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六级英语阅读模拟及答案(四)

2019-04-26 17:05 来源:文都网校 阅读()

  攻克英语六级阅读除了要掌握阅读技巧外,多做模拟题是很关键的一步,俗话说的好“熟能生巧”,各位考生做完一套题后,可以参看六级阅读答案,看看正确率,发现自己的欠缺点,逐步改正。

  六级阅读模拟及答案:

  Pageants are usually conceived on a fairly large scale, often under the auspices of some local or civic authority or at any rate in connection with local groups of some kind. This sometimes means that there is an allocation of funds available for the purpose of mounting the production, though unfortunately this will usually be found to be on the meager side and much ingenuity will have to be used to stretch it so that all performers can be adequately clothed.

  Most pageants have a historical flavour as they usually come about through the celebration of the anniversary of some event of historic importance, or the life or death of some local worthy. Research among archives and books in the public library will probably prove very useful and produce some workable ideas which will give the production an especially local flavour. From the first economy will have to be practiced because there are usually a great number of people to dress. Leading characters can be considered individually in the same way as when designing for a play; but the main body of the performers will need to be planned in groups and the massed effect must be always borne in mind.

  Many pageants take place in daylight in the open air. This is an entirely different problem from designing costumes which are going to be looked at under artificial lighting; for one thing, scenes viewed in the daylight are subject to many more distractions. No longer is everything around cut out by the surrounding darkness, but instead it is very easy to be aware of disturbing movement in the audience of behind the performers. Very theatrically conceived clothes do not always look their best when seen in a daylight setting of trees, verdant lawns and old ivy-covered walls; the same goes for costumes being worn in front of the mellow colors of stately homes. The location needs to be studied and then a decision can be made as to what kinds of colors and textures will harmonize best with the surroundings and conditions and then to carry this out as far as possible on the funds available.

  If money is available to dress the performers without recourse to their own help in the provision of items, it is best to arrange for all the cutting and pinning together of the costumes to be done by one or two experienced people than to be given out to the groups and individuals for completion. When there is little or no money at all, the garments need to be reduced to the basic necessities. Cloaks and shawls become invaluable, sheets and large bath towels and bath sheets are admirable for draping. Unwanted curtains and bed spreads can be cut to make tunics, robes and skirts. These are particularly valuable if they are of heavy fabrics such as velvet or chenille.

  Colors should be massed together so that there are contrasting groups of dark and light, this will be found to help the visual result substantially. Crowds of people gathered together in a jumble of colors will be ground to look quite purposeless and will lack dramatic impact.

  The use of numbers of identical head-dresses, however simply made, are always effective when working with groups. If these are made of cardboard and painted boldly the cost can be almost negligible. Helmets, hats and plumes will all make quite a show even if the costumes are only blandest or sheets cleverly draped. The same can be said of the use of banners, shields and poles with stiff pennants and garlands—anything which will help to have a unifying effect. Any kind of eye-catching device will always go with a flourish and add excitement to the scenes.

  1. The main idea of this passage is

  [A]. Pageants. [B]. Costumes on the stage.

  [C]. Costumes for pageants. [D]. How to arrange a pageant.

  2. It can be inferred that the most important factor in costume design is

  [A]. money. [B]. color. [C]. harmony [D]. texture

  3. Why will much ingenuity have to be required in costume design?

  [A]. Because pageants take place in daylight in the open air.

  [B]. Because different characters require different costumes.

  [C]. Because the colors and textures must be in harmony with the setting.

  [D]. Because an allocation of the funds available is usually rather small.

  4. Why do most pageants have a historical flavour?

  [A]. Because most pageants take place for celebration.

  [B]. Many pageants take place for amusement.

  [C]. A lot of pageants take place for religion.

  [D]. Because pageants usually take place for competition.

  六级阅读答案:CCDA

  六级阅读参考译文

  选美比赛通常是在相当大的规模下构思的,通常是在一些地方或市政当局的赞助下,或者至少是在某种程度上与当地团体有关。这有时意味着,有一笔资金可用来进行演出,尽管不幸的是,这通常会被发现是微薄的一面,将不得不使用许多独创性来延长它,以便所有的演员都能穿得很好。

  大多数选美比赛都有历史的味道,因为它们通常是通过庆祝一些具有历史意义的事件的周年纪念,或一些当地有价值的人的生死来进行的。在公共图书馆中对档案和书籍的研究很可能会证明是非常有用的,并产生一些可行的想法,这将使生产一个特别的地方风味。从第一个经济时代开始就必须实行,因为通常有很多人要穿衣服。主角可以像戏剧设计一样被单独考虑;但是表演者的主体需要以小组为单位进行规划,而且必须时刻牢记其整体效果。

  许多选美比赛在白天露天举行。这是一个完全不同的问题,设计服装,这将是看在人工照明;首先,在白天看的场景更容易让人分心。周围的一切不再被周围的黑暗所隔断,而是很容易觉察到表演者身后的观众在不安地移动。在树木、翠绿的草坪和爬满常春藤的古老墙壁的日光下,构思非常戏剧化的服装并不总是看起来最好的;同样的道理也适用于人们在富丽堂皇的大宅前所穿的服装。地点需要研究,然后可以做出决定,什么样的颜色和纹理将与周围环境和条件最和谐,然后尽可能在可用的资金上实现这一点。

  如果有钱可以为演员着装而不用求助自己供应的物品,最好是安排所有的切割和固定在一起的服装是由一个或两个有经验的人比得到完成的团体和个人。当钱很少或根本没有钱的时候,衣服就需要减少到基本的必需品。斗篷和披肩变得非常珍贵,床单和大浴巾和浴巾都是很好的垂饰。不需要的窗帘和床罩可以裁剪成束腰外衣、长袍和裙子。如果是用天鹅绒或雪尼尔等厚织物制成的,就特别有价值。

  颜色应该集中在一起,这样就有了对比组的黑暗和光明,这将发现有助于视觉效果的实质。一大群人聚集在一堆颜色混杂的地面上,看起来毫无目的,缺乏戏剧性的影响。

  使用相同数量的头饰,无论制作多么简单,在与团队合作时总是有效的。如果这些都是纸板做的,并大胆地涂上颜色,成本几乎可以忽略不计。头盔、帽子和羽毛都将成为一场相当精彩的表演,即使服装只是最温和的或巧妙地覆盖着床单。同样的道理也适用于旗帜、盾牌和带有硬旗和花环的旗杆——任何有助于统一效果的东西。任何一种吸引眼球的设备都能给场景增添活力和刺激。

  以上就是文都网校四六级小编为大家提供的六级阅读模拟及答案。考生们想了解更多四六级备考课程、备考资讯,请点击文都网校四六级资讯站查询!有问题找文都☞☞☞详情咨询入口>>>

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