四六级

2019年12月英语四级全套模拟试卷(第13套)

时间:2019-09-29 13:49:24 来源:文都网校 分享:

  2019年上半年英语四六级成绩已经正式发布了,欣喜也罢,悲伤也罢,总之2019年下半年备考要准备起来了,文都网校给大家准备了四级模拟题,下面是四级模拟试卷全套之一,赶紧一起来看起来吧!

  英语四级模拟试卷

  Part I Writing (30 minutes)

  Directions: For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to write a composition on the topic." One Way to Solve the Problem. You should write at least 120 words according to the outline given below in Chinese."

  1.机动车被看作是空气污染的首要原因

  2.提出解决这一问题的方法

  3.并说明原因

  One Way to Solve the Problem

  To deal with the air pollution caused by vehicles in cities is a challenging job. My suggestion is to produce vehicles powered by solar energy.

  Compared with mineral fuels such as gasoline, solar energy is inexhaustible in supply. The growth of cities and increase of vehicles call for more supply of energy, but there is a limit to the reserve of mineral fuels. So solar energy with its endless supply is one of our solutions to energy crisis. The second advantage of solar energy is its cleanliness. Traditional vehicles operating on gasoline give of exhaust, causing damage to human health and polluting the air. From the perspective of environmental protection, solar energy is a much better choice. After the new technology becomes economically feasible, the sky over cities will be brighter, and the air will no longer be a threat to our health.

  Because of the two benefits of using solar energy as a new fuel, we should spend more money on the research which can make our dream come true.

  Part II Reading Comprehension (Skimming and Scanning)(15 minutes)

  Story Reader

  About Story Reader Parents dearly hope their children learn to read well. They also hope their children learn to read quickly and easily, so that they’re ready for the demands put on them by school and the world.

  Kids want to learn how to read, but they also crave entertainment, whether it’s quiet and passive or dynamic and interactive. The aims of the Story Reader line of electronic books are to entertain children and to introduce them to the process of learning how to read in a gentle and enjoyable way. In this article, we’ll show you how Story Reader works and if it accomplishes that goal.

  Story Reader is a compact, roughly 12-inch-by-12-inch plastic case (with a carrying handle ) that opens to reveal an actual book that fits snugly into the Reader itself. Story Reader’s core feature is that it "reads" the book aloud to a child as he follows along. The child turns the pages when prompted by the Story Reader or at his own pace.

  Books have both text and illustrations. The electronic book responds to the child’s wishes. The Story Reader speaks the text for the current page. If the child turns back a few pages, the Reader recognizes that page and reads it again. Kids react well to this interactivity because it instills a sense of cuntrol over the story.

  There are Three Story Reader Products

  The basic Story Reader, introduced in 2003, is as described above and is intended for kids three years of age and older.

  Each book has a small companion cartridge that slides into a port on the case and contains the audio encoded into its memory for the story.

  The device has a volume control but no on/off switch--a deliberate choice so kids can simply open it up and begin reading. It takes four AAA batteries (or operates on household current with an optional adaptor) and retails for around $20.

  Find out more information about the more than 60 titles at the Story Reader website.

  Early in 2006, Publications International, Ltd.--Story Reader’s publisher--introduced My First Story Reader, designed for newborns to kids up to age three. As with the original, a narrator reads the story aloud, this time from a 12-page book made from a heavier paperstock that includes sound effects and music to enliven the experience.

  My First Story Reader features two play modes, one with narration, the other that asks questions about the images on each page. The child can press any of three buttons to answer basic questions about shapes and colors. The last two pages of each My First Story Reader book features a sing-along rhyming melody. My First Story Reader retails for about $20.

  Late in 2006, Publications International introduced a video version of Story Reader called Story Reader Video Plus for kids up to the age of seven. Retailing for about $35, it combines a stand-alone Story Reader with an "Animated Story Mode"

  that plays through your television and includes a "Learning Game Mode". The Animated Story Mode works just as it sounds--when you connect it to your television through color-coded cables, the story appears on screen and changes as your child turns the pages. Kids get to the Learning Game Mode by turning to the last page of the book. There, they can choose from five educational games. While it depends on the story, generally there are pattern games, memory games, and platform games. Similar to Nintendo games like Super Mario Brothers, in a platform game the child uses the included controller to guide him through the environment and conquer obstacles.

  Story Reader Video Plus isn’t a video game, technically, and Publications International bills the Story Reader line more as electronic books than toys. This reassures many parents, and it’s why Story Reader is sold in bookstores and in the book section of major retailers.

  What about the Educational Underpinnings of Story Reader?

  Studies show an alarming decline in reading rates among all age groups in America, especially among the young.

  Children are bombarded on a daily basis with multiple forms of entertainment that compete with traditional learning.

  Kids naturally emulate the adults in their lives, and seeing their parents and other family members enjoy reading is a powerful motivator. Establishing and keeping a Read-At-Home Night helps families spend time together and helps form lifelong reading habits in children.

  Here’s how you do it:

  · Set aside one night a week in your household and call it "Read-At-Home Hour"--or anything you prefer. Establish a time allotment that works for your family, for example, 30 minutes or an hour.

  · Minimize interruptions from the TV, computer, and video games--and turn on the telephone answering machine.

  · Choose one book for the entire family to read aloud together, or encourage individual family members to choose their own books to read quietly. Electronic books can work in this context, as well.

  · Finally, sit down, relax, and read.

  注意:此部分试题请在答题卡1上作答;8-10题在答题卡1上。

  1. The aims of the Story Reader line of electronic books are __

  [A] to entertain and teach children

  [B] to play with the child

  [C] to ease the parents’ burden

  [D] to ease the teachers’ burden

  2. Story Reader’s key characteristic is that __

  [A] it "reads" the book which the child likes

  [B] it "reads" the book while the child plays

  [C] it "reads" the book while the child follows along

  [D] it "reads" the book while the parent works

  3. Children __ are suitable users of the basic Story Reader.

  [A] up to six months old

  [B] up to age one

  [C] up to age two

  [D] up to age three

  4. The basic Story Reader for sale is about __

  [A] 12 dollars

  [B] 20 dollars

  [C] 35 dollars

  [D] 60 dollars

  5. My First Story Reader is characteristic with

  [A] two play modes

  [B] three play modes

  [C] four play modes

  [D] five play modes

  6. Story Reader Video Plus is a video version of Story Reader designed for __

  [A] newborns to kids up to age three

  [B] newborns to kids up to age seven

  [C] children up to the age of five

  [D] children up to the age of seven

  7. How many games can children choose from the Animated Story Mode?

  [A] four

  [B] five

  [C] six

  [D] seven

  8. If the Story Reader speaks the text for the current page, but the child tums back a few pages, it will __________

  9. Late in 2006, we can infer that there were Story Reader products___________.

  10. Like Super Mario Brothers, children in a platform game use the included controllers to__________】

  Part Ⅱ Reading Comprehension (Skimming and Scanning)

  文章精要

  文章向读者介绍了Story Reader(故事小宝贝)及其相关产品的情况。文章最后还指出,美国儿童现阶段的阅读现状尤其需要受到关注,并对家长提出了针对性的建议。

  1.A信息明示题。根据题干中的信息词the aims of the Story Reader定位到文章第一个标题的第二段,第二句话中提到Story Reader的目的是娱乐孩子同时告诉他们如何学习阅读,故本题选A。

  2.C信息明示题。根据题干中的信息词key characteristic和Story Reader可定位到文章第一个标题的第三段,该段中提到其主要特点是:孩子看着Story Reader展示的书页时,它能够大声为孩子朗读,故本题选C。

  3.D信息明示题。根据题干中的信息词the basic Story Reader可定位到文章的第二个标题部分,该部分第一段第一句告知读者,the basic Story Reader适用于3岁及3岁以上的儿童,故本题选D。

  4.B信息明示题。根据题干中的信息词the basic Story Reader可知应定位到第二个标题,而在该部分第二段第二句就提到,这种产品定价为20美元,故本题选B。

  5.A信息明示题。根据题干中的信息词My First Story Reader和characteristic可定位到文章第二个标题,由该部分第四段第一句可知,My First Story Reader的特色是它有两个播放模式,故本题选A。

  6.D信息明示题。根据题干中的信息词Story Reader Video Plus可定位到文章第二个标题,由该部分倒数第三段第一句可知,Story Reader Video Plus适用于7岁及以上儿童,故本题选D。

  7.B信息明示题。根据题干中的信息词the Animated Story Mode可定位到文章第二个标题,由该部分倒数第二段第三句可知,the Animated Story Mode有5个教育性的游戏,故本题选B。

  8.recognizes that page and reads it again。信息明示题。根据题干中的信息词Story Reader可定位到文章的第一个标题,由该部分的最后一段可知,Story Reader能够识别当前书页的变化,由此可以得出答案。

  9.three。信息明示题。根据题干中的信息词Story Reader products可定位到文章的第三个标题,由标题可知产品数目,再往下阅读可知,2006年末是截止时间,由此可以得出答案。

  10.guide them through the environment and conquer obstacles。信息明示题。根据题干信息词Super Mario Brothers可定位到文章第二个标题,由该部分倒数第二段可知,儿童可以通过内置控制器来引导自己通过游戏场景并且克服障碍,由此可以得出答案。

  Part IV Reading Comprehension (Reading in Depth) (25 minutes)

  Section A

  Questions 47 to 56 are based on the following passage.

  During sleep, the fatigue (疲劳 ) of the body 47 and recuperation (恢复 begins. The tired mind gathers new energy.

  Once awake, the memory improves, and annoyance and problems are seen in a better 48 .

  Some adults require little sleep; others need eight to ten hours in every twenty-four. __49__ sleep sixteen to eighteen hours daily and, as they grow older, the 50__ gradually diminishes. Young students may need twelve hours; university students may need ten. A worker with a 51 demanding job may also need ten, whereas an executive worker under great pressure may manage on six to eight. Many famous people are reputed to have required little sleep. Napoleon, Thomas Edison and Charles Darwin apparently 52 only four to six hours a night.

  Whatever your 53 need, you can be sure that by the age of thirty you will have slept for a total of more than twelve years. By that age you will also have developed a sleep __54 a favorite hour, a favorite bed, a favorite position, and a formula

  you need to follow in order to rest comfortably.

  Investigators have tried to find out how long a person can go without sleep. Several people have reached more than 115 hours, nearly five days, 55 animals kept awake for from five to eight days have died of exhaustion. The __55_ for haman

  beings is probably about a week.

  注意:此部分试题请在答题卡2上作答,

  Section B

  Passage One

  Questions 57 to 61 are based on the following passage.

  Americans are a very energetic and mobile people, always on the run, rushing from one appointment to another, from a PTA meeting to a social planning committee. They have very little time to spend preparing elaborate everyday meals to be eaten at leisure. In many homes it is rare for the whole family to sit down at supper together. Clubs and commitments force them to grab a quick meal rather than a sit-down supper.

  When they do have the chance to eat at home often the working housewife prefers to prepare meals which can be quickly heated and consumed. It is no wonder, therefore, that America has become a sanctuary for fast food consumption.

  This great transformation occurred after World War II when many women began to work full-time jobs and were spending less time at home with their families. Women, however, wanted to function well in the capacity of home-maker, as well as that of career woman but time became a precious commodity which had to be carefully used.

  Therefore, it was necessary to make her life easier at home in the preparation of the family dinner. Simultaneously with women entering the job market there was also a shifting of the focus of home entertainment from the radio to the television.

  Television became the latest fad in the fifties and no one wanted to miss his or her favorite televised program. The place for the evening’s supper shifted from the dining room to the living room.

  As the customs changed, so did the culture. The immediate solution for this was the invention of the TV dinner. These were frozen meals which were sectioned off into portions of meat and vegetables. They could easily be popped into an oven and prepared within minutes. The tin trays in which they were served were conveniently carried into the living room and dinner was consamed in front of a TV set. Cleaning up afterwards was no problem. The tin trays were easily tossed into the garbage.

  From fast dinners at home the next step was quick eating while on the road. At this time also the love for TV was combined with the fascination for the automobile. It is not odd that with the development of the superhighways America saw the beginning of fast food chains. McDonald’s paved the way with its variety of burgers and shakes soon to be followed by all kinds of other foods. Today dozens of fast-food chain franchises can be found along highways, in modem shopping malls and scattered throughout neighborhoods in America. Taco Bell, Pizza Hut, Roy Roger’s, Burger King and Wendy’s are just a few of the fast-food chains which are now part of American culture. They offer chicken, donuts, tacos and pizza, all quickly produced in great quantities for the masses. These establishments have given shape to the modern lifestyles and diet of the American people.

  注意:此部分试题请在答题卡2上作答。

  57. Why Americans cannot eat elaborately prepared meals at leisure?

  [A] Because they don’t like cooking themselves,

  [B] Because there are more choices in the restaurants.

  [C] Because they have many things to do.

  [D] Because they can do nothing at leisure.

  58. Americans have been the consumers of fast food since

  [A] many women began to work full-time jobs

  [B] the invention of fast food

  [C] few women would like to be homemakers any more

  [D] the great reform after World War II

  59. Americans began to have supper in the living rooms because of

  [A] the attraction of the radio

  [B] their preference in fast food

  [C] the shift of home focus

  [D] the attraction of the television

  60. The fast food chains began to flourish with __

  [A] the development of the shopping malls

  [B] the development of the superhighways

  [C] the beginning of fast food chain franchises

  [D] the change of Americans’ lifestyles

  61. The main topic of the passage is __

  [A] the beginning of fast food chains

  [B] the changes of Americans’ eating customs

  [C] the transformation of lifestyles

  [D] the dieting of the American people

  Passage Two

  Questions 62 to 66 are based on the following passage.

  Car crashes are the leading cause of injury and death among U.S. children, and though most of us now think of car seats as standard baby equipment, about half of all children under the age of four who died in vehicle accidents last year were not restrained. It is calculated that only about two-thirds of children aged five to fifteen buckle their seat belts.

  Moreover, the traffic-safety agency estimates that even among parents who always strap their children in, 85% are not doing it properly. They often don’t know where best to place the kids, don’t use the proper restraint for their age and weight, or don’t install the safety seats properly. Despite the reports about front seats collapsing onto back seats when certain car models get in accidents, the safest place in the car for any child up to the age of 12 is still the back seat. Babies up to 9 kg and one year old should ride in rear-facing infant seats.

  Never place a child under age 12 in the front seat with a working passenger-side air bag. These devices are discharged at 320 km/h and can be triggered by low-speed fender benders. They have killed 77 kids in the U.S. since 1993. If you must place a child in front, make sure the passenger-side bag is switched off.

  Children over age one should ride in forward-facing safety seats with a five-point harness system. A child who weighs at least 18 kg or at least lm high can graduate to a booster seat that elevates her so that the standard shoulder and lap belt fits properly.

  注意:此部分试题请在答题卡2上作答。

  62. What does the author mainly discuss in this passage?

  [A] How to avoid car crash.

  [B] How to design safer baby equipment.

  [C] How to educate children properly.

  [D] How to properly secure children in the ear.

  63. Which of the following is NOT among the "improper ways" mentioned in the passage?

  [A] They don’t know where best to place the child.

  [B] They don’t have the safety equipment for the child.

  [C] They don’t use the proper restraint for the kid’s age and weight.

  [D] They don’t install the safety seats properly.

  64. Which of the following is the best seat for the children under 12?

  [A] Forward-facing seats.

  [B] Rear-facing seats.

  [C] Front seats.

  [D] Back seats.

  65. The author indicates that a passenger-side air bag __

  [A] might not be dangerous if switched off

  [B] is designed for the safety of children

  [C] is discharged at 320 km/h and will not triggered by other factors

  [D] is not working ifa child sits in the seat

  66. What does the word "graduate" (Line 2, Para. 4) mean?

  [A] Finish schooling.

  [B] Change to something else.

  [C] Collapse.

  [D] Stand.

  Part Ⅳ Reading Comprehension(Reading in Depth)

  Section A

  文章精要

  睡眠能使人消除疲劳、恢复精力。本文主要介绍不同年龄阶段的人和不同工种的人的睡眠时间,并谈到了人保持清醒的时间。

  47.A答题时,看见and引导的两个并列句,可知动词时态需一致,且主语为第三人称单数,在备选项中找动词单数形式即可。把选中的A带入原文,意为“睡眠能使人消除疲劳”,符合常识,故选A。

  48.C结合句意“一旦醒来,记忆力得到改善,然后就能以更好的_______来看待烦恼和问题”,名词中只有(

  (观点,角度)最符合文意。

  49.D所选词需首字母大写,在D、L中选择。上文提到成人每天所需的睡眠时间为8~10小时左右,由此可推断每天睡眠16~18个小时的应该是未成年人,D符合文意。

  50.B结合常识可知,随着年龄的增长,婴儿睡眠的时间(量)逐渐减少,故选项中B(数量)符合文意。

  51.G空格所在句主要提到A worker with a ______demanding job和an executive worker(行政工人)在睡眠时间上的对比,由此可推知前者应指体力劳动者,故G(身体上地)最符合文意。

  52,I此句差谓语,所以空格处应为动词,且主语都是过世的人,时态用过去式,故选I。意为“显而易见的是拿破仑、爱迪生和达尔文平均每晚只睡4-6个小时”。

  53.H空格处需填一形容词,在H、D之间选择。上文先列举了各类人包括名人的睡眠时间,按照逻辑,这里是说无论你的个人需求跟以上谈到的有何不同,故H符合文意。

  54.E结合句意“到那个年纪你也会养成一个睡眠_______:最佳的入眠时间、最喜欢的床、最喜欢的睡姿…”可知,E(习惯,惯例)最符合文意。

  55.K分析空格所在句,前半部分和后半部分形成对比关系,且此处应填入连词,选项中只有K符合。

  56.F上文提到有关人能坚持多久不睡的调查,由此可推测空格所在句指的是人不睡眠的时间,故F符合文意。

  Section B

  Passage One

  文章精要

  文章指出,现在美国人很少能全家人坐在一起慢慢地共享晚餐,取而代之的是食用便于加工的半成品食物以及各式快餐。热衷于各类活动,习惯开车,原本是家庭主妇的女性外出工作,这些都是美国人就餐习惯改变的原因。

  57.C综合推断题。文章首段指出,美国人精力充沛,总是四处奔忙,赶着赴一个又一个约会,赶着参加各种

  活动。他们没有时间精心准备饭菜,也没时间悠闲地吃饭,许多家庭很少坐在一起吃晚饭。为了参加俱乐部和社团活动,他们常胡乱地吃口饭,由此推断,美国人有许多事要做,因此无法悠闲地吃精心准备的饭菜,故选C。

  58.A 综合推断题。文章第二段指出,美国成为快餐的消费大国;第三段指出,巨大的转变是在“二战”后发生的,当时许多女性开始做全职工作,在家与家人共处的时间减少了,她们想在做好家庭主妇的同时尽好职业女性的本分,因此要合理地利用时间,由此推断,自从大量女性开始做全职工作,原本的主妇不再有时间做饭,所以美国人经常食用快餐,故选A。

  59.D综合推断题。文章第四段指出,在女性开始工作的同时,家庭娱乐的重心由收音机转向了电视,没人愿意错过自己喜爱的电视节目,因此吃晚餐的地点由饭厅转换到了起居室,由此推断,美国人开始在起居室吃饭是由于电视的吸引,故选D。

  60.B信息明示题。文章最后一段第三句指出,随着高速公路的发展,美国出现了快餐连锁店,由此可知,快餐连锁店的繁荣发展是伴随着高速公路的发展而进行的,故选B。

  61.B 主旨题。文章首段指出,美国人现在四处奔忙,很少有时间悠闲地享用家里做的饭菜;第二段提到,他们在家通常吃方便食品;第三段指出,美国人饮食习惯的转变是由于“二战”后女性开始做全职工作;第四、五段指出,随着电视的流行,又出现了适合边看电视边吃的速冻快餐;最后一段指出,随着高速公路的发展,快餐连锁店开始繁荣起来。综合可知,文章的主题是美国人饮食习惯的转变,故选B。

  Passage Two

  文章精要

  在美国,造成儿童车祸死亡的一大原因是他们没有受到适当的保护。文章论述了应该如何根据儿童的年龄、体重、身高等正确使用安全座椅或安全带以保护他们在车里的安全。

  62.D主旨题。文章指出,造成儿童车祸死亡的一大原因是他们没有受到适当的保护,文章还介绍了如何根据儿童的年龄、体重、身高等正确使用安全座椅或安全带以保护他们在车中的安全,所以D正确。

  63.B信息明示题。文章第二段第二句指出,家长通常不知道让孩子坐哪里最好,或是他们没有用适合孩子的安全带,或是安全座椅安装得不正确,即A、C、D都是不恰当的行为,但并没有提及B项,故选B。

  64.D信息明示题。文章第二段最后指出,the safest place in the car for any child up to the age of 12 is still the back seat,即12岁以下的孩子应该坐车后座,所以D正确。

  65.A综合推断题。文章第三段最后一句指出,如果你不得不让孩子坐车前座,你就必须关掉前座旁的安全气囊,由此推断,关掉后的安全气囊对孩子应该没有危险,所以A正确。

  66.B语义题。文章最后一段指出,“体重超过18公斤或高于1米的孩子可以_______儿童增高座椅。”选项中A意为“毕业”,B意为“改换”,C意为“倒塌”,D意为“站立”,只有B符合句意,为答案。

  Part V Cloze (15 minutes )

  注意:此部分试题请在答题卡2上作答。

  As the pace of life continues to increase, we are fast losing the art of relaxation. Once you are in the 67 of rushing through life, being on the go from morning till night, it is hard to 68 down. But relaxation is essential for a 69 mind and body.

  Stress is natural part of everyday life and there is no way to 70 it. In fact, it is not the bad thing it is often 71 to be. A certain amount of stress is vital to provide 72 and give purpose to life. It is only 73 the stress gets out of control that it can lead to 74 performance and ill health.

  The amount of stress arsons can withstand depends very much 75 the individual. Some people are not afraid of stress, and 76 characters are obviously prime material for managerial responsibilities. Others lose 77 at the first signs of unusual difficulties. When 78 to stress, in whatever form, we react both chemically and 79 .

  In fact we make choice between "flight and fight" and in more primitive days the choices made the difference __8_0_life and death. The crises we meet today are ~8_1__ to be so extreme, but however little the stress, it 82 the same response. It is when such a reaction lasts long, through continued 83 to stress, that health becomes 84 Such serious conditions as high blood pressure and heart diseases have 85 links with stress. Since we cannot 86 stress from our lives (it would be unwise to do so even if we could), we need to find ways to deal with it.

  67. [A] routine

  [B] habit

  [C] principle

  [D] rule

  68. [A] slow

  [B] count

  [C] hold

  [D] knock

  69. [A] basic

  [B] wealthy

  [C] healthy

  [D] potential

  70. [A] avoid

  [B] manifest

  [C] surpass

  [D] pursue

  71. [A] suspected

  [B] surrendered

  [C] suspended

  [D] supposed

  72. [A] consideration

  [B] confidence

  [C] motivation

  [D] inspiration

  73. [A] when

  [B] which

  [C] why

  [D] what

  74. [A] prevalent

  [B] poor

  [C] primary

  [D] productive

  75. [A] to

  [B] at

  [C] in

  [D] on

  76. [A] such

  [B] as

  [C] so

  [D] thus

  77. [A] eyesight

  [B] heart

  [C] direction

  [D] interest

  78. [A] promised

  [B] encouraged

  [CJexposed

  [D] propelled

  79. [A] biochemically

  [B] physically

  [C] spiritually

  [D] materially

  80. [A} between

  [B] among

  [C] alike

  [D] into

  81. [A] unalike

  [B] unaware

  [C] unlikely

  [D] unknown

  82. [A] concludes

  [B] excludes

  [C] dissolves

  [D] involves

  83. [A] explosion

  [B] exposure

  [C] extension

  [D] expansion

  84. [A] endangered

  [B] inspired

  [C] harmful

  [D] frustrated

  85. [A] established

  [B] created

  [C] constructed

  [D] built

  86. [A] isolate

  [B] apart

  [C] refrain

  [D] remove

  Part Ⅴ Cloze

  文章精要

  文章指出,随着生活节奏的不断加快,人们越来越失去放松的快感。压力是生活中自然的一部分,而且无法避免。一定的压力会提供动机并赋予生命意义,但压力过度会对身体造成不良的影响。既然我们不能消灭压力,那么我们就需要找到一些减压的方法。

  67.B词义辨析题。空格所在句意为:一旦你处于这种忙于生活奔波、早晚马不停蹄的______中……。habit符合句意,所以B正确。routine意为“例行公事,常规”;principle意为“原则;原理”。

  68.A词义辨析题。文章首句就指出,现在的生活节奏不断加快,空格后是down,由此可知,空格所在句意是:……很难慢下来。所以A正确。

  69.C词义辨析题。空格所在句意为:但是放松对于_______的精神和身体是基本的。healthy符合句意,所以C正确。potential意为“潜在的;可能的”。

  70.A词义辨析题。空格所在句意为:压力是每天生活中很自然的一部分,并且无法去______它。avoid符合句意,所以A正确。manifest意为“表明;出现”;surpass意为“超越,胜过”;pursue意为“追赶;从事”。

  71.D 惯用搭配题。空格所在句意为:事实上,这并不像它经常_________的那样是个坏事。be supposed to do表示“应该,被期望”,符合句意,所以D正确。suspect意为“猜想;怀疑”;surrender意为“投降;放弃”; suspend意为“悬挂;延缓”。

  72.C词义辨析题。空格后的and说明provide_______和give purpose to life相并列。再看选项,能与“赋予生命意义”相并列的只有“提供动机”,所以C正确。

  73.A逻辑衔接题。空格所在句意为:只有在压力失控_______,才能导致……when符合句意,所以A正确。

  74.B,词义辨析题。由and可以看出_______performance和ill health并列,poor符合句意,所以B正确。

  prevalent意为“普遍的,流行的”;primary意为“主要的;初级的”。

  75.D惯用搭配题。选项中能与depend搭配的只有on,表示“依赖;取决于”,所以D正确。

  76.A词义辨析题。空格所在句意为:一些人不害怕压力,而且________性格很显然是管理责任的主要因素。由and可知,空格后的“性格”就是指前面“不害怕压力的性格”,所以such符合句意,A正确。

  77.B词义辨析题。空格所在句意为:其他人刚遇到不常见的困难就失去_________。heart符合句意,lose heart意思是“失去勇气”,所以B正确。eyesight意为“视力”。

  78.C词义辨析题。空格所在句意为:当_____不管是什么样的压力时,我们……exposed符合句意,所以C正确。be exposed to意思是“遭受,暴露于……”。propel意为“推进,驱使”。

  79.B词义辨析题。由空格前的both…and…可知,空格和chemically是并列关系,physically符合句意,所以B正确。

  80.A惯用搭配题。由句意可知,空格处表示在生和死之间做出选择,between表示“在……之间”,用于两者之间;among表示“在……之中”,用于三者或以上的情况,所以A正确。

  81.C逻辑衔接题。空格所在句意为:我们今天遇到的危机________会这么极端,但是……。选项中都有否定前缀un-,由此可知,空格处表示否定,只有unlikely符合句意,所以C正确。

  82.D词义辨析题。空格所在句意为:……但是,不管压力多么小,它都_______同样的反应。四个选项A“结论”、B“排除”、C“解散”、D“包括”,只有involves符合句意,所以D正确。

  83.B词义辨析题。空格所在句意为:……通过对压力的不断,四个选项:A“爆炸”、B“暴露”、C“延长”、D“扩展”,只有exposure符合句意,所以B正确。

  84.A词义辨析题。由前面提到的“持续暴露在压力之下”可知,这肯定会使健康受到威胁,所以endangered符合句意,A正确。inspired意为“有灵感的”;frustrated意为“失败的,落空的”。

  85.A 词义辨析题。空格所在句意为:这些像高血压、心脏病等危险的情况都和压力有________的联系。由此可知,空格处应该是建立起联系。create指创造;construct指通过装配或组合部件而构成;build指通过组合材料或部分而形成;establish符合句意,所以A正确。

  86.D词义辨析题。空格所在句意为:既然我们不能把压力从我们生活中(即使我们能,这样做也很不明智),我们需要找出处理它的方法。四个选项分别为:A“隔离”、B“分开的”、C“制止”、D“除去”,只有remove符合句意,所以D正确。

  Part VI Translation (5 minutes)

  注意:此部分试题在答题卡2上;请在答题卡2上作答。

  87.But for the assistance from the government,__________________ (这家公司可能已经在经济危机中倒闭了).

  88.The team seemsto__________________ (失去了竞争优势)recently because of the injury of its leading player.

  89.He speaks English well indeed,but__________________ (当然没有像本国人说的那么流利).

  90.__________________ (我本该昨天离开北京),but I didn’t because of somethingemergency.

  91.That is__________________(我所读过的最有趣的书之一).

  Part Ⅵ Translation

  87.the company would have gone bankrupt during the economic crisis

  本题考查虚拟语气的用法。But for意为“要不是……”,与虚拟语气连用,作用等同于条件状语从句,当表示与过去事实相反时,从句中要用had+过去分词结构,主句中则用 would/should/could/might+have+过去分词,本句是与过去事实相反的假设,“倒闭”可译成go bankrupt,“经济危机”可译成economic crisis,由此得到答案the company would have gone bankrupt during the economic crisis。

  88.have lost its competitive advantage/edge

  本题考查动词不定式的完成时用法。句中的时间状语recently说明动作已经完成,因此要用完成时。“竞争优势”可译成competitive advantage或者competitive edge,故可得答案have lost its competitive

  advantage/edge。

  89.of course not as fluently as a native speaker

  考查省略句和as…as结构的用法。“当然”可译成of course,“和……一样”可译成as…as,“流利”是副词,可译成fluently,“本国人”可译成a native speaker,所以“当然没有像本国人说的那么流利”即可译成of course he does not speak English as fluently as a native speaker does,英语句中,如果句子前后有一致的主语和谓语,

  为了避免重复,通常会省掉重复的部分,由此得到答案。

  90.I should have left Beijing yesterday

  表示“本应……,但实际上却没有”可译为should have done的结构。

  91.one of the most interesting books that I have read

  “最有趣的书之一”可译作0ne of the most interesting books,“我所读过的”可译作后置的定语从句,注意由于先行词前有修饰,所以关系代词只能用that而不能用which。

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