PartⅠ Writing (答题时间30分钟)
Directions: Write a composition entitled On Online Chatting. You should write at least 120 words according to the outline given below in Chinese:
PartⅡ listening comprehension
Section A (three news reports)略
Section B (two long conversations)略
Section C (three passages)略
PartⅢ reading comprehension(答题时间共40分钟)
Directions: In this section, there is a passage with ten blanks. You are required to select one wordfor each blank from a list of choices given in a word bank following the passage. Read thepassage through carefully before making your choices. Each choice in the bank isidentified by a letter. Please mark the corresponding letter for each item on AnswerSheet 2 with a single line through the centre. You may not use any of the words in thebank more than once.
It’s never easy to admit you are in the wrong. Being human, we all need to know the art of apologizing. Look back with honesty and think how often you’ve judged roughly, said __1__ things, pushed yourself ahead at the expense of a friend. Then count the occasions when you indicated clearly and __2__ that you were sorry. A bit frightening, isn’t it? Frightening because some deePwisdom in us knows that when even a small wrong has been committed, some mysterious moral feeling is __3__, and it stays out of balance until fault is acknowledged and __4__ is expressed.I remember a doctor friend, telling me about a man who came to him with a variety of signs: headaches, insomnia and stomach trouble. No __5__ cause could be found. Finally my friend said to the man, "Unless you tell me what’s worrying you, I can’t helPyou."After some hesitation, the man __6__ that, as executor of his faher’s will, he had been cheating his brother, who lived abroad, of his __7__. Then and there the wise old doctor made the man write to his brother asking __8__ and enclosing a cheque as the first stePin restoring their good relation. He then went with him to mail box in the corridor. As the letter disappeared, the man burst into tears. "Thank you," He said, "I think I’m __9__." And he was. A heartfelt apology can not only __10__ a damaged relationshiPbut also make it stronger. If you can think of someone who deserves an apology from you, someone you have wronged, or just neglected, do something about it right now.
Directions: In this section, you are going to read a passage with ten statements attached to it. Eachstatement contains information given in one of the paragraphs. Identify the paragraphfrom which the information is derived. You may choose a paragraph more than once.Each paragraph is marked with a letter.Answer the questions by marking thecorresponding letter on Answer Sheet 2.
Modern Marriage in American
The wedding of the 20th century, in 1981, celebrated a marriage that turned out to be a hugebust. It ended as badly as a relationship can: scandal, divorce and, ultimately, death andworldwide weeping.
So when the firstborn son of that union, Britain'sPrince William, set in motion the wedding of this century by getting engaged to CatherineMiddleton, he did things a little differently. He picked someone older than he is (by six months), who went to the same university he did and whom he'd dated for a long time. Although she isnot of royal blood, she stands to become the first English Queen with a university degree, so inone fundamental way, theirs is a union of equals. In that regard, the new couple reflect thechanges in the shape and nature of marriage that have been rippling throughout the Westernworld for the past few decades.
In fact, statistically speaking, a young man of William's age — if not his royal English heritage— might be just as likely not to get married, yet. In 1960, the year before Princess Diana, William's mother, was born, nearly 70% of American adults were married; now only about halfare. Eight times as many children are born out of wedlock. Back then, two-thirds of 20-somethings were married; in 2008 just 26% were. And college graduates are now far morelikely to marry (64%) than those with no higher education (48%).
When an institution so central to human experience suddenly changes shape in the space of ageneration or two, it's worth trying to figure out why. This fall the Pew Research Center, inassociation with TIME, conducted a nationwide poll exploring the contours of modernmarriage and the new American family, posing questions about what people want and expectout of marriage and family life, why they enter into committed relationships and what theygain from them. What we found is that marriage, whatever its social, spiritual or symbolicappeal, is in purely practical terms just not as necessary as it used to be. Neither men norwomen need to be married to have sex or companionship or professional success or respector even children — yet marriage remains revered and desired.
And of all the transformations our family structures have undergone in the past 50 years, perhaps the most profound is the marriage differential that has opened between the rich andthe poor. In 1960 the median household income of married adults was 12% higher than that ofsingle adults, after adjusting for household size. By 2008 this gap had grown to 41%. In otherwords, the richer and more educated you are, the more likely you are to marry, or to bemarried — or, conversely, if you're married, you're more likely to be well off.
The question of why the wealth disparity between the married and the unmarried has grownso much is related to other, broader issues about marriage: whom it best serves, how itrelates to parenting and family life and how its voluntary nature changes social structures.
The Marrying Kind
In 1978, when the divorce rate was much higher than it is today, a TIME poll asked Americansif they thought marriage was becoming obsolete. Twenty-eight percent did.
Since then, we've watched that famous royal marriage and the arrival of Divorce Court. We'vetuned in to Family Ties (nuclear family with three kids) and Modern Family (nuclear family withthree kids, plus gay uncles with an adopted Vietnamese baby and a grandfather with aColombian second wife and dorky stepchild). We've spent time with Will and Grace, whobickered like spouses but weren't, and with the stars of Newlyweds: Nick & Jessica, whowere spouses, bickered and then weren't anymore. We've seen some political marriagessurvive unexpectedly (Bill and Hillary Clinton) and others unpredictably falter (Al and TipperGore).
See pictures from the marriage of Al and Tipper Gore.
See the top 10 TV dads.
We've seen the rise of a $40 billion-plus wedding industry, flames fanned by dating sites, andreality shows playing the soul-mate game — alongside the rise of the prenup, the postnup and, most recently, divorce insurance. We care about marriage so much that one of the fiercestpolitical and legal fights in years is being waged over whom the state permits to get married. We've seen a former head of state's child (Chelsea Clinton) marry after living with her boyfriendand a potential head of state's child (Bristol Palin) have a child before leaving home.
So, as we circle back around to witness another royal engagement, where are we on themarriage question? Less wedded to it. The Pew survey reveals that nearly 40% of us thinkmarriage is obsolete. This doesn't mean, though, that we're pessimistic about the future ofthe American family; we have more faith in the family than we do in the nation's educationsystem or its economy. We're just more flexible about how family gets defined.
Even more surprising: overwhelmingly, Americans still venerate marriage enough to want totry it. About 70% of us have been married at least once, according to the 2010 Census. ThePew poll found that although 44% of Americans under 30 believe marriage is heading forextinction, only 5% of those in that age group do not want to get married. Sociologists notethat Americans have a rate of marriage — and of remarriage — among the highest in theWestern world. (In between is a divorce rate higher than that of most countries in the EuropeanUnion.) We spill copious amounts of ink and spend copious amounts of money being anxiousabout marriage, both collectively and individually. We view the state of our families as asymbol of the state of our nation, and we treat marriage as a personal project, something wework at and try to perfect. "Getting married is a way to show family and friends that you have asuccessful personal life," says Andrew Cherlin, a sociologist at Johns Hopkins University and theauthor of The Marriage-Go-Round: The State of Marriage and the Family in America Today. "It'slike the ultimate merit badge."
But if marriage is no longer obligatory or even — in certain cases — helpful, then what is itfor? It's impossible to address that question without first answering another: Who is marriagefor?
The New Marriage Gap
To begin to answer that question, it might be useful to take a look at the brief but illustrativemarriage of golfer Greg Norman and tennis star Chris Evert, who married in June 2008 anddivorced 15 months later. From all reports, their union had many of the classic hallmarks ofmodern partnerships. The bride and groom had roughly equal success in their careers. Beingwealthy, sporty and blond, they had similar interests. She was older than he, and they'd hadother relationships before. (She'd had two previous spouses and he one.) Plus, they'd knowneach other a while, since Evert's newly minted ex-husband, Andy Mill, was Norman's bestfriend.
Apart from the interest the union generated in the tabloids, this is typical of the way manymarriages start. Modern brides and grooms tend to be older and more similar. In particular, Americans are increasingly marrying people who are on the same socioeconomic andeducational level. Fifty years ago, doctors commonly proposed to nurses and businessmen totheir secretaries. Even 25 years ago, a professional golfer might marry, say, a flightattendant. Now doctors tend to cleave unto other doctors, and executives hope to be part ofa power couple.
The change is mostly a numbers game. Since more women than men have graduated fromcollege for several decades, it's more likely than it used to be that a male college graduate willmeet, fall in love with, wed and share the salary of a woman with a degree. Women's advancesin education have roughly paralleled the growth of the knowledge economy, so the slice of thefamily bacon she brings home will be substantial.
Women's rising earning power doesn't affect simply who cooks that bacon, although thereapportioning of household labor is a significant issue and means married people need deftnegotiation skills. Well-off women don't need to stay in a marriage that doesn't make themhappy; two-thirds of all divorces, it's estimated, are initiated by wives. And not just the SandraBullock types who have been treated shabbily and have many other fish on their line but alsoTipper Gore types whose kids have left home and who don't necessarily expect to remarry butare putting on their walking boots anyway.
46. The 1978 TIME poll revealed that 28% thought of marriage as obsolete.
47. The example of the marriage of golfer Greg Norman with tennis star Chris Evert indicatesequal success in career is no guarantee of successful marriage.
48. Though people still revered, neither men nor women see it as prerequisite of sex, companionship, professional success, respect or children.
49. The more money you have, the more education you have received，the more likely you areto marry or to be married.
50. Two thirds of all divorces were estimated to have been initiated by female because well-offwomen don't have to stay in wedlock if they didn't feel happy.
51. The engagement of Britain，s prince William with Catherine Middleton was different in thattheirs is a union of equals though she is not of royal blood.
52. Prince William's mother was Princess Dianna.
53. In 1960 two thirds of 20-somethings was married.
54. The joint research by Pew Research center and TIME aimed at modem American marriageand family.
55. The wealth disparity between the married and unmarried is related to whom marriageseines.
Directions: There are 2 passages in this section. Each passage is followed by some questions orunfinished statements. For each of them there are four choices marked A, B, C andD . You should decide on the best choice and mark the corresponding letter on AnswerSheet 2 with a single line through the centre.
It is simple enough to say that since books have classes fiction, biography, poetry—we should separate them and take from each what it is right that each should give us. Yet few people ask from books what books can give us. Most commonly we come to books with blurred and divided minds, asking of fiction that it shall be true, of poetry that it shall be false, of biography that it shall be flattering, of history that it shall enforce our own prejudices. If we could banish all such preconception when we read, that would be an admirable beginning. Do not dictate to your author; try to become him. Be his fellow worker and accomplice(同谋). If you hang back, and reserve and criticize at first, you are preventing yourself from getting the fullest possible value from what you read. But if you open your mind as widely as possible, then signs and hints of almost imperceptible finess(委婉之处), from the twist and turn of the first sentences, will bring you into the presence of a human being unlike any other. Steep yourself in this, acquaint yourself with this, and soon you will find that your author is giving you, or attempting to give you, something far more definite. The thirty two chapters of anovel—if we consider how to read a novel first—are an attempt to make something as formed and controlled as a building but words are more impalpable than bricks, reading is a longer and more complicated process than seeing. Perhaps the quickest way to understand the elements of what a novelist is doing is not to read, but to write; to make your own experiment with the dangers and difficulties of words. Recall, then, some event that has left a distinct impression on you—how at the corner of the street, perhaps, you passed two people talking. A tree shook; an electric light danced; the tone of the talk was comic, but also tragic; a whole vision, an entire conception, seemed contained in that moment.
21.What does the author mean by saying “Yet few people ask from books what books can give us.”?
A.The author means that lots of people read few books.
B.The author thinks that readers have only absorbed part of knowledge in books.
C.The author holds that few people have a proper idea about what content some kind of books should include.
D.The author considers that readers can scarcely understand most of the books.
22.According to the passage, which of the following statement is right?
A.A reader should find some mistakes when he is reading.
B.The more difficult a book is, the more you can get from it.
C.To read something is easier than to watch something.
D.One should be in the same track with the writer when he is reading.
23.What is the possible meaning of “impalpable” (Paragraph 2) in the passage?
A.Clear. B.Elusive. C.Delicate. D.Precise.
24.What’s the main idea of this passage?
A.The importance of reading. B.The proper way to read.
C.How to get most from one book. D.The characters of a good book.
25.When a writer is writing he often get the whole conception ____.
A.after a long time’s thinking
B.through an instant inspiration
C.according to his own experience
D.by way of watching the objects attentively
According to the dictionary definition of “create”, ordinary people are creative every day. To create means “to bring into being, to cause to exist”—something each of us does daily.
We are creative whenever we look at or think about something in a new way. First this involves an awareness of our surroundings. It means using all of our sese to become aware of our world. This may be as simple as being aware of color and texture, as well as taste, when we plan a meal. Above all, it is the ability to notice things that others might miss.
A second part of creativity is an ability to see relationships among things. I f we believe the expression, “There is nothing new under the sun,” the creativ ity is remaking or recombining the old in new ways. For example, we might do this by finding a more effective way to study or a better way to arrange our furniture, or we might make a new combination of camera lenses and filters to cr eate an unusual photograph.
A third part of creativity is the courage and drive to make use of our new ide as, to apply them to achieve some new results. To think up a new concept is one thing; to put the idea to work is another.
These three parts of creativity are involved in all the great works of genius, but they are also involved in many of our day to day activities.
26.Which of the following activities is NOT a creative one according to t he passage?
A.To prepare a meal.
B.To arrange the furniture in a peculiar way.
C.To buy some books from a bookstore.
D.To “write” a letter with the computer.
27.The author holds that ____.
A.creativity is of highly demand
B.creativity is connected with a deep insight to some extent
C.creativity is to create something new and concrete
D.to practise and practise is the only way to cultivate one’s creativity
28.“There is nothing new under the sun.” (Par.3) really implies that ____.
A.we can seldom create new things B.a new thing is only a tale
C.a new thing can only be created at the basis of original things D.we can scarcely see really new things in the world
29.What does the author think about the relationship between a new though t and its being put into practice?
A.It’s more difficult to create a new thought than to apply it in practice.
B.To find a new thought will definitely lead to the production of a new thing.
C.One may come up with a new thought, but can not put it into practice.
D.A man with an excellent ability of practice can easily become an inventor.
30.The best title for this passage is ____.
A.How to Cultivate One’s Creativity B.What is Creativity
C.The Importance of Creativity D.Creativity—a Not Farway Thing
Part IV Translation ( 答题时间30分钟 )
Directions: For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to translate a passage from Chinese intoEnglish. You should write your answer on Answer Sheet 2.
On Excessive Packaging
Nowadays the phenomena of excessive packaging of goods are prevailing in our society: clothes swathed in tissue paper, placed in cardboard box and finally wrapped in well-designed plastic bags, imported bottles of grape wine packed in wooden boxes, fruits put in hand-woven baskets, to name but a few.
There are several causes of excessive packaging. The first reason is that a large number of companies believe that they can attract customers’ attention and stimulate their purchasing desire by over-packaging their goods, thus gaining more profits. On the other hand, quite a number of consumers mistakenly hold that the more delicate the package is, the better the quality will be, thus encouraging excessive packaging.
In my point of view, excessive packaging has disastrous consequences, including the loss of precious resources, excessive consumption of water and energy, and unnecessary extraction of scarce land for landfill.
To solve the problem, it’s necessary to take the following measures. First, laws and regulations must be made to restrict excessive packaging of companies. In addition, we need to raise consumer’s awareness that excessive packaging doesn’t equal to high quality and advocate packaging recycling.
PartⅢ reading comprehension
Section A CKNDH FGMIA
Section B EGCDIABBCD
Section C Passage One CDBBB
Section C Passage Two CBCCB
Part IV Translation
In modern times, Asia experienced twists and turns in its development. To change their destiny, the people of Asia have been forging ahead in an indomitable spirit and with hard struggle. Asia's development achievements today are the result of the persistent efforts of the industrious and talented Asian people.
The people of Asia are fully aware that there is no ready model or unchanging path of development that is universally applicable. They never shy away from reform and innovation. Instead, they are committed to exploring and finding development paths that are in line with the trend of the times and their own situations, and have opened up bright prospects for economic and social development.