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2018年6月英语六级仔细阅读练习(256)

2018-03-20 17:06 来源:文都网校 阅读()

  得阅读者得天下。英语六级阅读分为三大类题型,即选词填空、段落匹配和仔细阅读。其中单位分值最高的就是仔细阅读,若我们准备充分一些,处理恰当一些的话,必然会成为考生战胜英语六级的基石。本文小编为大家整理了一篇仔细阅读,希望对大家的英语学习有所帮助。

  The Ar t Of Bowing

  The degree to which a bowing or lowering of the body is emphasized varies from one culture to another . In many cultures today the full bow or other dramatic lowering of the body is generally reserved for formal occasions such as greeting a head of state or monarch. For example, British commoners standing before the queen or being honored by royalty in a ceremony of knighthood would be expected to bow, curtsey, or kneel. As part of their religious practices some Christians kneel, Catholics genuflect, and Muslims kowtow , an extreme form of body lowering in which the forehead is brought to the ground. Although bowing, as a worldwide phenomenon, has been on the decrease in recent decades, it has survived in German culture and exists to an even greater degree in modern Japan, where bows are an integral part of everyday social interaction . In the United States, however, bowing or any type of submissive body posture is particularly irritating, for it tends to connote undue formality, aristocracy, and a nonverbal denial of egalitarianism. Nowhere is bowing more important to the process of communication today than in Japanese society. As an indication of how pervasive bowing is in present-day Japan, some experts point out that“ some female department store employees have the sole function of bowing to customers at department store escalators and that many Japanese bow repeatedly to invisible partners at the other end of a telephone line”. Bowing initiates interaction between two Japanese , it enhances and embellishes many parts of the ensuing conversation, and it is used to signal the end of a conversation. Although Westerners, in a very general

  sense, understand the meaning attached to bowing, appropriate bowing in Japan is an intricate and complex process. Reciprocal bowing is determined largely by rank. In fact, it is possible to tell the relative social status of the two communicators by the depth of their bows ( the deeper the bow, the lower the status) . When bowing deeply, it is conventional to lean slightly to the right to avoid bumping heads. The person of lower status is expected to initiate the bow, and the person of higher status determines when the bow is completed. People of equivalent status are expected to bow at the same depth while starting and finishing at the same time.

  Ⅰ. Are these statements True or False a ccording to the article ?

  1. Nowadays the full bow or other dramatic lowering of the body is still widely acceptedaround the world.

  2. Bowing is prevalent in Japan while the situation is quite different in America.

  3. It is customary to lean slightly to the left to avoid bumping heads when bowing deeply.

  Ⅱ. Complete the sentence s with the proper forms of the words given in parentheses :

  1. There is a __________( tend) that more and more people will move from cities to the countryside.

  2. He __________( repeat) fails to pass the exam.

  3. A spirit of hopelessness__________ ( pervasive ) the country.

  4. He is such a chauvinist that he expects his wife to be meek and __________( submit).

  5. The government has__________ ( initial) a new house-building program.

  参考答案:

  Ⅰ. 1. F 2. T 3 . F

  Ⅱ. 1. tendency 2. repeatedly 3 . pervaded 4 . submissive 5. initiated

  以上就是小编为大家介绍有关英语六级阅读的相关知识,希望大家勤加练习,争取在2018年6月的英语六级考试中取得好成绩。想了解更多四六级备考课程备考资讯,请点击文都网校四六级资讯站查询!有问题找文都☞☞☞详情咨询入口>>>

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