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2018英语四级阅读习题:爱美没商量

2018-03-13 14:47 来源:文都网校 阅读()

  阅读向来是四级考生的复习重点,在日常练习中大家可以多吸取一些做题经验,也可以通过做练习题多总结答题技巧,下面小编为大家带来了一些英语四级阅读练习题,希望对大家有帮助!

  Pots Of Promise

  Medieval noblewomen swallowed arsenic and dabbed on bats blood to improve their complexions; 18 th century Americans prized the warm urine of young boys to erase their freckles; Victorian ladies removed their ribs to give themselves a wasp waist. The desire to be beautiful is as old as civilization, as is the pain that it can cause.

  The pain has not stopped the passion from creating a 160 billion-a-year global industry,encompassing make -up, skin and hair care, fragrances, cosmetic surgery, health clubs and diet pills. Americans spend more each year on beauty than they do on education.

  Such spending is not mere vanity. Being pretty — or just not ugly — confers1 enormous genetic and social advantages. Attractive people ( both men and women) are judged to be more intelligent and sexy; they earn more and they are more likely to marry.

  Basic instinct keeps the beauty industry powerful. In medieval times, recipes for homemade cosmetics were kept in the kitchen right beside those used to feed the family.

  But it was not until the start of the 20 th century, when mass production coincided with mass exposure to an idealized standard of beauty ( through photography, magazines and movies) that the industry first took off.

  In 1909, Eugene Schueller founded the French Harmless Hair Coloring Co., which later became L'Oreal2— today's industry leader. Two years later, a Hamburg pharmacist, developed the first cream to bind oil and water. Today, it sells in 150 countries as Nivea, the biggest personal-care brand in the world.

  But it was the great rivalry between two women in America that made the industry what it is today. Elizabeth Arden opened the first modern beauty salon in 1910 , followed a few years later by Helena Rubinstein, a Polish immigrant. The two took cosmetics out of household pots and pans and into the modern era . Both thought beauty and health were interlinked. They combined facials with diets and exercise classes in a holistic approach that the industry is now returning to.

  The emerging beauty industry played on3 the fear of looking ugly as much as on the pleasure of looking beautiful, drawing on the new science of psychology to convince women that an inferiority complex4 could be cured by a dab of lipstick.

  Ⅰ. Matching:

  1. In medieval time ( ) . 2. In 1910 ( ) .

  3. In 1909 ( ) . 4. In 1911 ( ) .

  A. Swallow arsenic to improve their complexion.

  B. Recipes for homemade cosmetics were kept in the kitchen.

  C. Eugene Schueller found the French Harmless Hair Coloring Co.

  D. A Hamburg Pharmacist developed the first cream that now sells to 150 countries.

  E. Elizabeth Arden opened the first modern beauty salon.

  Ⅱ. Questions:

  1. What are the advantages of being pretty according to the passage ?

  2. What’s your opinion about beauty? Is it really so important?

  参考答案:

  Ⅰ. 1. A / B 2. E 3. C 4. D

  Ⅱ. 1. Being pretty has genetic and social advantages.

  2. ( Open discussion)

  以上就是小编为大家介绍的相关信息,希望对大家有帮助。想了解更多四六级备考课程备考资讯,请点击文都网校四六级资讯站查询!有问题找文都☞☞☞详情咨询入口>>>

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