四级备考 六级备考 经验交流 模拟试题 历年真题 每日一练

消单词 精品试听 直播课程 名 师 热推课程 精品图书

首页 > 备考辅导 > 阅读 >

2018下半年四级阅读精讲精练:制服

2018-07-10 15:13 来源:文都网校 阅读()

  还有大半年的时间,各位考生可以利用这段时间认真练习一下英语四级阅读水平,以下是小编为大家准备的英语四级阅读习题:制服。

  Americans are pound of their variety and individuality, yet they love and respect few things more than a uniform, whether it is the uniform of an elevator operator or the uniform of a five-star general. Why are uniforms so popular in the United States?

  Among the arguments for uniforms, one of the first is that in the eyes of most people they look more professional than civilian (百姓的) clothes. People have become conditioned to expect superior quality from a man who wears a uniform. The television repairman who wears uniform tends to inspire more trust than one who appears in civilian clothes. Faith in the skill of a garage mechanic is increased by a uniform. What easier way is there for a nurse, a policeman, a barber, or a waiter to lose professional identity (身份) thanto step out of uniform?

  Uniforms also have many practical benefits. They save on other clothes. They save on laundry bills. They are tax-deductible (可减税的). They are often more comfortable and more durable than civilian clothes.

  Primary among the arguments against uniforms is their lack of variety and the consequent loss of individuality experienced by people who must wear them. Though there are many types of uniforms, the wearer of any particular type is generally stuck with it, without change, until retirement. When people look alike, theytend to think, speak, and act similarly, on the job at least.

  Uniforms also give rise to some practical problems. Though they are long-lasting, often their initial expense is greater than the cost of civilian clothes. Some uniforms are also expensive to maintain, requiring professional dry cleaning rather than the home laundering possible with many types of civilian clothes.

  1.It is surprising that Americans who worship variety and individuality ________.

  A. still judge a man by his clothes

  B. hold the uniform in such high regard

  C. enjoy having a professional identity

  D. will respect an elevator operator as much as a general in uniform

  2. People are accustomed to think that a man in uniform ________.

  A. suggests quality work

  B. discards his social identity

  C. appears to be more practical

  D. looks superior to a person in civilian clothes

  3. The chief function of a uniform is to ________.

  A. provide practical benefits to the wearer

  B. make the wearer catch the pubic eye

  C. inspire the wearer’s confidence in himself

  D. provide the wearer with a professional identity

  4. According to the passage, people wearing uniforms ________.

  A. are usually helpful

  B. have little or no individual freedom

  C. tend to lose their individuality

  D. enjoy greater popularity

  5. The best title for this passage would be ________.

  A. Uniforms and Society

  B. The Importance of Wearing a Uniform

  C. Practical Benefits of Wearing a Uniform

  D. Advantages and Disadvantages of Uniforms

  参考答案:

  1.[B] 事实细节题。根据文章首句转折词yet后面的信息“尽管美国人很为他们的多样性和个性自豪,但是没有什么比制服更让他们喜爱与尊敬的了”结合核心词uniform及同义表达(hold…in high regard即respect),故选B。

  2.[A] 推理判断题。根据第2段第2句“人们习惯性地期望穿制服的人有较高的专业素质”,故选A。选项D错在用superior来比较人了,文中用的是superior quality。

  3.[D] 主旨大意题。根据第 2 段首句“they look more professional than civilian clothes”及尾句的反问“What easier way is there…to lose professional identity than to step out of uniform? ”选含有高频词汇 professional的D。

  4.[C] 推理判断题。根据第4段首句中的“loss of individuality”进行同义替换,选C。

  5.[D] 主旨大意题。根据第2至4段首句的对比,对于文章最好的概括为选项D“制服的优缺点”。

  以上就是小编为大家介绍的四级阅读材料,希望对大家有帮助。想了解更多四六级备考课程备考资讯,请点击文都网校四六级资讯站查询!有问题找文都☞☞☞详情咨询入口>>>

文都名师助力通关2018年12月四六级考试
2018年12月大学英语四六级实力抢分班 2018年12月大学英语四六级高分规划课程

     编辑推荐

备考交流

2018下半年英语四级听力场景词(看病篇)

2018下半年英语四级听力场景词(阅读篇)

2018下半年英语四级听力场景词(购物篇)

2018英语四六级段落信息匹配解题技巧

 

责任编辑:lzx

大学英语四六级网上课程热报班次

次名称 班次特点 活动

2018年12月大学英语四级全程班

课程构成:前基础阶段+基础阶段+强化模块阶段+真题解析冲刺阶段

课程特色:PC端、移动端、无有效期内自由看。

¥150
2018年12月大学英语六级全程班 ¥150
>>>查看更多四六级课程<<<

四六级免费在线咨询

文都四六级交流群

文都四六级QQ群437058182486117399517034650

 

上一篇:2018下半年四级阅读精讲精练:印尼商人

下一篇:2018下半年四级阅读精讲精练:阅读力教育