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2018英语四级阅读习题:传记

2018-01-12 09:14 来源:文都网校 阅读()

  阅读在四级考试中可谓占据了重要的地位,阅读部分的成绩在很大程度上也影响着整张试卷的成绩,所以想要顺利取得满意的成绩,不仅要学会做题方法,还要多多练习,下面是小编为大家准备的英语四级阅读练习题,希望对广大考生有帮助!

  His ignorance was as remarkable as hisknowledge. Of contemporary literature, philosophyand politics he appeared to know next to nothing. Upon my quoting Thomas Carlyle, he inquired in thenaivest way who he might be and what he had done. My surprise reached a climax, however, when Ifound incidentally that he was ignorant of theCopernican Theory and of the composition of the Solar system.

  "You appear to be astonished, " Holmes said, smiling at my expression. "Now that I doknow it I shall do my best to forget it. You see, I consider that a man's brain originally is like alittle empty attic, and you have to stock it with such furniture as you choose: A fool takes inall the lumber of every sort that he comes across, so that the knowledge which might be usefulto him gets crowded out, or at best jumbled up with a lot of other things, so that he hasdifficulty in laying his hand upon it. It is a mistake to think that the little room has elastic wallsand can distend to any extent. Depend upon it, there comes a time when for every additionof knowledge you forget something that you know before. It is of the highest importance, therefore, not to have useless facts elbowing out the useful ones."

  "But the Solar System! " I protested.

  "What the deuce is it to me?" he interrupted impatiently.

  One morning, I picked up a magazine from the table and attempted to while away the timewith it, while my companion munched silently at his toast. One of the articles had a pencilmark at the heading, and I naturally began to run my eye through it.

  Its somewhat ambitious title was "The Book of Life, " and it attempted to show how muchan observant man might learn by an accurate and systematic examination of all that came inhis way. It struck me as being a remarkable mixture of shrewdness and of absurdity. Thereasoning was close and intense, but the deduction appeared to me to be far-fetched andexaggerated. The writer claimed by a momentary expression, a twitch of a muscle or aglance of an eye, to fathom a man's inmost thought. Deceit, according to him, wasimpossibility in the case of one trained to observation and analysis. His conclusions were asinfallible as so many propositions of Euclid. So startling would his results appear to theuninitiated that until they learned the processes by which he had arrived at them they mightwell consider him as a necromancer.

  "From a drop of water, "said the writer, "a logician could infer the possibility of an Atlantic. So all life is a great chain, the nature of which is known whenever we are shown a single link ofit. Like all other arts, the science of Deduction and Analysis is one which can be acquired bylong and patient study, nor is life long enough to allow any mortal to attain the highestpossible perfection in it. "

  This smartly written piece of theory I could not accept until a succession of evidencesjustified it.

  1. What is the author's attitude toward Holmes?

  [A] Praising.

  [B] Critical.

  [C] Ironical.

  [D] Distaste.

  2. What way did the author take to stick out Holmes' uniqueness?

  [A] By deduction.

  [B] By explanation.

  [C] By contrast.

  [D] By analysis.

  3. What was the Holmes' idea about knowledge-learning?

  [A] Learning what every body learned.

  [B] Learning what was useful to you.

  [C] Learning whatever you came across.

  [D] Learning what was different to you.

  4. What did the article mentioned in the passage talk about?

  [A] One may master the way of reasoning through observation.

  [B] One may become rather critical through observation and analysis.

  [C] One may become rather sharp through observation and analysis.

  [D] One may become practical through observation and analysis.

  参考答案:

  1. A 赞扬。作者以无知烘托人物之有知,以他本人的反对批评观点来证明人物的正确。否定及所谓机刺旨在铺垫。正反对比赞扬福之精明强悍,才智超人,洞察力强。

  2. C 作者采用对比手法。

  3. B 学习对你有用之物。第二段福之表白,他把头脑比作一个小小的空屋,不能随意选择家具(知识)塞满空间,应选择“有用之才”,免得填满了废物,把有用之才挤出去。

  4. C 通过观察和分析人会变得很敏锐。最后二段都是讲福所写文章的内容。善于观察和分析的人可以一眼看透人之本质,一点水能知大西洋。这种一叶知秋的本领是通过长期观察、分析研究而得。也就是说,通过观察分析,人可以变得敏感聪慧,因为万物都有联系。

  以上就是小编为大家介绍的相关信息,希望对大家有帮助。想了解更多四六级备考课程备考资讯,请点击文都网校四六级资讯站查询!有问题找文都☞☞☞详情咨询入口>>>

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