四六级

2020年6月英语六级阅读长难句解析(17-20)

时间:2020-01-14 15:48:11 来源:文都网校 分享:

  英语六级阅读中长句的理解是让我们感到很困难的部分,文都网校四六级小编分享六级阅读长难句解析给大家,希望能够给大家提供思考角度,文章底部还解题技巧哦!

  英语六级阅读长难句解析

  17. The theoretical separation of living, working, traffic and recreation which for many years has been used in town-and-country planning, has in my opinion resulted in disproportionate attention for forms of recreation far from home, whereas there was relatively little attention for improvement of recreative possibilities in the direct neighbourhood of the home. (1991. 阅读. 12月. Text 4)

  【译文】多年来,生活、工作、交通、娱乐分离的理论,一直被用于城市乡镇规划中,在我看来,这会造成人们过度关注远离居民区的娱乐方式,,然而却很少有人关注家附近消遣方式的改善。

  【析句】复合句。主句是The theoretical seperation of... resulted in disproportionate attention,其中,recreation后有which引导的定语从句which has been used in town-and-country planning。逗号后,whereas为从属连词,引导表示对比或与主句意思相反的状语从句,比较正式。

  18. The very best standard of living is nothing if it is not possible to take a pleasant walk in the district, if the children cannot be allowed to play in the streets, because the risks of traffic are too great, if during shopping you can nowhere find a spot for enjoying for a moment the nice weather, in short, if you only feel yourself at home after the street-door of your house is closed after you. (1991. 阅读. 12月. Text 4)

  【译文】如果你不能在街区里悠闲地散步,如果孩子们因为巨大的交通危险性而不能在街道上玩耍,如果在购物时找不到一处可以欣赏一会美景的地点,如果只是在临街门关上之后才觉得自己身在家中,那么再好的生活条件都毫无价值。

  【析句】汉语中的排比句能够增强文中的感情色彩,加强语气,英语中也同样如此。主句The very best standard of living is nothing, 后面是四个并列的if条件状语从句,具体来说,第四个是前三个的总结。其中,第二个条件状语从句中,又包含because引导的原因状语从句。

  19. This is a difficult and unpleasant business and few animals would survive if they had to start from the beginning and learn about the world wholly by trial and error, for there are the have possible decisions which would prove fatal. (1992. 阅读. 6. Text 2)

  【译文】这是个困难而又糟糕的事,因为如果动物出生后不得不从头学习生存本领,并且仅仅依靠尝试错误体验世界,那么只有极少数动物能够存活,因为它们做出的决定有可能是致命的。

  【析句】复合句。主句由and连接两个并列句子组成,This is a difficult and unpleasant business and few animals would survive, and前的句子是简单句,and后的句子后又跟有if引导的条件状语从句和for引导的原因状语从句for there are decisions,decisions又有which引导的定语从句修饰。

  20. Vigorous criticism is constructive in science more than in some other areas of human endeavor because in it there are adequate standards of validity which can be agreed upon by competent scientists the world over.(1992. 阅读. 6. Text 3)

  【译文】激烈的批评在科学界比在其他人类智慧领域更能起到建设性的作用,这是因为在科学世界里有足够多的有效标准,这些标准被全世界的优秀科学家们共同认可。

  【析句】复合句。主句Vigorous criticism is constructive in science more than in some other areas of human endeavor,句中主要包含了比较级,具体是介词短语的比较级。主句后是原因状语从句because there are adequate standards of validity,定语从句which can be agreed upon by...修饰standards of validity。

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