men were slightly more (43) than women.
"Allocations of males were, on average, slightly greater than allocations of females, although there were almost twice as many female participants," the researchers(44).
A previous study showed that gossip is more powerful than truth, suggesting people believe what they hear through the grapevine even if they have evidence to the(45).