四六级

2020英语四级阅读理解200篇:你喜欢哪种音乐?

时间:2020-10-20 来源:文都网校 浏览: 分享:

      英语四级阅读理解占总分的35%,相对来说比重较大,所以这部分对四级取得高分是关键,考生们需要多做题、多练习。小编为大家整理了英语四级阅读理解200篇精讲,希望可以帮助到大家。

      英语四级阅读理解200篇之文身:你喜欢哪种音乐?

      一项新研究表明,悲伤的音乐现在越来越受人们的欢迎。为什么人们选择听悲伤的音乐?在听这类音乐时,人们的大脑和身体中在发生着什么变化?本文围绕这项研究,浅谈为什么悲伤的音乐能让我们中的一些人感到快乐。

      What would life be like without music? Songs and tunes fill our lives, affecting our emotions, bringing back memories and sometimes making us dance. There is a song for everyone and for every occasion, but it seems that it’s sad music that moves us most.

      Sad music certainly does its job in making us depressed, emotional, and causing us to sob – it’s something we might listen to after a break-up, for example. And a recent study has shown why some people are hooked on sad music. Professor David Huron from Ohio State University conducted the research and looked at the difference between people who love to listen to sad music and those who can’t stand it.

      He told the BBC radio programme The Why Factor that it comes down to a natural hormone called prolactin. He says: “as you might have guessed from the name, it's associated with ‘lactation’ from breast-feeding. When people cry, they also release prolactin. And, there are circumstances in which prolactin seems to have this comforting effect.” It seems that people who like sad music are maybe getting too much prolactin, or more than is normal, and when they hear sad, downbeat music, it gives them a good feeling. But if prolactin isn’t released, or there isn’t enough of it, some people find that sad sounds don’t help to cheer them up.

      Previous research by Durham University has also suggested that listening to sad music can trigger pain and sadness; but it can also provide comfort and even enjoyment. A high number of people they surveyed were cheered up by listening to supposedly sad songs. Though the feeling may not be exactly the same as happiness, it may be the ability to cope with the sadness that gives the feeling of comfort.

      So, reacting to sad music on the radio may have nothing to do with the melancholic sound of a string quartet or a singer who’s got the blues, but rather a natural chemical reaction taking place in our bodies. Maybe that explanation is music to your ears if you're wondering why you’ve be listening to Adele on repeat!

      词汇表

      emotion 情绪

      memory 记忆

      move 打动,感动

      depressed 消沉的,抑郁的

      sob 抽泣

      hooked 入迷的,上瘾的

      hormone 荷尔蒙

      prolactin 催乳素

      comforting 令人安慰的

      downbeat 低调的,悲观的

      cheer sb. up 使……高兴起来,使……振作

      trigger 引起,引发(坏事)

      comfort 安慰,慰籍

      enjoyment 愉悦感

      melancholic 忧郁的

      the blues 忧伤,悲哀

      music to your ears 好消息

      测试与练习

      1. 阅读课文并回答问题。

      1. What’s the name of the natural hormone that determines who does or doesn’t enjoy sad music?

      2. How might someone who doesn’t get enough of this natural hormone feel when they listen to sad music?

      3. True or false? People who enjoy sad music like the feeling of comfort it creates.

      4. According to research by Durham University, why might someone get a feeling of comfort by listening to sad music?

      5. Which word in the text means ‘deal successfully with a difficult situation’?

      2. 请在不参考课文的情况下完成下列练习。选择一个意思合适的单词填入句子的空格处。

      1. Seeing the poor conditions of some of the animals in the zoo really ______ to join an animal welfare charity.

      moving us                     move us                    moved us                     moved on

      2. I find a cup of hot, sweet tea very _______ after a long, cold winter walk.

      comforting                    melancholic                music to your ears       depressed

      3. News reports suggest it was the rise in temperature that _______ the avalanche.

      triggers                         trigger                        triggering                      triggered

      4. My friend sounded very _______ on the phone when she told me how her boyfriend had left her.

      hooked                         melancholic                sob                              comforting

      5. The announcement that we were all getting a pay rise was _______!

      music to my ears         ear music to me          music for my ears        music to an ear

      答案

      1. 阅读课文并回答问题。

      1. What’s the name of the natural hormone that determines who does or doesn’t enjoy sad music?

      The natural hormone is called prolactin.

      2. How might someone who doesn’t get enough of this natural hormone feel when they listen to sad music?

      If prolactin isn’t released in someone or there isn’t enough of it, they just find that sad sounds don’t help to cheer them up.

      3. True or false? People who enjoy sad music like the feeling of comfort it creates.

      True. Professor David Huron says when people cry, they also release prolactin. And, there are circumstances in which prolactin seems to have this comforting effect.

      4. According to research by Durham University, why might someone get a feeling of comfort by listening to sad music?

      It may be the ability to cope with the sadness that gives the feeling of comfort to people who enjoy listening to sad music.

      5. Which word in the text means ‘deal successfully with a difficult situation’?

      Cope. “Though the feeling may not be exactly the same as happiness, it may be the ability to cope with the sadness that gives the feeling of comfort.”

      2.请在不参考课文的情况下完成下列练习。选择一个意思合适的单词填入句子的空格处。

      1. Seeing the poor conditions of some of the animals in the zoo really moved us to join an animal welfare charity.

      2. I find a cup of hot, sweet tea very comforting after a long, cold winter walk.

      3. News reports suggest it was the rise in temperature that triggered the avalanche.

      4. My friend sounded very melancholic on the phone when she told me how her boyfriend had left her.

      5. The announcement that we were all getting a pay rise was music to my ears!

      以上就是文都网校四六级小编为大家提供的英语四级阅读理解200篇。考生们想了解更多四六级备考课程、备考资讯,请点击文都网校四六级资讯站查询!有问题找文都☞☞☞详情咨询入口>>>

    文都网校四六级交流群21:795167374【加群

    文都网校四六级交流群4:821773913【加群

    文都网校四六级交流群24:795633972【加群

    文都网校四六级交流群1:718189986【加群

    热门课程
    热文排行