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2018英语四级阅读理解过级训练(97)

2018-08-06 17:21 来源:文都网校 阅读()

  在英语四级阅读这个板块中,选词填空是最需要技巧的,也是拿分难点,下面小编为大家带来了一篇英语四级阅读题,希望各位考生多加练习,早日取得好成绩!

  You had me at“Hello”!It turns out our opening words make people take less than a second to form an impression of someone’s personality based on their voice alone.

  We know that our voices Call transmit subtle signals about our gender,age,even body strength and certain personality traits,but Phil Mcaleer at the University of Glasgow and his colleagues wondered whether we make an instant impression.To find out,mey recorded 64 people as they read a passage.They then extracted the word“hello”and asked 320 people to rate the voices on a scale of 1 to 9 for one of 10 perceived personality traits—including trustworthiness,dominance and attractiveness.

  Although it’s not clear how accurate such snap judgments are,what is apparent is that we all make them,and very quickly.“We were surprised by just how similar people’s ratings were.”says Mcaleer.Using a scale in which orepresents no agreement on a perceived trait and l reflects complete agreement,all10 traits scored on average 0.92—meaning most people agreed very closely to what extent each voice represented each trait.

  It makes sense that decisions about personality should happen really fast,says Mcaleer.“There’s this evolutionary‘approach/avoidance’idea—vou want to quickly know if you call trust a person so you can approach them or run away and that would be redundant if it took too long to figure it out.”

  The impression that our voices convey—even from an audio clip lasting just 390 milliseconds—appears to be down to several factors,for example,the pitch of a person’s voice influenced how trustworthy they seemed.“A guy who raises his pitch becomes more trustworthy,”says Mcaleer.“While girls are on the opposite.”

  The methods used in this paper are familiar,but the conclusions are novel and interesting.The way the study links personality to attractiveness and reproductive fitness makes sense biologically.The team hope that their work can be used to help create artificial voices for people who have lost their own due to a medical condition and create likable and engaging voices for satnavs,and other robotics.

  56、What’s the meaning of“You had me at‘Hello”’?

  A.When I say“hello”,you will get my greeting.

  B.When I say“hello”,you will give me a response.

  C.When I say“hello”,you will form an impression of my voice.

  D.When I say“hello”,you will reA.ize my personA.ity in a second.

  57、 What conclusion Call we get from the research performed by professor Mcaleer and his colleagues?

  A.Most people agreed each voice represented each trait.

  B.0ur voices can tansmit subtle signals about ourselves.

  C.People can make accurate snap judgments very quickly.

  D.People cannot form all instant impression through voice.

  58、 What does Mcaleer mean by saying the line that‘'there’s this evolutionary approach/avoidance’idea”(Line 2,Para.4)?

  A.People can avoid others quickly if they trust them.

  B.People can approach others quickly if they distrust them.

  C.People hope to know others quickly to approach or avoid them.

  D.People dislike to spend much time to understand others.

  59、 When does a girl become more trustworthy compared with a guy?

  A.A girl would be more trustworthy when she raises her voice up at the end of word.

  B.A girl would be more trustworthy as she glides from a high to a low pitch.

  C.A girl would be more trustworthy as she keeps the same pitch during conversation.

  D.A girl would be more trustworthy when she alter the pitch from time to time.

  60、 What is the purpose of this study?

  A.To help create artificiA.voices for people who have lost it.

  B.To create likable and engaging voices for satnavs.

  C.To make contribution to the creation of voices for robots.

  D.All ofthe above.

  56.What’Sthemeaningof‘'Youhadmeat‘Hello”’?当我说“你好”时,你就已经了解我了,这句话是什么意思?

  A.When I say‘'hello”,you will get my greeting.当我说你好时,你得到了我的问候。

  B.When I say‘'hello”,you will give me a response.当我说你好时,你会热情回应。

  C.When I say‘'hello”,you will form an impression of my voice.当我说你好时,你会对我的声音形成印象。

  D.When I say‘'hello”,you will realize my personality in a second.当我说你好时,你会在瞬间了解我的性格。

\

  57.What conclusion Can we get from the research performed by professor Mcaleer and his colleagues?我们可以从麦卡利尔教授和其同事进行的调查中得出什么结论?

  A.Most people agreed each voice represented each trait.多数人都伺意一种声音代表一种个性。

  B.Our voices can transmit subtle signals about ourselves.我们的声音可以传递有关自身的微妙信息。

  C.People can make accurate snapjudgments very quickly.人们可以迅速作出准确无误的判断。

  D.People cannot form an instant impression through voice.人们不能通过声音形成及时的印象。

\

  58.What does Mcaleer moan by saying the line that“there’s this evolutionary

  ‘approach/avoidance’idea”(Line2,Para.4)?麦卡利尔的“接近或逃避”的观点指的是什么?

  A.People can avoid others quickly ifthey trust them.如果人们相信别人就会躲开他们。

  B.People Can approach others quickly ifthey distrust them.如果人们不相信别人就会靠近他们。

  C.People hope to know others quickly to approach or avoid them.人们想陕速了解别人,然后决定是靠近他们还是躲开他们。

  D.People dislike to spend much time to understand others.人们不喜欢花很多时间去了解别人。

\

  59.When does a girl become more trustworthy compared with a guy?相比男孩,女孩什么时候会变得更可信?

  A.A girl would be mote trustworthy when she raises her voice up at the end ofword.当一个女孩在句尾提高声音时,她会更值得信任。

  B.A girl would be more trustworthy as she glides from a high to a low pitch.当一个女孩的音高从高变低时,她会更值得信任。

  C.A girl would be more trustworthy as she keeps the same pitch during conversation.当一个女孩在谈话中始终保持相同音高时,她会更值得信任。

  D.A girl would be more trustworthy when she alter the pitch from time to time.当一个女孩一次次改变音高时,她会更值得信任。

\

  60.What is the purpose ofthis study?这项研究的目的是什么?

  A.To help create artificial voices for people who have lost it.为那些失声的人创造仿真声音。

  B.To create likable and engaging voices for satnavs.为卫星导航系统制作可爱又迷人的声音。

  C.To make contribution to the creation ofvoices for robots.为机器人仿真声音的制作贡献一己之力。

  D.A.l ofthe above.以上三者均是。

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  以上就是小编为大家提供的英语四级阅读训练题,希望对大家有帮助。想了解更多四六级备考课程备考资讯,请点击文都网校四六级资讯站查询!有问题找文都☞☞☞详情咨询入口>>>

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