四六级

2020年6月英语六级阅读长难句解析(21-24)

时间:2020-01-14 15:48:11 来源:文都网校 分享:

  英语六级阅读中长句的理解是让我们感到很困难的部分,文都网校四六级小编分享六级阅读长难句解析给大家,希望能够给大家提供思考角度,文章底部还解题技巧哦!

  英语六级阅读长难句解析

  21. He’s a historian of science at Massachusetts Institute of Technology who has discovered something else these two men-and, indeed, most of the major pioneers in science over the last 400 years-have in common: they were, like Sulloway himself, preceded in birth by at least one other brother or sister. (1992. 阅读. 6. Text 4)

  【译文】他是麻省理工学院的一名科学历史学家,他发现了这两位科学家——实际上也是过去400年里多数科学界领军人物的共同点:那些人和Sulloway自己一样都至少由一个哥哥或姐姐。

  【析句】复合句。主句He's a historian of science at MIT,后面是定语从句who has discovered something else,these two men-...-have in common是省略了关系代词that的定语从句修饰something else,破折号内的内容and most of the major pioneers...作插入语。最后,引号后的句子是something else的具体内容。

  22. In our culture, the sources of what we call a sense of “mastery”—feeling important and worth-while-and the sources of what we call a sense “pleasure”-finding life enjoyable-are not always identical. (1994. 阅读. 1. Text 4)

  【译文】在我们的文化中,我们常说的“控制感”——感觉自己很重要有价值,与“快乐感”——发现生活的乐趣,它们的来源是不尽相同的。

  【析句】例句1句子看起来很长,但结构并不复杂。句子主干是the sources of... and the sources of...are not always identical,有两个并列的主语the sources of,而两个of后各有一个what引导的宾语从句what we call a sense of...。同时,主语后各有一个现在分词伴随状语,位于破折号后。

  23. Ironically, those things that keep us from knowing another person too well (e.g., secrets and deceptions) may be just as important to the development of satisfying relationship as those things that enable us to obtain accurate knowledge about a person (e.g., disclosure and truthful statements). (1995. 阅读1. 1. Text 1)

  【译文】让人感到讽刺的是,那些阻碍我们了解别人的东西(比如秘密和欺骗)对于培养令人满意的友谊,或许与那些使我们准确了解别人的东西(比如坦白和真话)同样重要。

  【析句】复合句。主句是those things may be just as important to...as those things,包含了as...to sb/sth as...比较级结构。主语those things后有定语从句that keep us from knowing another person too well,而介词宾语those things后也有that引导的定语从句修饰,这样就使得整个句子的结构前后对称,工整顺口。

  24. Interestingly, though, the rise of the unattractive overnight successes was attributed more to personal relationships and less to ability than was that of attractive overnight successes. (1995. 阅读. 6. Text 2)

  【译文】但是,有趣的是,比起长相漂亮的人,长相不美者的迅速成功更容易归功于个人关系助力,而非能力卓越。

  【析句】这也是个比较句。比较结构是the rise of the unattractive overnight successes was attributed more to...and less to...than was that of...,比较的对象是the rise of the unattractive overnight success与was that of attractive overnight success,其中that指代the rise。而比较的形式是动词词组attribute to的比较级,且由and连接两个并列的比较级。

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