四级备考 六级备考 经验交流 模拟试题 历年真题 每日一练

消单词 精品试听 直播课程 名 师 热推课程 精品图书

首页 > 备考辅导 > 阅读 >

2018年6月英语六级阅读练习:辍学

2018-01-09 15:07 来源:文都网校 阅读()

  英语六级阅读要靠理解与词汇掌握,我们在做题时,一定要端正心态,不要急躁,先弄清后面的题目内容,了解文章类型,再根据阅读问题有选择性的阅读文章,可以有效提升我们的做题时间与正确率,本文小编为大家整理了一篇阅读,实际操练吧!

  Educators are seriously concerned about the high rate of dropouts among the doctor of philosophy candidates and the consequent loss of talent to a nation in need of Ph. D. s. Some have placed the dropouts loss as high as 50 percent. The extent of the loss was, however, largely a matter of expert guessing. Last week a well-rounded study was published. It was published. It was based on 22,000 questionnaires sent to former graduate students who were enrolled in 24 universities and it seemed to show many past fears to be groundless.

  The dropouts rate was found to be 31 per cent, and in most cases the dropouts, while notcompleting the Ph. D. requirement, went on to productive work. They are not only doing wellfinancially, but, according to the report, are not far below the income levels of those who wenton to complete their doctorates.

  Discussing the study last week, Dr. Tucker said the project was initiated ‘because of theconcern frequently expressed by graduate faculties and administrators that some of theindividuals who dropped out of Ph. D. programs were capable of competing the requirementfor the degree. Attrition at the Ph. D. level is also thought to be a waste of precious facultytime and a drain on university resources already being used to capacity. Some peopleexpressed the opinion that the shortage of highly trained specialists and college teachers couldbe reduced by persuading the dropouts to return to graduate schools to complete the Ph. D.’

  “The results of our research” Dr. Tucker concluded, “did not support these opinions.”

  1. Lack of motivation was the principal reason for dropping out.

  2. Most dropouts went as far in their doctoral program as was consistent with their levels ofability or their specialities.

  3. Most dropouts are now engaged in work consistent with their education and motivation.

  Nearly 75 per cent of the dropouts said there was no academic reason for their decision, but those who mentioned academic reason cited failure to pass the qualifying examination, uncompleted research and failure to pass language exams. Among the single most importantpersonal reasons identified by dropouts for non-completion of their Ph. D. program, lack offinances was marked by 19 per cent.

  As an indication of how well the dropouts were doing, a chart showed 2% in humanitieswere receiving $ 20,000 and more annually while none of the Ph. D. ‘s with that backgroundreached this figure. The Ph. D. ‘s shone in the $ 7,500 to $ 15,000 bracket with 78% at thatlevel against 50% for the dropouts. This may also be an indication of the fact that top salariesin the academic fields, where Ph. D. ‘s tend to rise to the highest salaries, are still laggingbehind other fields.

  As to the possibility of getting dropouts back on campus, the outlook was glum. The maincondition which would have to prevail for at least 25 % of the dropouts who might considerreturning to graduate school would be to guarantee that they would retain their present levelof income and in some cases their present job.

  1. The author states that many educators feel that

  [A] steps should be taken to get the dropouts back to campus.

  [B] the fropouts should return to a lower quality school to continue their study.

  [C] the Ph. D. holder is generally a better adjusted person than the dropout.

  [D] The high dropouts rate is largely attributable to the lack of stimulation on the part offaculty members.

  2. Research has shown that

  [A] Dropouts are substantially below Ph. D. ‘s in financial attainment.

  [B] the incentive factor is a minor one in regard to pursuing Ph. D. studies.

  [C] The Ph. D. candidate is likely to change his field of specialization if he drops out.

  [D] about one-third of those who start Ph. D. work do not complete the work to earn thedegree.

  3. Meeting foreign language requirements for the Ph. D.

  [A] is the most frequent reason for dropping out.

  [B] is more difficult for the science candidate than for the humanities candidate.

  [C] is an essential part of many Ph. D. programs.

  [D] does not vary in difficulty among universities.

  4. After reading the article, one would refrain from concluding that

  [A] optimism reigns in regard to getting Ph. D. dropouts to return to their pursuit of thedegree.

  [B] a Ph. D. dropout, by and large, does not have what it takes to learn the degree.

  [C] colleges and universities employ a substantial number of Ph. D. dropouts.

  [D] Ph. D. ‘s are not earning what they deserve in nonacademic positions.

  5. It can be inferred that the high rate of dropouts lies in

  [A] salary for Ph. D. too low.

  [B] academic requirement too high.

  [C] salary for dropouts too high.

  [D] 1000 positions.

  Vocabulary

  1. dropout 辍学者,中途退学

  2. well-rounded 全面的

  3. attrition 缩/减员,磨损

  4. drain 枯竭

  5. bracket 一类人,(尤指按收入分类的)阶层

  6. lagging behind other fields 落后于其它领域

  7. glum 阴郁的

  难句译注

  1. Educators are seriously concerned about the high rate of dropouts among the doctor ofphilosophy candidates and the consequent loss of talent to a nation in need of Ph. D. s.

  【参考译文】教育工作者严重关注博士生辍学的高比率;这对迫切需要博士生的国家是一个人才方面的严重损失。

  2. It was base on 22,000questionnaires sent to former graduate students who wereenrolled in 24 universities and it seemed to show many past fears to be groundless.

  【结构分析】sent过去分词,修饰questionnaires。Who定语从句修饰students。

  【参考译文】这份全面调查报告是以22000份调查表分送给以前在24所大学就读的博士生为基础的。这份全面调查报告似乎说明过去许多担心害怕是没有根据的。

  3. Attrition at the Ph. D. lever is also thought to be a waste of precious faculty time and adrain on university resources already being used to capacity.

  【结构分析】被动句。To capacity满额,全力。

  【参考译文】博士水平的人员的缩减被认为是宝贵的教授时间的浪费和已经被使用到极限的大学资源的枯竭。

  4. This may also be an indication of the fact that top salaries in the academic fields, where Ph. D. ‘s tend to rise to the highest salaries, are still lagging behind other fields.

  【结构分析】the fact的同位语that从句中的where是定语从句,修饰academic fields。

  【参考译文】这也可能表明这样一个事实:在博士能挣到最高工资的学术领域中,高工资仍然落后于其它领域。

  写作方法与文章大意

  这是一篇论及“博士生辍学”的文章。采用对比和因果手法。文章一开始就提出教育工作者严重关注博士生辍学达50%的问题。而调查报告证明,只有31%。辍学造成不良后果,有人建议中途退学者回炉再念博士学位学业。研究表明不行。列出理由并加以分析。

  以上就是小编为大家介绍的相关信息,希望对大家有帮助。想了解更多四六级备考课程备考资讯,请点击文都网校四六级资讯站查询!有问题找文都☞☞☞详情咨询入口>>>

文都名师助力通关2018年6月四六级考试
2018年6月大学英语四级畅学通关班 2018年6月大学英语六级畅学通关班

     编辑推荐

热点聚焦 备考交流

2018年6月英语四级基础备考指导

2017年12月四六级考试成绩核查办法

2018年6月四六级作文复习三大方法

2017年12月英语四六级考试成绩查询时间

2018年6月英语四六级记单词小技巧

2017年12月英语四六级成绩单查询真伪

英语六级考试是什么水平?

英语四六级准考证号怎样推算?

 

责任编辑:hjy

大学英语四六级网上课程热报班次

次名称 班次特点 活动

2018年12月大学英语四级全程班

课程构成:前基础阶段+基础阶段+强化模块阶段+真题解析冲刺阶段

课程特色:PC端、移动端、无有效期内自由看。

¥150
2018年12月大学英语六级全程班 ¥150
>>>查看更多四六级课程<<<

四六级免费在线咨询

文都四六级交流群

文都四六级QQ群437058182486117399517034650

 

上一篇:2018年6月英语六级阅读练习:沉思

下一篇:2018年6月英语六级阅读练习:二战中美国的态度

关注官方微信
0元领取学习资料