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2018年6月英语六级仔细阅读练习(253)

2018-03-20 17:01 来源:文都网校 阅读()

  得阅读者得天下。英语六级阅读分为三大类题型,即选词填空、段落匹配和仔细阅读。其中单位分值最高的就是仔细阅读,若我们准备充分一些,处理恰当一些的话,必然会成为考生战胜英语六级的基石。本文小编为大家整理了一篇仔细阅读,希望对大家的英语学习有所帮助。

  A recent BBC documentary, The Town That Never Retired, sought to show the effects ofincreasing the state pension age by putting retirees back to work.

  Although the results were entertaining, they need not have bothered. Away from thecameras, unprecedented numbers of older people are staying in work .Since the start of therecession that began in 2008, the number of 16-to 24-year-olds in work has fallen by 597,000.Over the same period the number of workers over the age of 65 has increased by 240 o000.

  The graying of the British workforce dates back to around 2001, since when theproportion of older people working has nearly doubled. But it has accelerated since the start ofthe recession. There are several reasons why. Happily, people are living longer and healthierlives, which makes staying in work less daunting than it was. Less happily, low interest rates, astagnant stock market and the end of many defined-benefit ( 固定收益 ) pension schemesmake it a financial necessity. And changing attitudes ,spurred by rules against agediscrimination, are making it easier than ever.

  Most older workers are simply hanging on at the office: 63% of workers over state pensionage have been with their employer for more than ten years. Over two-thirds of them work part-time, mostly doing jobs that they once performed full-time. A big advantage is that they donot pay national insurance contributions effectively a second income tax on younger workers.

  According to Stephen McNair, director of the Centre for Research into the Older Workforce,this flexibility explains why older workers have not suffered so much in the slump. Instead ofslashing the workforce, as in previous recessions, many firms have halted recruitment and cutworking hours. At small businesses in particular, keeping on older workers is cheaper and lessrisky than training replacements. Over half of workers over state pension age work forbusinesses with fewer than 25 employees.

  Christopher Nipper, who owns David Nipper, a womens wear manufacturer based inDerbyshire, prizes his semi-retired workers, who can be employed at short notice and do notneed to work full-time to survive. Retired machinists can fill in if there is a surge in orders;former sales advisers can work as part-time consultants. As his competitors have movedproduction abroad, depleting the pool of trained labour,retaining older workers and their skillshas become even more important.

  There is scope for the older workforce to expand. Workers over the age of 50 who aremade unemployed find it harder to pick up new jobs, which could mean that more oldsters wantto work than are able to. That would be good. The Office for Budget Responsibility, the fiscalwatchdog, reported on July 12th that an ageing, unproductive population is the biggestlong-term threat to Britain's economic health.

  Data from the OECD, a think-tank, shows that employment rates among workersapproaching retirement age are split in Europe, with old workers hanging on best in the north.Government credit ratings follow a similar pattern. That Britain's ageing workforce more closelyresembles Germany's than Italy's could prove the country's salvation(拯救).

  61. Which of the following can be inferred from the BBC documentary The Town ThatNever Retired?

  A) What it intends to reveal is contrary to the reality.

  B) It has received good comments from audience.

  C) It aims to criticize the poor pension provision in the UK.

  D) It reflects the current phenomenon of retirees coming back to work.

  62. According to the passage, "it" ( Line 6, Para. 2 ) refers to__________.

  A) age discrimination

  B) the changing attitude

  C) a financial necessity

  D) staying in work after retiring

  63. According to Paragraph 3, which of the following is TRUE about the older workers in theUK?

  A) Most of them are loyal to their former employers.

  B) Most of them rarely challenge themselves by seeking new types of jobs.

  C) They do not have to pay national income tax.

  D) 63% of them continue to work over the retirement age.

  64. According to Christopher Nieper, why are semi-retired workers favored in hiring?

  A) Because they can fill in the job vacancy in a brief time.

  B) Because the pool of labour in the UK is drained.

  C) Because they work harder than the yoking because of economic pressure.

  D) Because their working hours can be as flexible as they want.

  65. It can be concluded from the last paragraph that __________.

  A) Britain's ageing workforce is similar to Italy's

  B) Britain's credit ratings are higher than Italy's

  C) Britain's salvation is better than Germany's

  D) Britain's employment rates of ageing workforce are higher than Germany's

  参考答案:

  56.B)。本题考查读者对该段言外之意的理解。定位段指出,如今戴着3D眼镜的并非只有电影爱好者,一项新的研究表明3D眼镜也能让医生获益,言外之意就是,电影爱好者经常戴着3D眼镜观看电影,故答案为B)。A)“医生视力不好”、C)“有些医生也是电影爱好者”和D)“电影爱好者会做手术”在文中并未提及,故均排除。

  57.D) 。本题考查过去医生对3D技术的态度。定位句提到,在过去,医生对工作中使用3D技术持怀疑态度,他们更愿意依靠自身的经验,D)为skeptical的近义词,故为答案。A)“冷漠的”、B)“积极的”和C)“失望的”,均排除。

  58.A)。本题考查视线捕捉摄像系统的功能。定位句提到,无需佩戴眼镜的系统依靠捕捉视线的摄像系统将独立的图像发送到每只眼睛,从而在大脑中形成3D效果,故A)为答案。B)“为眼睛分开图像”文章并未提及,故排除;C)“通过摄像机来传输眼睛的图像”是对文章意思的曲解,故排除;D)“将独立的图像发送到每个眼镜”与文意不符,故排除。

  59.B)。本题考查3D技术带来的好处。由定位句可知,费斯纳尔说,“测试中完成最好的医师不仅少花了15%的时间而且精准性得到大幅提高,即更高的精准性与更少的时间”,故答案为B)。同时,排除A)与C);D)“模糊的视线”文中并未提及,故排除。

  60.D)。由定位句可知,研究项目的外科医生们给3D眼镜系统的分数最高,而无需佩戴眼镜的3D系统和2D系统差不多,D)是对原文的转述,故为答案。A)“3D眼镜系统技术含量最高”在文中并未提及,故排除;B)“3D眼镜系统不比2D系统好”和C)“无需佩戴眼镜的3D系统比2D系统好”与原文逻辑不符,故均挑除。

  以上就是小编为大家介绍有关英语六级阅读的相关知识,希望大家勤加练习,争取在2018年6月的英语六级考试中取得好成绩。想了解更多四六级备考课程备考资讯,请点击文都网校四六级资讯站查询!有问题找文都☞☞☞详情咨询入口>>>

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