Now listen to the following recording andanswer questions 20 to 22
A.Teachers bring their dislike to the classroom.
B.Mathematics is more difficult than arithmetic.
C.All Americans are not good at mathematics.
D.Kids are more excited about technology and engineering.
A.Exhibit cool items like robots.
B.Increase enthusiasm of the teacher.
C.Get kids more interested in math.
D.Make mathematics more difficult.
It is often said mathematics is a foundation of learning. Communications, computer science, the arts, the Internet, space exploration all are based on underlying mathematical concepts. In its most recent international survey, the Program for International Student Assessment (PISA.) ranked the United States in 27th place for student performance in math. What are the causes and what is being done about it?
Mathematics is more than arithmetic. Scientists and philosophers throughout history have called it the foundation of all knowledge, and praise its simple beauty. Yet many Americans seem to have a problem with it. In a recent survey, one in three Americans admitted that they're not good at math. Here nationally renowned mathematician and Dean of the School of Education, Albert knows why.
"Elementary school teachers in this country, and Europe as well, are part of that general population and consequently they bring that dislike of mathematics subconsciously, sometimes consciously at other times, to the classroom and as a result the teaching mathematics at the elementary school level lacks motivation, lacks enthusiasm. The enthusiasm of the teacher is extremely important in turning kids on to the subject matter," said Albert.
Turning kids on to math is the goal of the National Museum of Mathematics in New York City. It's a one-of-a-kind museum that resembles a high-tech playground with more than 30 hands-on attractions.
"And as a nation we need to get kids more excited about math and about science, technology, and engineering because that's our productivity, that's our workforce," said Lawrence, the Executive Director of MoMath.
Every day the museum is filled with lots of excited schoolchildren and adults.
"I learn a lot more than I am learning currently, but it's really just a lot of fun to see all the different things that look like just games when they're actually just math," said Sera.
"It probably makes mathematics seem less scary than a lot of people think it is," said Lew, Sera's grandfather.
Question 20. What is the foundation of all knowledge according to scientists throughout history?
Question 21. According to Albert, why does the teaching mathematics at elementary school in U.S. lack motivation and enthusiasm?
Question 22. What is the goal of the National Museum of Mathematics?