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2018下半年四级阅读精讲精练:旅游

2018-07-10 15:25 来源:文都网校 阅读()

  还有大半年的时间,各位考生可以利用这段时间认真练习一下英语四级阅读水平,以下是小编为大家准备的英语四级阅读习题:旅游。

  The tourist trade is booming. With all this comingand going, you'd expect greater understanding todevelop between the nations of the world. Not a bitof it! Superb systems of communication by air, seaand land make it possible for us to visit each other'scountries at a moderate cost. What was once the'grand tour', reserved for only the very rich, is nowwithin everybody's grasp? The package tour andchartered flights are not to be sneered at. Moderntravelers enjoy a level of comfort which the lordsand ladies on grand tours in the old days couldn'thave dreamed of. But what's the sense of this mass exchange of populations if the nations ofthe world remain basically ignorant of each other?

  Many tourist organizations are directly responsible for this state of affairs. Theydeliberately set out to protect their clients from too much contact with the local population.The modern tourist leads a cosseted, sheltered life. He lives at international hotels, where heeats his international food and sips his international drink while he gazes at the natives from adistance. Conducted tours to places of interest are carefully censored. The tourist is allowed tosee only what the organizers want him to see and no more. A strict schedule makes itimpossible for the tourist to wander off on his own; and anyway, language is always abarrier, so he is only too happy to be protected in this way. At its very worst, this leads to anew and hideous kind of colonization. The summer quarters of the inhabitants of the citeuniversitaire: are temporarily reestablished on the island of Corfu. Blackpool is recreated atTorremolinos where the traveler goes not to eat paella, but fish and chips.

  The sad thing about this situation is that it leads to the persistence of nationalstereotypes. We don't see the people of other nations as they really are, but as we have beenbrought up to believe they are. You can test this for yourself. Take five nationalities, say,French, German, English, American and Italian. Now in your mind, match them with these fiveadjectives: musical, amorous, cold, pedantic, native. Far from providing us with any insightinto the national characteristics of the peoples just mentioned, these adjectives actually act asbarriers. So when you set out on your travels, the only characteristics you notice are thosewhich confirm your preconceptions. You come away with the highly unoriginal and inaccurateimpression that, say, 'Anglo-Saxons are hypocrites' of that 'Latin peoples shout a lot'. You onlyhave to make a few foreign friends to understand how absurd and harmful nationalstereotypes are. But how can you make foreign friends when the tourist trade does its best toprevent you?

  Carried to an extreme, stereotypes can be positively dangerous. Wild generalizations stirup racial hatred and blind us to the basic fact—how trite it sounds! – That all people arehuman. We are all similar to each other and at the same time all unique.

  1. The best title for this passage is

  [A] tourism contributes nothing to increasing understanding between nations.

  [B] Tourism is tiresome.

  [C] Conducted tour is dull.

  [D] tourism really does something to one's country.

  2. What is the author's attitude toward tourism?

  [A] apprehensive.

  [B] negative.

  [C] critical.

  [D] appreciative.

  3. Which word in the following is the best to summarize Latin people shout a lot?

  [A] silent.

  [B] noisy.

  [C] lively.

  [D] active.

  4. The purpose of the author's criticism is to point out

  [A] conducted tour is disappointing.

  [B] the way of touring should be changed.

  [C] when traveling, you notice characteristics which confirm preconception.

  [D] national stereotypes should be changed.

  5. What is ‘grand tour’ now?

  [A] moderate cost.

  [B] local sight-seeing is investigated by the tourist organization.

  [C] people enjoy the first-rate comforts.

  [D] everybody can enjoy the ‘grand tour’.

  四级阅读答案详解:

  1. A 旅游对增进民族了解毫无建树。第二段开始点出,许多旅游组织直接负责旅游事宜,他们有意识不让旅游者接触当地居民,让他们过着一种关怀备至又与世隔绝的生活。住的是国际饭店,吃的是国际食品,喝的是国际饮料,在原处观看当地居民。严格有序的计划使旅游者难以自己一人闲逛,语言的障碍,又使他们乐意接受保护。第三段涉及坚持民族模式化――老一套的想法,所以一开始旅游,你见到的民族特性就只是证实了你自己设想的基本事实――所有人民都是人类。只有交朋友才能知道民族模式是多么荒谬、有害,可是旅行社竭力制止,你又怎么能交上外国朋友呢?这一切说明A项对。B.旅游很累。C.导游观光很单调乏味。D.旅游确实对国家有贡献。

  2. C 批评。

  3. B 吵吵闹闹的。

  4. B 旅游的方式应改变。整篇文章(除第一段外)都环绕旅游方式不理想来进行批评。第二段集中在导游观光使旅游者难以和当地人民接触。第三段,见到的只是证实了旅游者本人事先形成的思想/先入之见,旅游根本达不到了解对方的目的。第四段讲了民族固定模式(先入之见的模式)的可怕后果。要使人懂得所有的人们都是人类,彼此相似,又各具特点,就得改变旅游的方式。A.导游观光令人失望。C.旅游时,你见到的 特性证实了你的先入之见。D.民族模式应当改变。这三条都是批评的具体内容。

  5. D 人人都能享受大旅游。大旅行是专指英国富家子弟上学中的一门课程-到欧洲大陆观光。不是人人都能享受。这里用grand tour表示人人都能享受类似grand tour的一切,甚至超过,如第一段指出:现代旅游者享受的舒适设施,达到了大旅行中老爷、小姐们做梦都没有想到的水平。海陆空高级交流联络通讯系统,使人们有可能钱花得不多就能访问、观光别的国家。所以说,曾是有钱人专享的大旅行,普通人也能领略。“grand tour”有引号,表明作为比喻。A.费用不高。文内是费用合适、中等、恰当。B.当地观光受组织审查。C.人们喜欢一流舒适设施。

  以上就是小编为大家介绍的四级阅读材料,希望对大家有帮助。想了解更多四六级备考课程备考资讯,请点击文都网校四六级资讯站查询!有问题找文都☞☞☞详情咨询入口>>>

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