四级备考 六级备考 经验交流 模拟试题 历年真题 每日一练

消单词 精品试听 直播课程 名 师 热推课程 精品图书

首页 > 备考辅导 > 阅读 >

2018英语四级阅读习题:走神

2018-04-17 10:52 来源:文都网校 阅读()

  阅读向来是四级考生的复习重点,在日常练习中大家可以多吸取一些做题经验,也可以通过做练习题多总结答题技巧,下面小编为大家带来了一些英语四级阅读练习题,希望对大家有帮助!

  Most episodes of absent-mindedness forgetting where you left something or wondering why you just entered aroom-are caused by a simple lack of attention,says Schacter. “You’re supposed to remember something, butyou haven’t encoded it deeply.”

  Encoding, Schacter explains, is a special way of paying attention to an event that has a major impact on recalling it later. Failure to encode properly can create annoying situations. If you put your mobile phonein a pocket, for example, and don’t pay attention to what you did because you’re involved in a conversation, you’ll probably forget that the phone is in the jacket now hanging in you wardrobe (衣柜). “Your memory itself isn’t failing you,” says Schacter. “Rather, you didn’t give your memory system the information it needed.”

  Lack of interest can also lead to absent-mindedness. “A man who can recite sports statistics from 30 years ago,” says Zelinski, “may not remember to drop a letter in the mailbox.” Women have slightly better memories than men, possibly because they pay more attention to their environment, and memory relies on justthat.

  Visual cues can help prevent absent-mindedness, says Schacter. “But be sure the cue is clear and available,” he cautions. If you want to remember to take a medication (药物) with lunch, put the pill bottle on the kitchen table—don’t leave it in the medicine chest and write yourself a note that you keep in a pocket.

  Another common episode of absent-mindedness: walking into a room and wondering why you’re there. Most likely, you were thinking about something else. “Everyone does this from time to time,” says Zelinski. The best thing to do is to return to where you were before entering the room, and you’ll likely remember.

  1. Why does the author think that encoding properly is very important?

  A. It helps us understand our memory system better.

  B. It enables us to recall something form our memory.

  C. It expands our memory capacity considerably.

  D. It slows down the process of losing our memory.

  2. One possible reason why women have better memories than men is that ________.

  A. they have a wider range of interests

  B. they are more reliant on the environment

  C. they have an unusual power of focusing their attention

  D. they are more interested in what’s happening around them

  3. A note in the pocket can hardly serve as a reminder because ________.

  A. it will easily get lost

  B. it’s not clear enough for you to read

  C. it’s out of your sight

  D. it might get mixed up with other things

  4. What do we learn from the last paragraph?

  A. If we focus our attention on one thing, we might forget another.

  B. Memory depends to a certain extent on the environment.

  C. Repetition helps improve our memory.

  D. If we keep forgetting things, we’d better return to where we were.

  5. What is the passage mainly about?

  A. The process of gradual memory loss.

  B. The causes of absent-mindedness.

  C. The impact of the environment on memory.

  D. A way if encoding and recalling.

  参考答案:

  1.[B] 事实细节题。根据第2段第1句可知,encoding是关注某事的一种特殊方式,这影响到以后是否能回忆起这件事来,因此B正确。

  2.[D] 事实细节题。根据第3段第3句,“女性比男性的记忆力稍强,这也许是因为她们对周围的环境更加注意,而记忆正是依靠这个”,故选D “她们对于周围发生的事更感兴趣”。

  3.[C] 事实细节题。根据第4段首句中说到的“视觉线索可以防止遗忘某事”可知破折号之后的警告“不要把药瓶放在药箱里,然后写一张纸条装进口袋”正是为了防止药瓶、提示性信条离开了视线,故选C。

  4.[A] 推断题。根据最后一段的前两句“心不在焉的另一个常见的情景是:走进房间,却不知为什么要进来。你很有可能是在想别的事”,可知本题答案为A。

  5.[B] 主旨题。根据第1、3、5段的首句可以得出,本文主要讲的是精神不集中的原因,故选B。

  以上就是小编为大家介绍的相关信息,希望对大家有帮助。想了解更多四六级备考课程备考资讯,请点击文都网校四六级资讯站查询!有问题找文都☞☞☞详情咨询入口>>>

文都名师助力通关2018年6月四六级考试
2018年6月大学英语四级协议班 2018年6月大学英语六级协议班

      编辑推荐

备考交流

英语四六级阅读题应该怎么复习?

如何利用词根来背诵英语四六级单词?

2018英语六级翻译小技巧or练习题

2018英语四六级写作规律详解

 

责任编辑:lzx

大学英语四六级网上课程热报班次

次名称 班次特点 活动

2018年12月大学英语四级全程班

课程构成:前基础阶段+基础阶段+强化模块阶段+真题解析冲刺阶段

课程特色:PC端、移动端、无有效期内自由看。

¥150
2018年12月大学英语六级全程班 ¥150
>>>查看更多四六级课程<<<

四六级免费在线咨询

文都四六级交流群

文都四六级QQ群437058182486117399517034650

 

上一篇:2018英语四级阅读习题:美国商业

下一篇:2018英语四级阅读习题:对未来世界的预测

关注官方微信
0元领取学习资料