The 4t h Of July1—A Day Of Rejoicing
The 4 th of July is the most important holiday in theUSA, for it commemorates that famous day in 1776when the Americans declared their independence .Congress2 made the declaration in Philadelphia, andthat night in the city there were joyful celebrationsthat soon became nationwide. Ever since, the 4 th ofJuly has been marked in the American calendar asIndependence Day, and there are parades and festivities of all kinds.
The basic cause of the Americans’ struggle for independence against the mother country,England, was too much interference and intolerance from London and very littleunderstanding of American problems and pride. Most galling to the Americans was theassumption by the English Government and the King that they had a right to tax theirsubjects overseas without their consent and without giving them anything in return. 3
The British were divided. It was a war inspiring no patriotism.
As for the troops which the Government sent to fight the rebels, they were unenthusiastic andincompetent, especially their leaders.
The Americans had no army. In fact, it is quite possible that but for the extraordinary faithand leadership of George Washington, the revolution might have come to nothing. 4 He builtan army that remained loyal to him until the end, despite terrible hardships. He was a truefrontiersman. He had seen lands that he knew would make an independent America a mightynation. He was given valuable support by the two great patriots — Thomas Jefferson andBenjamin Franklin. 5 It was Franklin who helped persuade the French to come into the waragainst the British.
In 1781 a British army commanded by an exceptionally incompetent general, Lord Cornwallis,surrendered to the Americans at Yorktown6 , Virginia , and the war was over. Not longafterward, the 13 colonies became States and joined together in a Union.
The effect of the American Revolution was far-reaching. The Declaration of Independence drawnup by Thomas Jefferson is one of the most important documents ever published, and itdropped like a bombshell on the western world. Here are the two sentences which shook theruling classes of Europe.“We hold these truths to be self-evident, that all men are createdequal, that they are endowed by their Creator with certain unalienable rights, that among theseare life, liberty and the pursuit of happiness. ”7 The second sen048 tence was even moredisturbing to them:“That to secure these rights, governments are instituted among men,deriving their just powers from the consent of the governed. ”
Ⅰ. Chan ge the following verbs in parentheses into the irnoun forms:
1. Their ________( assume ) that their project under way was something entirely new provedto be untrue .
2. He showed strong ________( lead) during his first term in office.
3. The whole book is produced and edited in the ________( pursue) of excellence .
4. If your neighbors are too noisy then you have cause for ________( complain ) .
Ⅱ. Are these sta tements True or False according to the article ?
1. The 4 th of July is a day for rejoicing because Christopher Columbus discovered the NewWorld on this day.
2. In the British Parliament, there has achieved a consensus on fighting against the Americancolony.
3. The United States is originally composed of thirteen colonies.
4. It was Jefferson who persuaded the French to stand with themselves to fight against theBritish together.
Ⅰ. 1. assumption 2 . leadership 3 . pursuit4 . complaint Ⅱ. 1. F 2. F 3 . T 4 . F