四级备考 六级备考 经验交流 模拟试题 历年真题 每日一练

消单词 精品试听 直播课程 名 师 热推课程 精品图书

首页 > 备考辅导 > 阅读 >

2018英语四级阅读精讲精练:布莱尔答清华学子

2018-06-27 11:33 来源:文都网校 阅读()

  还有大半年的时间,各位考生可以利用这段时间认真练习一下英语四级阅读水平,以下是小编为大家准备的英语四级阅读习题:布莱尔答清华学子。

  When families gather for Christmas dinner, some will stick to formal traditions dating back to Grandma’s generation. Their tables will be set with the good dishes and silver, and the dress code will be Sunday-best.

  But in many other homes, this china--and--silver elegance has given way to stoneware (粗陶)--and--stainless informality, with dresses assuming an equally casual--Friday look. For hosts and guests, the change means greater simplicity and comfort. For makers of fine china in Britain, it spells economic hard times.

  Last week Royal Doulton, the largest employer in Stoke-onTrent, announced that it is eliminating 1,000 jobs--one-fifth of its total workforce. That brings to more than 4,000 the number of positions lost in 18 months in the pottery (陶瓷) region. Wedgwood and other pottery factories made cuts earlier.

  Although a strong pound and weak markets in Asia play a role in the downsizing, the layoffs in Stoke have their roots in earthshaking social shifts. A spokesman for Royal Doulton admitted that the company “has been somewhat slow in catching up with the trend”toward casual dining. Families eat together less often, he explained, and more people eat alone, either because they are single or they eat in front of television.

  Even dinner parties, if they happen at all, have gone causal. In a time of long work hours and demanding family schedules, busy hosts insist, rightly, that it’s better to share a takeout pizza on paper plates inthe family room than to wait for the perfect moment or a “real” dinner party. Too often, the perfect moment never comes, Iron a fine-pattened tablecloth? Forget it. Polish the silver? Who has time?

  Yet the loss of formality has its down side. The fine points of etiquette(礼节) that children might once have learned at the table by observation or instruction from parents and grandparents(“Chew with your mouth closed.”“keep your elbows off the table.”)must be picked up elsewhere. Some companies now offer etiquette seminars for employees who may be competent professionally but clueless socially.

  1.The trend toward casual dining has resulted in ______

  A. bankruptcy of fine china manufacturers

  B. Shrinking of the pottery industry

  C. restructuring of large enterprises

  D. Economic recession in Great Britain

  2.Which of the following may be the best reason for casual dining?

  A. Family members need more time to relax.

  B. Busy schedules leave people no time for formality.

  C. People want to practice economy in times of scarcity.

  D. Young people won’t follow the etiquette of the older generation.

  3.It can be learned from the passage that Royal Doulton is _______

  A. a retailer of stainless steel tableware

  B. a dealer in stoneware

  C. a pottery chain store

  D. a producer of fine china

  4.The main cause of the layoffs in the pottery industry is _______

  A. the increased value of the pound

  B. the economic recession in Asia

  C. the change in people’s way of life

  D. the fierce competition at home and abroad

  5.Refined table manners, though less popular than before in current social life, _______

  A. are still a must on certain occasions

  B. are bound to return sooner or later

  C. are still being taught by parents at home

  D. Can help improve personal relationships

  参考答案:

  1.[B] 推理判断题。首先依据题目中的casual dining找到第2段中的informality。其后有两个for引导的介词短语,后一个说“对于英国精致瓷器的制造商来说,这(informality)意味着经济困难时期”;此外,第3段用数据具体指出陶瓷业裁员之严重,说明陶瓷业在萎缩,即B。A、D均属夸大事实,C与文章内容无关。

  2.[B] 事实细节题。根据倒数第2段第2句中指出现今休闲文化流行的背景:工作时间长,家庭生活节奏紧张,B中的 Busy schedules与文中的demanding family schedules对应,故为答案。

  3.[D] 事实细节题。Royal Doulton在文章中出现过两次:第3段说它裁员,因为人们用餐越来越随意(不再讲究餐具的精致);第 4 段中“A spokesman for Royal Doulton admitted that the company...”,暗示公司的性质,可以推断它是精制器皿的生产者。

  4.[C] 事实细节题。根据题目中的the layoffs找到文章第4段首句,其中的have their roots in相当于题目中的main cause is,shifts相当于C中的change。其实本题与第1题是交叉相关的,从第1题的题目可找到本题的答案。

  5.[A] 事实细节题。根据最后一段,特别是第2句“The fine points of etiquette... must be picked up elsewhere良好的餐桌礼仪必须在其他地方被重拾起来”,可知礼仪在某些场合还是必要的,故答案为A。

  以上就是小编为大家介绍的四级阅读材料,希望对大家有帮助。想了解更多四六级备考课程备考资讯,请点击文都网校四六级资讯站查询!有问题找文都☞☞☞详情咨询入口>>>

 

(点击图片进入专题>>)

文都名师助力通关2018年6月四六级考试
2018年6月大学英语四级畅学通关班 2018年6月大学英语六级畅学通关班

     编辑推荐

备考交流

2018年6月大学英语六级高频词汇

2018四级写作冲刺方法:狠抓作文(上)

2018四级写作冲刺方法:狠抓作文(下)

2018英语四六级写作规律

 

责任编辑:lzx

大学英语四六级网上课程热报班次

次名称 班次特点 活动

2018年12月大学英语四级全程班

课程构成:前基础阶段+基础阶段+强化模块阶段+真题解析冲刺阶段

课程特色:PC端、移动端、无有效期内自由看。

¥150
2018年12月大学英语六级全程班 ¥150
>>>查看更多四六级课程<<<

四六级免费在线咨询

文都四六级交流群

文都四六级QQ群437058182486117399517034650

 

上一篇:2018英语四级阅读精讲精练:简化餐桌礼节

下一篇:2018英语四级阅读精讲精练:大学专业选择

关注官方微信
0元领取学习资料