四六级

2019年12月英语四级全套模拟试卷(第12套)

时间:2019-09-26 16:56:53 来源:文都网校 分享:

  2019年上半年英语四六级成绩已经正式发布了,欣喜也罢,悲伤也罢,总之2019年下半年备考要准备起来了,文都网校给大家准备了四级模拟题,下面是四级模拟试卷全套之一,赶紧一起来看起来吧!

  英语四级模拟试卷

  Part Ⅱ

  Reading Comprehension(35 minutes)

  Directions: There are four passages in this part. Each passage is followed by some

  questions or unfinished statements. For each of them there are four choices marked A), B), C) and D). You should decide on the best choice and mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the center.

  Passage One

  Questions 21 to 25 are based on the following passage.

  If, at the end of a conversation somebody says to me, “as soon as I know, I’ll ring you up”, he is talking too much for granted. He is proposing to attempt the

  impossible. So I have to say, “I’m afraid you can’t. You see. I’m not on the telephone. I just haven’t got a telephone.”

  Why don’t you have a telephone Not because I pretend to cet4v.com as unusual. There are two chief reasons: because I don’t really like the telephone I find I can still work and play, eat, breathe and sleep without it. Why don’t I like the telephone Because I think it is a pest and a time-waster. It may create unnecessary suspense and anxiety, as when you wait for an expected call that doesn’t come; or irritating delay, as when you keep ringing a number that is always

  engaged. As for speaking in a public telephone box, which seems to me really horrible. You would not use it unless you were in a hurry, and because you are in a

  hurry you will find other people waiting before you. When you do get into the box, you are half asphyxiated by stale, unventilated air, flavored with cheap face

  -powder and chain-smoking; and by the time you have begun your conversation your

  back is chilled by the cold look of somebody who is fidgeting to take your place.If you have a telephone in your own house, you will admit that it tends to ring

  when you least want it to ring; when you are asleep, or in the middle of a meal or a conversation, or when you are just going out, or when you are in your bath.

  Are you strong-minded enough to ignore it, to say to yourself, “Ah, well, it will all be the same in a hundred years’ time.You are not. You think there may be some important news or message for you. Have you never rushed dripping from the bath, or chewing from the table, or dazed from the bed, only to be told that you are a wrong number

  Suppose you ignore the telephone when it rings, and suppose that, for once, somebody has an important message for you. I can assure you that if a message is really important it will reach you sooner or later. Think of the proverb: “ill news travels apace.” I must say good news seems to travel just as fast. And think of the saying: “the truth will out.” It will.

  21. The write does not like telephone in a public telephone box, because____.

  A) unventilated air

  B) it is far from his home

  C) it is not convenient

  D) he must pay for it

  22. In the third paragraph, “it will all be the same in a hundred years’

  time’ means ____.

  A) the phone has been the same thing for many years

  B) everything will remain the same thing whether I answer the phone or not

  C) the phone will not be changed in a hundred years

  D) the phone will not be changed for many years

  23. What does “the truth will out” mean in the last sentence

  A) The truth will become publicly.

  B) The truth will be truth.

  C) The truth will disappear.

  D) The truth will be hidden.

  24. Which of the following in the main idea of the passageA) It is not necessary to have a telephone because ill news travels just as fast as good news

  B) The writer states his reasons for not having a telephone

  C) The writer does not like the telephone at all.

  D) People can live a normal life without a telephone.

  25. What kind of person do you think the writer is

  A) Eccentric. B) Modern.

  C) Realistic. D) Idealistic.

  Passage Two

  Questions 26 to 30 are based on the following passage.

  Spending time in a bookshop can be most enjoyable, whether you are a book-lover or merely go there to buy a book as a present. You may even have entered the shop just to find shelter from a sudden shower. Whatever the reason, you can soon become totally unaware of your surroundings. The desire to pick up a cet4v.com attractive dust-jacket is irresistible, although this method of selection ought not to be followed, as you might end up with a rather dull book. You soon become engrossed in some book or other, and usually it is only much later that you realize

  you have spend too much time there and must dash off to keep some forgotten appointment-without buying a book, of course.This opportunity to escape the realities of everyday life is, I think, the main attraction of a bookshop. There are not many places where it is possible to do this. A music shop is very much like a bookshop. You can wander round such placesto your heart’s content. If it is a good shop, no assistant will approach you with the inevitable greeting: “can I help you, sir” You needn’t buy anything you

  don’t want. In a bookshop an assistant should remain in the background until you have finished browsing. Then, and only then, are his services necessary. Of course, you may want to find out where a particular section is, but when he has led you there, the assistant should retire discreetly and look as if he is not interested in selling a single book.

  You have to be careful not to be attracted by the variety of books in a bookshop. It is very easy to enter the shop looking for a book on, say, ancient coins and to come out carrying a copy of the latest best-selling novel and perhaps a book about brass-rubbing-something which had only vaguely interested you up till then. This volume on the subject, however, happened to be so well illustrated and

  the part of the text you read proved so interesting, that you just had to buy it

  . This sort of thing can be very dangerous. Apart from running up a huge account

  , you can waste a great deal of time wandering from section to section.

  Book-seller must be both long-suffering and indulgent. There is a story which well illustrates this. A medical student had to read a text-book which was far too

  expensive for him to buy. He couldn’t obtain it from the library and the only copy he could find was in his bookshop. cet4v.com, therefore, he would go a

  long to the shop and read a little of the book at a time. One day, however, he was dismayed to find the book missing from its usual place and was about to leave when he noticed the owner of the shop beckoning to him. Expecting to be told off, he went towards him. To his surprise, the owner pointed to the book, which was tucked away in a corner, “I put it there in case anyone was tempted to buy it,” he said, and left the delighted student to continue his reading.

  26. Spending time in a bookshop____.

  A) can be very much enjoy

  B) can be very pleasant

  C) can be pleasure-giving

  D) can give you the greatest pleasure

  27. When you enter the bookshop to find a book, you will ____.

  A) become completely absorbed in the books without realizing where you are.

  B) become completely lost without any knowledge of your whereabouts.

  C) become completely unconscious in the bookshop.

  D) lose any sense of direction as to where you are.

  28. How should book sellers do

  A) He should be both suffer for a long time and satisfy customers’ wishes.

  B) He should be both endure and indulge for a long time.

  C) He should be both tender and lenient.

  D) He should be both patient and kind.

  29.Why did the owner of the shop put the book in a cornerA) He put it there in case anyone was persuaded to buy it

  B) He put it there in case anyone was inclined to buy it.

  C) He put it there in case anyone was attracted to buy it.D) He put it there in case anyone was fascinated to buy it.

  30.How should an assistant do in a good shop

  A) Help you to choose a book.

  B) Approach you with the inevitable greeting.

  C) Keep himself staying until you have finished glancing.

  D) Show his great interest in selling book.

  Passage Three

  Questions 31 to 35 are based on the following passage.

  In a world that is becoming more and more interdependent, there is an ever-increasing need to link communications systems on various continents and to provide live international television coverage. This need is now being met by the communications satellites.

  Communications satellites make use of technology that has been available for some time: the microwave radio relay. Microwave, which have a higher frequency than

  ordinary radio waves, are used routinely in sending thousands of telephone calls and television programs across long distances. They give high-quality performance, and they can carry many messages at the same time.

  But they has always been one problem in using radio relay in overseas communications. Although high-frequency waves can travel almost unlimited distances, they

  travel only in straight lines. Since the curvature of the earth limits a microwave’s line-of-sight path to about 30 miles, good cet4v.com a series of relay towers spaced every 30 miles or so. Obviously it isn’t possible to built these towers across the ocean. But by sending signals high up into the sky and then bouncing them back again to a far-off spot, we can send microwave messages long distances.

  As long ago as 1945, Arthur C. Clarke, an English science-fiction writer, proposed that manned “stationary” satellites be used to relay and broadcast electromagnetic communication signals. In 1945, of course, the idea of getting a satellite out into space seemed fantastic. But with ten years, satellites were close to reality. With the first launching of a satellite into orbit by the Soviet Union (Sputnik I) in 1957, the real development work on satellite communications began.

  Shortly thereafter, two successful satellites were launched in the United States, Echo I and Telstar I.

  The launching of the Telstar I satellite in 1962 marked a major step toward opening the era of commercial satellite communications. Echo I, a ten-story aluminum-coated balloon, was a “passive” target; it merely reflected weak signals back to the earth. But Telstar I was the first “active” satellite to pick up a broadband signal, amplify it, and transmit it back to the earth on a different frequency. The satellite’s transmission of transatlantic television thrilled millions.

  A few months after Telstar I went into orbit, Relay, a medium-altitude satellite launched by the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA), provided

  the first satellite communication between North and South America. Relay was followed by the Telstar II satellite, and by NASA’s Syncom series and its successors——all of them high-altitude (23,000 miles) satellites whose orbits are synchronous with the rotation of the earth so that this positions, if they could be seen from the earth, would appear to be fixed in one spot.

  Shortly before Telstar I was launched, the United States Congress established the Communications Satellite Corporation——Comsat——to develop a commercial satellite system as part of an improved global communications network. Comsat, which is owned partly by public investors and partly by communications carriers, represents the United States in the International Telecommunications Satellite Consortium-Intelsat-and acts as manager for that body. Since its inception in 1962, the corporation, in collaboration with Intelsat, has inaugurated commercial satellite transmission of telephone, television, and other telecommunications traffic between North America and Europe and North America and the Far East.

  The commercial satellite Intelsat IV was launched in June of 1972.This one-and-one-half-ton spacecraft multiplied by five times the space-borne relaying capacity linking Africa, Europe, Asia, and Australia. With the launching of Intelsat IV, full global coverage by communications satellites had at last been achieved.

  31. The first paragraph indicates ____.

  A) communications systems is becoming more and more independent

  B) link communications systems on various continents

  C) the need to link communications systems on various is ever-increasing

  D) this need is now being met by the communications satellites

  32.The maximum distance for high-frequency and straight line microwave tr

  ansmission is ____ miles.

  A) much more than 30

  B) less than30

  C) 30

  D) about 30

  33.The phrase “marked a major step”(Line 1,Para. 5) most probably means____.

  A) got significant step

  B) was an important advance

  C) made a progress

  D) marked in the history

  34.What is the author trying to tell us in the second paragraph

  A) Microwave radio relay.

  B) Microwave itself.

  C) Microwave’s transmission.

  D) Microwave’s value.

  35. In paragraph 6, “...whose orbits are synchronous with the rotation of the earth so that this positions,...” means ____.

  A) satellites are orbited in the same time with the rotation of the earth

  B) that moves as fast as the earth the earth turns round

  C) that travels in the same direction with the earth turns round

  D) that travels faster than the earth turns

  Passage Four

  Questions 36 to 40 are based on the following passage.

  Americans believe no one stands still. If you are not moving ahead, you are falling behind. This attitude results in a nation of people committed to researching

  , experimenting and exploring. Time is one of the two elements that Americans save carefully, the other being labor.

  “We are slaves to nothing but the clock,” it has been said. Time is treated as if it were something almost tangible. We budget it, save it, waste it, steal it,

  kill it, cut it, account for it; we also charge for it. It is a precious commodity. Many people have a rather acute cet4v.com shortness of each lifetime. Once the sands have run out of a person’s hourglass, they cannot be replaced. We want every minute to count.

  A foreigner’s first impression of the U. S. is likely to be that everyone is in

  a rush-often under pressure. City people appear always to be hurry to get where they are going, restlessly seeking attention in a store, elbowing others as t

  hey try to complete their errands. Racing through daytime meals is part of the pace of life in this country. Working time is considered precious. Others in public eating places are waiting for you to finish so they too can be served and get back to work within the time allowed. Each person hurries to make room for the next person. If you don’t, waiter will hurry you.

  You also find drivers will be abrupt and that people will push past you. You will miss smiles, brief conversations, small courtesies with strangers. Don’t take

  it personally. This is because people value time highly, and they resent someone else “wasting” it beyond a certain courtesy point.

  This view of time affects the importance we attach to patience. In the American system of values, patience is not a high priority. Many of us have what might be

  called “a short fuse.” We begin to move restlessly about if we feel time is slipping away without some return-be this in terms of pleasure, work value, or rest. Those coming from lands where time is looked upon differently may find this matter of pace to be one of their most difficult adjustments in both business and day life.

  Many newcomers to the States will miss the opening courtesies of a business call, for example. They will miss the ritual socializing that goes with a welcoming

  cup of tea or coffee that may be traditional in their own country. They may miss leisurely business chats in a café or coffee house. Normally, Americans do not assess their visitors in such relaxed surroundings over prolonged small talk; much less do they take them out for dinner, or around on the golf course while they develop a sense of trust and report. Rapport to most of us is less important

  than performance. We seek out evidence of past performance rather than evaluate a business colleague through social courtesies. Since we generally assess and probe professionally rather than socially, we start talking business very quickly.

  Most Americans live according to time segments laid out in engagement calendars.

  We often give a person two or three ( or more) segments of our calendar, but in business world we almost always have other appointments following hard on the heels of whatever we are doing. Time is therefore always ticking in our inner ear.

  As a result we work hard at the task of saving time. We produce a steady flow of labor-saving devices; we communicate rapidly through telexes phone calls or memos rather than through personal contacts, which though pleasant, take longer-especially given our traffic-filled streets. We therefore save most personal visiting for after work hours or for social weekend gatherings.

  36.“If you are not moving ahead, you are falling behind.”(Para.1,Line1) means ____.

  A) if you are moving, you are falling down

  B) you would fall behind if you move ahead

  C) you are moving ahead or you are falling behind

  D) you are not moving, you are disappear

  37. The second paragraph implies____.

  A) everyone’s life has his regrets

  B) everybody has his defaults

  C) lifetime is not long for everyone

  D) lifetime is full of pities

  38. In the American system of value, patience is not a high priority indicates ____.

  A) patience is very important

  B) patience is high valuable

  C) patience is not of value

  D) patience is ranked after others

  39. “We begin to move restlessly about if we feel time is slipping away without

  some return...”, this sentence reflects Americans’ attitude to life ____.

  A) is not patient enough

  B) gets angry easily

  C) saves times

  D) values time

  40. Is the article to ____

  A) narrate B) tell story

  C) inform D) argue

  Part Ⅲ

  Vocabulary and Structure(20 minutes)

  Directions: There are 30 incomplete sentences in this part. For each sentence there are four choices marked A), B), C) and D) . Choose the one answer that best completes the sentence. Then mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the center.

  41. We consider ____ the instrument should be adjusted each time it is

  used.

  A) necessary that

  B) necessary of it that

  C) cet4v.com

  D) that it necessary

  42. “____ he would not agree to this plan”

  A) Why do you know

  B) Do you know why

  C) You know why

  D) You know the reason why

  43. When you play football, the person with whom you are playing against is your ____.

  A) opposition

  B) oppositionist

  C) competition

  D) opponent

  44. I wonder if John has forgotten my number. I ____ him to call for the past two hours.

  A) have been expecting

  B) have expected

  C) have been expected

  D) expected

  45. Tom as well as two of his classmates ____ invited to the party.

  A) are B) will be

  C) is D) be

  46. cet4v.com correct, and ____.

  A) neither is mine

  B) mine is neither

  C) neither am I

  D) either is mine

  47. You look so tired tonight, It’s time you ____ to bed.

  A) go B) went

  C) going D) to go

  48. Our company has made a ____ with a foreign automobile company to buy

  50 cars.

  A) contract B) contrast

  C) contact D) convert

  49. Success is not worth the ____ of your health.

  A) value B) attitude

  C) bargain D) sacrifice

  50. My suggestion is that we ____ a trade delegation to Malaysia.

  A) sent B) be sent

  C) send D) being sent

  51. Why not ____ that suit to see it matches with your shirt

  A) try back B) try on

  B) try for D) try out

  52. A ____ is official permission to visit a country granted by the government of that country. It may be obtained from the embassy of the country you wish to visit.A) visa B) patent

  C) license D) passport

  53. The criminal always paid ____ cash so the police could not track him

  down.

  A) in B) by

  C) on D) for

  54. ____ your cooperation, we could not have succeeded in our experiment.

  A) Because of B) Because

  C) But that D) But for

  55. No one can avoid ____ by advertisements.

  A) influencing

  B) influenced

  C) being influenced

  D) to influence

  56. I have so much work to do that a holiday for me this year is ____.

  A) out of question

  B) out of the question

  C) out of a question

  D) out question

  57. ____ their common aim may seem good, people probably do not realize that dieting can do harm to their health.

  A) If B) Because

  C) Though D) When

  58. The discount houses were first established in that period of time ____ people’s purchasing power was low.

  A) what B) where

  C) which D) when

  59. He ____ the money, he is not such kind of person.

  A) can’t have stolen

  B) mustn’t have stolen

  C) can’t steal

  D) may not steal

  60. ____ by the earthquake, the city had to be rebuilt.

  A) Having badly damaged

  B) Having been badly damaged

  C) Been badly damaged

  D) Being badly damaged

  61. Would you mind ____ quiet for a moment I’m trying ____ of form.

  A) keeping,to fill out

  B) keeping,filling out

  C) keep,to fill out

  D) to keep,to fill out

  62. Mercury is different from other industrial metals ____ it is a liquid.

  A) because of

  B) whereas

  C) in that

  D) though

  63. He made a hypothesis ____ the great storms on the sun create large amounts of electric energy.

  A) why B) which

  C) when D) that

  64. He had the ____ over other boys of having had very good preschool education.

  A) alternative B) advantage

  C) ability D) challenge

  65. ____ went to the birthday party last night.

  A) Many friends of John

  B) Many John’s friends

  C) Many of John friends

  D) Many friends of John’s

  66. —“Are you tired”

  —“No, not ____.”

  A) in the least

  B) at the least

  C) so to speak

  D) at least

  67. The notice says that no books in the reading room are allowed ____ out of it.

  A) to take

  B) take

  C) taking

  D) to be taken

  68. ____ in the front row and ____ a pair of binoculars I saw everything

  clearly and beautifully.

  A) Seated,using

  B) Seating,using

  C) Seated,used

  D) Seating,used

  69. ____ they want to the bar to enjoy a drink.

  A) No sooner had they got to know the news when

  B) Hardly they had got to know the news than

  C) No sooner had they got to know the news than

  D) Scarcely had they got to know the news than

  70. At the beginning of a year, everybody ____ many plans for the comingdays.

  A) come up with

  B) come up to

  C) come through

  D) come round

  Part Ⅳ

  Cloze(15 minutes)

  Directions: There are 20 blanks in the following passage.

  For each blank there are four choices marked A), B), C) and D) on the right side of the paper. You should choose the ONE that best fits into the passage. Then mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the center.

  Bees are very small animals which fly through the air to look for flowers (71)____. When a bee (72)____ some food, it returns to the hive and dances. The dance is the way a bee (73)____ to other bees that is has found food.

  Bees do two kinds of (74)____ to tell other bees of their (75)____ of food. First, there is a round dance. (76)____ this dance, the bee moves in a (77)____ inside the hive. The round dance is used (78)____ the food is close by. The food must not be more than ten meters (79)____ If a bee comes back and dance a round dance, other bees know they must go out and look nearby for food. The bees also (80)____ the bee that has found the food. The smell tells them what kind of flower to (81)____. After watching the round dance and smelling the bee (82)____ has found the food, cet4v.com can find the other source.

  A second kind of dance (83)____by the bee is a tail-wagging dance. In this dance, the bee wiggles the (84)____ of its body as it moves in a (85)____ line. The tail-wagging dance is used when the food is far away. The food must be (86)____ ten meters away. The bees know from the speed of the tail-wagging dance just how far away the food source is. The line the bee dances on shows the direction that the bees (87)____ fly into find the food. In the tail-wagging dance, the bees also smell the bee (88)____ has found the food. The smell tells them what kind of flowers to look for. After watching the tail-wagging dance and smelling the bee that has found the food, cet4v.com know (89)____ things. They know how far (90)____ fly, what direction to fly in, and what kind of flowers to look for.

  71. A) for food B) for eating

  C) to eat D) for eating food

  72. A) looks for B) findsC) in search of D) found

  73. A) communicates B) makesC) helps D) supports

  74. A) dances B) waysC) methods D) means

  75. A) information B) newsC) discovery D) happiness

  76. A) on B) forC) in D) at

  77. A) direction B) lineC) round D) circle

  78. A) when B) asC) at D) that

  79. A) away B) longC) high D) from

  80. A) taste B) touchC) smell D) do

  81. A) wait for B) look forC) engage in D) subject to

  82. A) what B) thatC) who D) it

  83. A) done B) madeC) danced D) got

  84. A) head B) eyesC) end D) middle

  85. A) circle B) roundC) around D) straight

  86. A) more than B) much thanC) much D) less than

  87. A) should B) wouldC) must D) may

  88. A) which B) thatC) it D) what

  89. A) these B) thoseC) three D) below

  90. A) to B) inC) for D) on

  Part Ⅴ

  Writing(30 minutes)

  Directions: The attraction of such a market is described first, then details of this source of enjoyment are presented, both appearing to the emotions of the readers.

  Title: How to Persuade People to Visit a Pet Fish Market

  [范文]

  How to Persuade People to Visit a Pet Fish Market

  Walking through a pet fish market always makes you feel relaxed.

  As the fish basins and tanks are displayed on either side of the narrow street, it takes quite some time to walk through it, and considering the colorful varieties of fish displayed, it is an enjoyment to take a walk there. As soon as you enter the market, you see goldfish galore swimming in basins of all shapes and sizes. The “bubble eyes” may first come into view, their bubbles quivering with every cet4v.com. The “skyward dragons” on the other hand, look foolishly conceited. Why do they always look upward with their eyes parallel to the horizon Is this the social behavior of their kind-never looking down, but always looking up You wonder. Then there are the “tiger-heads”, moving ever so solemnly. They fill you with a sense of calmness. For those who love jewelry, the “pearls” will surely provide great pleasure. Somewhere higher up in more expensive tanks, with air bubbles blowing up and weeds growing from the sandy bottoms, the tropical fishes are real attraction: extremely colorful and elegant.Their prices may surprise you, but there’s no harm in looking.

  Part Ⅱ Reading Comprehension

  Passage One

  内容概要:本文的作者论述了自己的主张,家里没有必要安装电话,因为它带来的是麻烦,而不是便利。作者通过大量的例子来证明自己的观点。

  21.【答案】A

  【译文】作者不喜欢公用电话亭是因为……

  【试题分析】细节考查题。

  【详细解答】文章第二段谈到When you do get into the box, you are half asphyxiated by stale, unventilated air, flavored with cheap face-powder and chain-smoking; 由此判断正确答案为A。

  22.【答案】B

  【译文】在第三段中 “it will all be the same in a hundred years’ time” 的意思是……

  【试题分析】细节理解题。

  【详细解答】文章第三段说,如果你自己家中有电话,当你睡觉、吃饭、谈话……你不愿它响时它偏要响,你足以执拗的置之不理,对自己说:“一百年不都是千篇一律吗”其实指的就是每一次接电话时都是一样的。根据文章上下文不难看出,答案为B。

  23.【答案】A

  【译文】文章最后一句中“the truth will out”的意思是……

  【试题分析】细节理解题。

  【详细解答】文章最后一段说,如果消息真的很重要,你迟早总会知道的,如谚语所说:“坏事传千里”。我应该说好消息一样传得快。想想这条俗语:“真相大白”即是这样。本句中out常含有to the open air或to be opened 之意。在这里讲的是真实情况暴露出来,为人所知。故答案为A。

  24.【答案】C

  【译文】本文主要讨论了什么

  【试题分析】主旨大意题。

  【详细解答】本文的作者论述了自己的主张,家里没有必要安装电话,因为它带来的是麻烦,而不是便利。作者通过大量的例子来证明自己的观点。故答案为C。

  25.【答案】A

  【译文】你认为作者是那一种类型的人

  【试题分析】判断推理题。

  【详细解答】从文章中我们可以看出,作者认为家里没有必要安装电话,因为它带来的是麻烦,而不是便利。并且通过大量的例子来证明自己的观点。而事实上,在现代社会中,人们经常会用到电话。由此可以看出,作者不喜欢与人交往,而喜欢生活在一个远离喧嚣的和平安静的环境中。由此得知,他有一点eccentric(古怪)。

  Passage Two

  内容概要:本文的作者论述了花时间在书店里是最令人愉快的一件事。虽然是不经意地去书店,却很容易被书店吸引,并给出书店吸引人的原因,警告读者注意在冲动之下买书的危险,同时指出书店的售货员应怎样行事,最后讲了一件轶事,说明理想中的卖书人应怎样行事。

  26.【答案】B

  【译文】花时间在书店里可能是……。

  【试题分析】词语辨析题。

  【详细解答】文中第一句说Time spend in a bookshop can be most enjoyable,enjoyable一词指“使能够高兴的,令人愉快的”,有使动意义在其中,故选择B。

  27.【答案】A

  【译文】当你进入书店找到一本书时,你会……。

  【试题分析】细节考查题。

  【详细解答】文中第二句说You may even have entered the shop just to find shelter from a sudden shower. Whatever the reason, you can soon become totally unaware of your surroundings. 句中unaware指without realizing...即不意识、不知道。句子指得是“被书本所吸引而完全不意识到他身在何处。故答案为A。

  28.【答案】D

  【译文】书店的老板应当怎样去做

  【试题分析】细节考查题。

  【详细解答】文章最后一段第一句指出Book-seller must be both long-suffering and indulgent. long-suffering 指patient(足够耐心的),indulgent 指too kind, very kind to other people 。由此可知,答案为D。

  29.【答案】C

  【译文】为什么书店的主人把那本书放到角落里

  【试题分析】细节考查题。

  【详细解答】文章最后一句I put it there in case anyone was tempted to buy it。句中was tempted意为was attracted,指为那本书所吸引而想购买。所以答案为C。

  30.【答案】C

  【译文】在一个好的书店里,售货员应该怎样做

  【试题分析】细节考查题。

  【详细解答】文中第二段谈到In a bookshop an assistant should remain in the background until you have finished browsing. 由此可知答案为C。

  Passage Three

  内容概要:本文讲的是日益增长的卫星需求和在这种需求下通信微波技术的发展,以及微波技术发展的优点和缺点,并解决了微波在传送过程中的问题。

  31.【答案】D

  【译文】文章第一段陈述了……。

  【试题分析】主旨大意题。第一段的主题句为本段最后一句:这种需求已正在由于通讯卫星而得到满足。A,B,C三项主要讲的是世界上对于通讯需求的增长及其范围,所以答案为D。

  【详细解答】

  32.【答案】D

  【译文】高频微波传送的最大直线距离是多少英里

  【试题分析】细节考查题。

  【详细解答】第三段中Since the curvature of the earth limits a microwave’s line-of-sight path to about 30 miles,since一词在此表示原因,由此可知答案为D。

  33.【答案】B

  【译文】第五段第一行短语marked a major step的意思是……

  【试题分析】细节考查题。

  【详细解答】marked a major step的意思为‘标志着一次重大的推进’,选项中B的意思最为接近,故只能选B。

  34.【答案】A

  【译文】在第二段中作者想要告诉我们什么

  【试题分析】主旨大意题。

  【详细解答】第二段的主题句为本段第一句,而主题句的核心在于冒号后面的the microwave relay。所以答案为A。

  35.【答案】B

  【译文】第六段中“....whose orbits are synchronous with the rotation of the earth so that this positions...” 的意思是……。

  【试题分析】细节考查题。

  【详细解答】该句中‘are synchronous with’的意思是‘与……同步’,所以答案为B。

  Passage Four

  内容概要:本文主要阐明美国人的时间观念。他们珍惜时间,办事不重形式,讲求实效;他们整天都好像是匆匆忙忙;匆匆吃饭,匆匆返回工作,他们没有耐心,脾气大,爱发火,不耐烦排队。他们谈公事,少有罗嗦的开场白,而很快切入话题;他们喜爱高效率的交通工具等。

  36.【答案】C

  【译文】第一段第一行中If you are not moving ahead, you are falling behind.的意思是……。

  【试题分析】理解题。

  【详细解答】从文章的前两句我们可以得出,本句的意思为“不进则退”,所以答案为C。

  37.【答案】C

  【译文】第二段包含了……。

  【试题分析】段落大意题。

  【详细解答】文章第二段中有这样一句话:Many people have a rather acute sense of the shortness of each lifetime.这句话进一步说明了本段开头对于时间的看法,指出“许多人深感人的一生之短促”。所以答案为C。

  38.【答案】D

  【译文】在美国人的价值观中,耐心并没有排在很高的地位,表明了……。

  【试题分析】细节考查题。

  【详细解答】priority的意思是“居先,在前,优先”。文章中第五段第一句指出:这种时间观影响了我们对耐心的重视,按照美国人的价值观,耐心并没有排在很高的地位。所以答案为D。

  39.【答案】D

  【译文】“We begin to move restlessly about if we feel time is slipping away without some return...”,这句话反映了美国人对生活的态度是……。

  【试题分析】理解题。

  【详细解答】本句的意思是:只要我们感觉消耗了时间而没有回报,我们就开始烦躁不安地走来走去……,由此得知,答案为D。

  40.【答案】C

  【译文】这篇文章是……。

  【试题分析】理解判断题。

  【详细解答】整篇文章中,作者都在说明美国人对于时间的观念。所以该篇文章是以说明为主的,所以答案为C。

  Part Ⅲ Vocabulary and Structure

  41.【答案】C

  【译文】我们认为设备每次用过之后被调整是必需的。

  【详细解答】语法考查。consider后跟带有宾补的宾语从句时,常用it 做形式宾语,而将真正的宾语放到宾语补足语的后面。

  42.【答案】B

  【译文】你知道他为什么不同意这个计划

  【详细解答】语法考查。本题考查宾语从句,why引导的从句做动词know的宾语。

  43.【答案】D

  【译文】当你踢足球时,和你踢球的人是你的对手。

  【详细解答】名词辨析题。A)opposition反对、敌对B)oppositionist反对党人C)competition比赛、竞争D)opponent对手、敌手。

  44.【答案】A

  【译文】我想知道约翰是否忘了我的电话号码,我在过去的两个小时里一直等他的电话。

  【详细解答】语法考查。我在过去的两个小时里一直等约翰的电话。这个动作从过去一直持续到现在,并且还将继续持续下去,所以应用现在完成进行时。

  45.【答案】C

  【译文】汤姆和他的两个同学一样被邀请参加晚会。

  【详细解答】语法考查。as well as引导的两个名词做主语,谓语动词应与前者一致。Tom第三人称单数,故选C。

  46.【答案】D

  【译文】他的答案不正确,我的也不正确。

  【详细解答】语法考查题。否定词neither放在句首,主谓倒装。主语为my answer, 用mine代替。

  47.【答案】B

  【译文】你今晚看起来很累了,你早该去睡了。

  【详细解答】It is (about, high) time + 从句,表示早该做而未做的事,含建议的意味。其动词用过去式。

  48.【答案】A

  【译文】我们公司和外国一家汽车公司签定了一个购买50辆汽车的合同。

  【详细解答】名词辨析题。A)contract契约、合同B)contrast对比、对照C)contact接触、联系D)convert改变、转变。

  49.【答案】D

  【译文】成功不值得以牺牲健康做为代价。

  【详细解答】名词辨析题。A)value价值 B)attitude态度 C)bargain讨价还价 D)sacrifice牺牲。

  50.【答案】C

  【译文】我的建议是我们应当派一个贸易代表团去马来西亚。

  【详细解答】语法考查题。本题考查虚拟语气的用法。在表示“建议、要求、命令”的从句中,从句的谓语动词用should+ 动词原形,should可省略。

  51.【答案】B

  【译文】为什么不试一下你的衣服,看看是否和你的衬衣相匹配

  【详细解答】动词词组考查。A) try back重新回到 B) try on试穿 C) try for谋求、争取得到 D) try out试验、考验。

  52.【答案】A

  【译文】签证需得到你所要去的那个国家的官方的允许,可以从你所要去的那个国家的大使馆得到。

  【详细解答】名词辨析题。A)visa签证B)patent专利、特权C)license许可证、执照D)passport护照。

  53.【答案】A

  【译文】这个罪犯总是用现金来支付,所以警察不能追捕到他。

  【详细解答】在英语中用现金支付时,用pay in cash。

  54.【答案】D

  【译文】要不是你的合作,我们的实验不可能取得成功。

  【详细解答】A) because of 因为、由于,后接名词B) because因为、由于,后接从句 C) but that若非,后接从句 D) but for若非、要不是,后接名词。

  55.【答案】C

  【译文】没有人能够避免受到广告的影响。

  【详细解答】语法考查。动词avoid后接动名词做宾语,本题属被动语态。故答案为C。

  56.【答案】B

  【译文】我有很多工作要做,今年假期对我来说是不可能的。

  【详细解答】词组辨析题。out of the question(不可能), out of question(毫无疑问)。

  57.【答案】C

  【译文】尽管人们的目的是好的,但他们可能没有意识到节食对他们的健康是有害的。

  【详细解答】状语从句的考查。A) if(如果),引导条件状语从句。B) because(因为),引导条件原因从句。C) though(尽管),引导让步状语从句。D) when(当……时候),引导时间状语从句。

  58.【答案】D

  【译文】打折商店最初是建立在人们的购买力很低的时期。

  【详细解答】定语从句的考查。本题中,先行词为表示时间的that period of time,故用关系副词when引导。

  59.【答案】A

  【译文】他不可能偷钱,他不是那种人。

  【详细解答】本题考查情态动词的推测性用法。情态动词的推测性用法中,如果有原因说明自己的推测,也就是肯定的推测结果用must,否定的推测结果用can’t。如果推测的是过去的事,则用情态动词的完成时。

  60.【答案】B

  【译文】这个城市被地震严重破坏,必须重建。

  【详细解答】非谓语动词的考查。“这个城市被地震严重破坏”,该动作已经发生,故应该用完成时,从语态上来讲,属于被动语态,所以只能选择B。

  61.【答案】A

  【译文】安静一会儿好吗我正在填表。

  【详细解答】习惯用法的考查。Would you mind doing something(你介意做……吗)。 try to do something(努力或设法做……。)

  62.【答案】C

  【译文】水银不同于其他的金属,因为它是液体。

  【详细解答】A)because of因为、由于,后接名词。B)though而、却。C)in that因为,由于,后接从句。D)though尽管。

  63.【答案】D

  【译文】他做了一个假想:太阳系一场巨大风暴能产生出大量电能。

  【详细解答】本题属同位语从句。that引导的从句做抽象名词hypothesis的同位语。

  64.【答案】B

  【译文】在接受良好的学前教育方面,他比其他的孩子有优势。

  【详细解答】习惯用法的考查。have the advantage over在……方面占优势。A)alternative二者择一;C)ability能力;D)challenge挑战。

  65.【答案】D

  【译文】昨晚约翰的很多朋友去参加了生日晚会。

  【详细解答】本句考查的是语法中名词的双重所有格:of + 名词’s ,此结构常用于表示部分概念或带有一定的感情色彩。

  66.【答案】A

  【译文】——“你累吗”

  〖KG*3〗——“一点儿也不累。”

  【详细解答】习惯用法的考查。A)not in the least 一点儿也不;B)at (the) least至少;C)so to speak可以这么说。

  67.【答案】D

  【译文】告示上说阅览室的书不允许被带出去。

  【详细解答】本题考查动词的用法。动词allow后跟不定式做宾语。本题属于被动语态,故应用be allowed to be done。

  68.【答案】A

  【译文】坐在前排,用望远镜我能清楚地看到所有的事物。

  【详细解答】本题考查分词的用法。seat一词的用法较为特殊,它的被动形式常表示主动的意义。

  69.【答案】C

  【译文】他们一知道那个消息,就去酒吧喝酒庆祝。

  【详细解答】本题考查倒装。no sooner...than..., hardly/scarcely...when...,都表示“一……就……”。当no sooner或 hardly/scarcely置于句首时,主谓要倒装。

  70.【答案】A

  【译文】新年伊始,每个人都为将来制定了很多计划。

  【详细解答】动词词组的考查。A) come up with(提出、提供)。B)come to合计、苏醒;C)come through通过、穿过;D)come round过来、绕过。

  Part Ⅳ Close

  内容概要:本文讲述的是蜜蜂发现食物后,它是通过不同的飞舞方式和气味向蜂群说明食物的地点和种类。

  71.【答案】A

  【详细解答】for food作look for 的目的状语,意思是通过寻找花来觅食。

  72.【答案】B

  【详细解答】finds在此强调找到食物,而上句的look for则强调寻找这一动作或过程。

  73.【答案】A

  【详细解答】communicates作联络、沟通解释,其余三个均无此意。

  74.【答案】A

  【详细解答】dances在这里是一个复数名词,并且下面有文字分别说明蜜蜂的两种不同的舞蹈,故此只能选A。

  75.【答案】C

  【详细解答】discovery告知蜂群发现食物这一具体事实,而不仅仅是一个消息、信息。

  76.【答案】C

  【详细解答】in this dance意思是“在这种舞蹈中。”

  77.【答案】D

  【详细解答】circle配合前面的a round dance这一词组,说明它饶着圈飞舞的样子。

  78.【答案】A

  【详细解答】当食物就在附近时,用饶圈飞舞来告知蜂群。

  79.【答案】A

  【详细解答】away在此是副词,表示“距……,离开……”

  80.【答案】C

  【详细解答】蜂群是通过嗅觉来闻一闻那只发现食物的报信的蜜蜂(得知食物的种类)。

  81.【答案】B

  【详细解答】to look for意思是寻找,在此强调其动作性,在句中作目的状语。

  82.【答案】B

  【详细解答】本句为that引导的一个定语从句。

  83.【答案】A

  【详细解答】动词的过去分词done做后置定语,来避免出现dance danced,而其它的分词没有这种替代性。

  84.【答案】C

  【详细解答】下句中的tail-wigging说明了在这种舞蹈中蜜蜂摆动的是它的尾部,end当尾部来讲。

  85.【答案】D

  【详细解答】这里介绍的第二种舞蹈显然有别于第一种饶圈飞舞的舞蹈,加之in a ...line表示动作方式,选项中可排除其余三项,而选D。

  86.【答案】A

  【详细解答】本句的意思是食物在10英里之外的地方,表示较nearby远,且直线飞行。

  87.【答案】C

  【详细解答】must在此做必须解。

  88.【答案】B

  【详细解答】that引导定语从句,说明就是那只已找到食物的蜜蜂

  89.【答案】C

  【详细解答】本句之后明确列出了蜜蜂得知的三件事情,故此选择C。

  90.【答案】A

  【详细解答】这里考查的是how to do something的固定用法。

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