Now listen to the following recording and answer questions 16 to 19.
A.It's a test to check the IQ of an actor.
B.It's a practice held before a performance.
C.It's a job interview for the performing arts.
D.It's a reward for outstanding actors.
A.The use of monologue.
B.Performance of opera.
A.To test the performer's articulation and speech rhythms.
B.To judge whether the performer has a great talent.
C.To evaluate a performer's ability to perform new works.
D.To bring out the intent, mood, and characterization of a performer.
A.A group performance.
B.A written test.
C.A long speech.
D.Monologues or songs.
Tonight we have Mr. Park here. Mr. Park is a famousdirector in Korea. Welcome, Mr. Park.
Thank you. It's my pleasure to be here to talk withteenagers dreaming of being a star. I'd like to starttoday's lecture from the methods of auditioningperforming artists. Okay. What's an audition, youmay ask? Well, an audition is a sample performance by an actor, singer, musician, dancer, or other performing artist. It is used in the casting process to demonstrate the level andrange of a performer's talent and functions as a, well, let's put it this way a job interview forthe performing arts. A typical audition involves the performer displaying his talent through apreviously memorized and rehearsed solo piece. One example would be a monologue usedfor actors. For instance, an actor auditioning for Hamlet would have a dramatic Shakespeareanmonologue ready and not perform a monologue from an Oscar Wilde comedy or acontemporary playwright.
But for the most part, the most important method of auditioning an actor is through the use ofthe monologue. A monologue is a, um, speech made by one person speaking his or herthoughts aloud or directly addressing a reader, audience, or character. It is a common featurein drama. Monologues are also a feature of opera, recital, or other sung section may carry outa function similar to that of spoken monologues in the theater. Also, comic monologues havebecome a standard element of entertainment routines on stage and television.
Well, there's more to this than just doing a monologue. Some auditions involve cold readingor performing from a script that the actor is not familiar with. Sight-reading is a much-neededrequirement in drama, where it is often used in conjunction with improvisations to judge aperformer's ability to perform new works. It is particularly useful during auditions. A gooddrama sight reader is able to communicate with fluency and clarity and to project speechrhythms and rhymes well. He or she should also be able to bring out the intent, mood, andcharacterization of a piece through appropriate articulation and body language.
Why do actors have to go through all of this anyways, you may ask? Well, in the performingarts, casting is a vital pre-production process for selecting a cast of actors, dancers, singers, models, and other talents for a live or recorded performance. It typically involves a series ofauditions before a casting panel, composed of individuals such as the producer, director, andchoreographer.
In the early stages of the process, candidate performers, often may present, um, preparedaudition pieces such as monologues or songs. Later stages may involve groups of candidates, um, attempting material from the work under consideration in various combinations. Thecasting panel considers both the talent of the individual actors and the chemistry of theircombination.
Question 16. What is an audition according to Mr. Park?
Question 17. Which is the most important method of auditioning an actor?
Question 18. What is the aim of using sight-reading and improvisations in anaudition?
Question 19. What do candidate performers often present in the early stages of anaudition?