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四级词汇下载:who (whom) 和that的用法区别

时间:2019-11-19 13:55:29 来源:文都网校 分享:

  词汇是英语四级学习的基础,对于考生来说,仅仅背下单词本身,意义不大,重要的是要知道四级词汇用法,下面就给大家介绍一下,更多四级词汇下载、四级词汇表下载到文都网校四六级网。

  who (whom) 和that的用法区别

  在定语从句中,关系代词who (whom) 和that都可指人和物,在一般情况下,可以互换使用,但在下列情况下值得注意:

  一、用who (whom) 而不用that的情形

  (1) 在非限制性定语从句中的先行词指人时,只能用who (whom)。

  如:

  My sister, who is studying abroad, sent me a beautiful present just before this Christmas. 我姐姐,她在国外学习,就在圣诞节前给我寄来了漂亮的礼物。

  (2) 当定语从句对指人的先行词进行隔位修饰时,只能用who (whom)。

  如:

  Do you know the girl in front of the blackboard who is speaking to the students? 你认识黑板前面正在给学生们讲话的那位女孩子吗?

  (3) 当先行词为people和those时,只能用who (whom)。

  如:

  Those who want to go there come here please. 那些想去那儿的人请来这边。

  (4) 当先行词为one, ones, anyone, everyone, none, all(指人) 时,只能用who (whom)。

  如:

  Anyone who is against us is our enemy. 任何反对我们的人就是我们的敌人。

  (5) 先行词指人,而关系代词在从句中作主语时,一般多用who。

  如:

  The man who came here yesterday said he would come again in a few days. 昨天来这儿的那个人说过几天他会再来。

  (6) 在there be句型中名词的定语从句多用who (whom)。

  如:

  There are students in our class who / whom you have met. 我们班有些学生你见过。

  (7) 当句子中有两个指人的现行词分别带有两个定语从句时,若一个定语从句的引导词为that, 那么,另一个定语从句的引导词必定为who。

  如:

  The boy that you met just now is Li Ming’s brother who just graduated from a university. 刚才你会到的那个男孩是李明的刚从大学毕业的弟弟。

  二、用that 而不用who (whom)的情形

  (1) 当先行词前面有形容词的或序数词修饰时,引导词只能用that。

  如:

  The tallest player that plays football for our team is from Shandong. 在为我们队踢足球的最高哪个运动员来自山东。

  (2) 当先行词前面有only, some, any, no, every, little, few, much, all, very形容词修饰时,引导词只能用that。如:

  He is the only student that said “no” to the teacher. 他是唯一的一个对老师说“不”的学生

  (3) 当主句是以who开头的特殊疑问句时,引导词只能用that。

  如:

  Who is woman that you talked with just now? 刚才跟你谈话的那位妇女是谁?

  (4) the same as 与 the same that

  the same as所引导定语从句的内容与先行词同类而不同物;the same that表示所引导的从句内容与先行词同类同物,即:同一事物。

  如:

  She is wearing the same coat that I lost a few days ago. 她正穿着我几天前所丢失的上衣。(暗含:她偷了我的上衣)

  She is wearing the same coat as I lost a few days ago. 她正穿着跟我几天前所丢失的上衣同样的上衣。(暗含:她所穿的上衣不是我所丢失的那一件)

  以上就是文都网校四六级小编为大家提供的英语四级词汇用法,考生们想了解更多四六级备考课程、备考资讯,到文都网校四六级资讯站查询!有问题找文都☞☞☞详情咨询入口>>>

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