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2018大学英语四级阅读冲刺练习(80)

2018-05-24 09:04 来源:文都网校 阅读()

  还有不到1个月的时间,英语四级考试就要来临了,考前一定要做好必备的工作,才能顺利通关,以下是英语四级阅读冲刺练习,希望可以帮助大家提高考试成绩!

  The health-care economy is filled with unusual andeven unique economic relationships. One of theleast understood involves the peculiar roles ofproducer or "provider" and purchaser or "consumer" in the typical doctor-patient relationship. In mostsectors of the economy, it is the seller who attemptsto attract a potential buyer with various inducements of price, quality, and utility, and it is thebuyer who makes the decision, Such condition, however, does not prevail in most of thehealth-care industry.

  In the health-care industry, the doctor-patient relationship is the mirror image of the ordinaryrelationship between producer and consumer. Once an individual has chosen to see aphysician-and even then there may be no real choice-it is the physician who usually makesall significant purchasing decisions: whether the patient should return "next Wednesday", whether X-rays are needed, whether drugs should be prescribed, etc. It is a rare andsophisticated patient who will challenge such professional decisions or raise in advancequestions about price, especially when the disease is regarded as serious.

  This is particularly significant in relation to hospital care. The physician must certify the needfor hospitalization, determine what procedures will be performed, and announce when thepatient may be discharged. The patient may be consulted about some of these decisions, but inthe main it is the doctor's judgments that are final. Little wonder then that in the eye of thehospital it is the physician who is the real "consumer." As a consequence, the medical staffrepresents the "power center" in hospital policy and decision-making, not the administration.

  Although usually there are in this situation four identifiable participants-the physician, thehospital, the patient, and the payer (generally an insurance carrier or government)-thephysician makes the essential decisions for all of them. The hospital becomes an extensionof the physician; the payer generally meets most of the bills generated by thephysician/hospital, and for t/he most part the patient plays a passive role. We estimate thatabout 75-80 percent of health-care expenditures are determined by physicians, not patients. For this reason, the economy directed at patients or t.he general is relatively ineffective.

  1.What's the author's main purpose in writingthis passage?

  A) To criticize doctors for exercising too muchcontrol over patients.

  B) To analyze some important economic factors inhealth-care.

  C) To urge hospitals to reclaim their decision making authority.

  D) To inform potential patients of their health-care rights.

  2.In the health-care industry, the patients

  A) perform the role of being "providers”

  B) decide which physician to consult

  C) never raise questions about price

  D) never consult with the doctors

  3.According to the author, when a doctor tells a patient to "return next Wednesday", the doctor is in effect___________,

  A) instructing the patient to buy more medical services

  B) warning the patient that a hospital stay might be necessary

  C) advising the patient to seek a second opinion

  D) admitting that the initial visit, was ineffective

  4.Doctors are able to determine hospital policies most probably because_______.

  A) it is doctors who generate income for the hospital

  B) a doctor is ultimately responsible for a patient's health

  C) most of the patients don't challenge the doctor's decisions

  D) the administration doesn't know about medicine as much as doctors

  5.The author is most probably leading up to_________.

  A) an analysis of the role of the hospital administration

  B) a study of lawsuits against doctors' malpractice

  C) a discussion of a new medical treatment

  D) a proposal to control medical costs

  1.作者写这篇文章的主要目的是什么?

  A)谴责医生对病人的控制太多。

  B)分析卫生保健中的几个重要经济因素。

  C)催促医院收回他们的决策权。

  D)让潜在病人知道他们的卫生保健权利。

  [B]文章首段表明本文将要讨论卫生保健行业中医生和病人的特殊经济关系,其余三段分析了这种经济关系的特别之处,由此可见,选项B可以概括本文主题,故为本题答案。

  2.在卫生保健行业,病人__________。

  A)担当“供应者”的角色

  B)决定向哪一位医生咨询

  C)从不问关于价钱的问题

  D)从不向医生咨询

  [A]第2段首句中的mirror image表明医患关系与传统的生产者一消费者的关系相反,即医生充当消费者的角色,而患者充当生产者的角色,结合首段第2句中指出的生产者即供应者,可以推断选项A为本题答案。

  3.根据作者所述,当一位医生告诉病人“下周三再来”时,医生实际上是_________。

  A)指示病人购买更多医疗服务

  B)告诫病人需要住院治疗

  C)建议病人寻求另一种观点

  D)承认(病人)第一次到访无效

  [A]在第2段第2句中,三个whether引出的例子是为了说明冒号前的“通常是由医生做出所有重要的购买决定”。选项中只有A与“购买”有关,故为本题答案。

  4.医生能够决定医院方案,最可能是因为___________。

  A)医院的财政收入靠医生

  B)病人的健康最终由医生决定

  C)大多数病人不会挑战医生的决定

  D)行政部门对医药的了解比医生少

  [A]第3段末句开头的As a consequence表明医护人员能够决定医院政策的原因在前一句有提到,前一句指出医生才是真正的“消费者”,即医生才是给医院带来收入的人,由此可见,选项A为本题答案。

  5.作者在下文最可能是会_______________。

  A)分析医院行政担当的角色

  B)研究关于医生失职的诉讼

  C)讨论一种新的医疗

  D)提议对医疗费用进行管控

  [D]原文主要分析了医生和病人之间特殊的经济关系,末段最后两句指出大部分卫生保健费用由医生决定,正因为如此,这样的体制显得ineffective。由此可以推断,作者接下来会提出对这种体制进行改革,选项D与此最为接近。

  以上就是小编为大家介绍的相关信息,希望对大家有帮助。想了解更多四六级备考课程备考资讯,请点击文都网校四六级资讯站查询!有问题找文都☞☞☞详情咨询入口>>>

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