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六级英语阅读模拟及答案(三)

2019-04-17 17:26 来源:文都网校 阅读()

  攻克英语六级阅读除了要掌握阅读技巧外,多做模拟题是很关键的一步,俗话说的好“熟能生巧”,各位考生做完一套题后,可以参看六级阅读答案,看看正确率,发现自己的欠缺点,逐步改正。

  六级阅读模拟及答案:

  Questions 56 to 60 are based on the following passage.

  The "paperless office" has earned a proud place on lists of technological promises that did not come to pass. Surely, though, the more modest goal of he carbon-paperless office is within the reach of mankind? Carbon paper allows two copies of a document to be made at once. Nowadays, a couple of keystrokes can do the same thing with a lot less fuss.

  Yet carbon paper persists. Forms still need to be filled out in a way that produces copies. This should not come as a surprise. Innovation tends to create new niches( 合适的职业), rather than refill those that already exist. So technologies may become marginal, but they rarely go extinct. And today the little niches in which old technologies take refuge are ever more viable and accessible, thanks to the Internet and the fact that production no longer needs to be so mass; making small numbers of obscure items is growing easier.

  On top of that, a widespread Technology of nostalgia(技术怀旧 ) seeks to preserve all the ways people have ever done anything, simply because they are kind of neat. As a result technologies from all the way back to the stone age persist and even flourish in the modern world. According to What Technology Wants, a book by Kevin Kelly, one of the founders of Wired magazine, America's flintknappers (燧石) produce over a million new arrow and spear heads every year. One of the things technology wants, it seems, is to survive.

  Carbon paper, to the extent that it may have a desire for self-preservation, may also take comfort in the fact that, for all that this is a digital age, many similar products are hanging on, and even making comebacks. Indeed, digital technologies may prove to be more transient than their predecessors. They are based on the idea that the medium on which a file's constituent 0s and 1s are stored doesn't matter, and on Alan Turing's insight that any computer can mimic any other, given memory enough and time. This suggests that new digital technologies should be able to wipe out their predecessors completely. And early digital technologies do seem to be vanishing. The music cassette is enjoying a little renaissance, its very faithlessness apparently part of its charm; but digital audio tape seems doomed.

  So revolutionary digital technologies may yet discard older ones to the dustbin. Perhaps this will be the case with a remarkable breakthrough in molecular(分子的) technology that could, in principle, store all the data ever recorded in a device that could fit in the back of a van. In this instance, it would not be a matter of the new extinguishing the old. Though it may never have been used for MP3s and PDFs before, DNA has been storing data for over three billion years. And it shows no sign of going extinct.

  56. Which of the following is TRUE about the carbon paper?

  A) It is the key to paperless office.

  B) It will be replaced by the computer soon.

  C) It is more troublesome than the computer.

  D) It can hardly survive in the digital age.

  57. According to the passage, "viable" ( Line 4, Para. 2) means __

  A) secure

  B) dynamic

  C) feasible

  D) flexible

  58. Why does the author mention the example of What Technology Wants by Kevin Kelly?

  A) To point out that old Technology of nostalgia will flourish in the modern world.

  B) To illustrate the importance of flintknappers.

  C) To show that flintknapping is one of the stone age technologies.

  D) To prove that old technologies seemingly never die.

  59. What can be inferred about digital technologies?

  A) Digital audio tape will be vanished because of its accuracy.

  B) Digital technologies have been proved to outlive the old technologies.

  C) Early digital technologies will never go extinct.

  D) The future of digital technologies will be used for DNA research.

  60. The passage mainly concerned with

  A) the difficulty of the realization of paperless office

  B) the fact that newest technologies may die out while the oldest survive

  C) the reason why old technologies will never be on the edge of extinction

  D) the importance of keeping improving technologies all the time

  六级阅读答案:CCDAB

  六级阅读参考译文

  “无纸化办公室”在一系列没有实现的技术承诺中赢得了一个令人自豪的位置。当然,无碳纸办公室这个更温和的目标是人类能够实现的吗?复写纸允许一次复印两份文件。如今,只需敲击几下键盘就可以完成同样的事情,而且不那么麻烦。

  然而复写纸依然存在。表单仍然需要以产生副本的方式填写。这并不令人意外。创新往往会创造新的利基市场(合适的职业),而不是填满那些已经存在。因此,技术可能会变得边缘化,但它们很少会灭绝。今天,由于互联网和生产不再需要如此大规模的事实,旧技术赖以生存的小众市场变得越来越可行和容易获得;制造少量不知名的产品变得越来越容易。

  除此之外,一个普遍的怀旧技术(技术怀旧)寻求保护所有的人曾经做过什么,仅仅是因为他们的整洁。其结果是,从石器时代一直到现代世界的技术一直存在,甚至蓬勃发展。根据《科技想要什么,凯文·凯利的一本书,《连线》杂志的创始人之一,美国的flintknappers(燧石)生产超过一百万每年新箭头和矛。看起来,科技想要的东西之一就是生存。

  在某种程度上,复写纸可能有自我保护的愿望,但它也可能感到安慰的是,尽管这是一个数字时代,许多类似的产品仍在使用,甚至正在卷土重来。事实上,数字技术可能比它们的前辈更加短暂。它们基于这样一种观点,即存储文件组成部分0和1的介质无关紧要,也基于艾伦•图灵(Alan Turing)的洞见:只要有足够的内存和时间,任何计算机都可以模仿任何其他计算机。这表明,新的数字技术应该能够彻底消灭它们的前辈。早期的数字技术似乎正在消失。这盘音乐磁带正在经历一场小小的复兴,它的失信显然是其魅力的一部分;但数字音频磁带似乎注定要失败。

  因此,革命性的数字技术仍有可能将旧技术扔进垃圾箱。也许这将是一个了不起的突破的情况分子(分子的)技术可以,原则上,有史以来的所有数据存储在一个设备可以放进一辆面包车。在这种情况下,这将不再是新事物消灭旧事物的问题。虽然DNA可能从未用于mp3和pdf文件,但它已经存储数据超过30亿年了。而且它没有灭绝的迹象。

  以上就是文都网校四六级小编为大家提供的六级阅读模拟及答案。考生们想了解更多四六级备考课程、备考资讯,请点击文都网校四六级资讯站查询!有问题找文都☞☞☞详情咨询入口>>>

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