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2018年6月英语六级仔细阅读练习(五十)

2018-02-13 13:46 来源:文都网校 阅读()

  得阅读者得天下。英语六级阅读分为三大类题型,即选词填空、段落匹配和仔细阅读。其中单位分值最高的就是仔细阅读,若我们准备充分一些,处理恰当一些的话,必然会成为考生战胜英语六级的基石。本文小编为大家整理了一篇仔细阅读,希望对大家的英语学习有所帮助。

  The“V”Sign

  The palm-forward“V”sign, formed by raising andspreading the first two fingers1 ,has three differentmeanings in American culture.The most popularmeaning of the“V”sign was invented in 1941 by aBelgian, Victor De Lavalaye. Wanting a symbol forresistance to the Nazi2 occupation, he came upwith the single letter“V”, which stood not only for hisown first name3, but also for English victory, Flemish virijheid, and French victoire. Thesymbolism of the sign spread very quickly, and Winston Churchill4 used it constantly in publicappearance. Thus throughout the 1940 s and 1950 s, the gesture meant simply“victory”.Thesecond meaning came in the 1960 s. Because of its military implication, Americanantiwarprotestors used the sign sarcastically against the arms, so that it became known as the“ peacesign”. In the 1970s, the“V”sign , which had lost its military implication, was a commongreeting among freedom lovers, acid heads5, political radicals, and ultimately, young people ingeneral. So by about the middle of the 1970s, it ceased to give clue to the user’s philosophy.The third meaning is the oldest and least common. American children jokingly put “V”, whichresembles“ horns”, behind friends’heads in group snapshots. The are unknowingly reproducingsomething that southern Europeans would find highly offensive. This mischief, called“horns ofthe Devil”, is a variant of the European“ horns”gesture, which is obscene. Here the“V”signmeans“Your wife has been cheating on you ”or, when placed behind another’s head,“His wifehas been cheating on him”. In the United States, the gesture is typically given with the palmfacing the viewer. The British use both this version and an older, palm-backward version; thelatter is obscene in American culture, and corresponds to the American“ finger”6 . Churchill gotsome surprised stares in 1941 when, evidently unaware of the vulgar usage, he gave thepalm-backward“V”to British troops. In England today you could have to be a social hermit notto understand the distinction. Astonishingly, however, Margaret Thatcher7 repeatedChurchill’s error after her victory in the 1979 election.

  阅读自测

  Ⅰ. Fill in the blanks with proper words :

  American children______________________ ( 开玩笑地) put“V”,which______________________ ( 类似)“ horns”,

  behind friends’heads in group ______________________( 快照) . Theyare______________________ ( 无意中地) reproducing

  something that southern Europeans would find highly______________________ ( 无礼的) .

  This mischief, called“ horns of the Devil”, is a ______________________( 变体) of theEuropean

  “ horns”gesture, which is______________________ ( 淫秽的) .

  Ⅱ. Exp lain the fo llowing phras es in bold typ e in yo ur own words :

  1. If you kee p yo ur fin ge rs crossed , you ______________________.

  2. If you are all fin ge rs a nd thumbs , you ______________________ .

  3. If you ha ve a finger in every pie , you______________________ .

  4. If you thumb a lift, you______________________.

  参考答案

  1. jokingly / resembles / snapshots / unknowingly /offensive / variant / obscene

  2. 1. hope that something will happen the way youwant2. are clumsy or awkward with your hands

  3. are involved in everything that is happening

  4. try to get a free ride in a motor vehicle ; hitchhike

  参考译文

  手势 “V”

  掌 心向外, 竖起食指和中指, 并向两边展开, 这样就构成了一个V 形手势。V 形手势在美国文化中有三个不同的含义。V 形手势最为普及的一个意思是在1941 年由比利时人维克托· 德· 拉维雷创造发明的。他伸出双指, 作出字母V 的手势来表示他对纳粹占领比利时的反抗。这个V 不仅代表他的名字, 而且还象征英语victory ( 胜利) 、佛兰芒语virijheid ( 胜利) 和法语victoire ( 胜利) 这三个单词。这一手势的象征意义迅速地传播开来, 温斯顿· 邱吉尔在公众场合就曾多次使用。因此, 在20 世纪40 年代和50 年代, 这个手势只是表示“ 胜利”的意思。V 形手势的第二个意思出现在20 世纪60 年代。由于这个手势含有军事方面的意思,美国反战者就讽刺性地用这个手势来反对战争, 于是, 这个手势