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2018年6月英语六级阅读练习:移民教育

2018-01-04 10:10 来源:文都网校 阅读()

  英语六级阅读要靠理解与词汇掌握,我们在做题时,一定要端正心态,不要急躁,先弄清后面的题目内容,了解文章类型,再根据阅读问题有选择性的阅读文章,可以有效提升我们的做题时间与正确率,本文小编为大家整理了一篇阅读,实际操练吧!

  Latino youths need better education for Arizona to take full advantage of the possibilities their exploding population offers. Arizona's fast-growing Latino population offers che state tremendous promise and a challenge. Even more than the aging of the baby boomers. the Latino boom is fundamentally reorienting the state's economic and social structure.

  Immigration and natural increase have added 600,000 young Latino residents to the state's population in the past decade.Half of the population younger than 18 in both Phoenix and Tucson cs now Latino. Within 20 years. Latinos will make up half of the homegrown entry-level labor pool in the state's two largest labor markets.

  What is more, Hispanics are becoming key economic players. Most people don't notice it. but Latinos born in Arizona make up much of their immigrant parents' economic and educational deficits. For example. second-generation Mexican-Americans secure an average of 12 grades of schooling where their parents obtained lessthan nine. That means they erase 70 percent of their parents' lag behind third-generation non-Hispanic Whites in a single generation.

  A11 of chis hands the state a golden opportunity. At a time when many states will struggle with labor shortages because of modest population growth. Arizona has a priceless chance m build a populous, hardworking and skilled workforce on which to base future prosperity. The problem is that Arizona and its Latino residents may not be able to seize this opportunity. Far too many of Arizona's Latinos drop out of high school or fail to obtain the basic education needed for more advanced study. As a result,educational deficits areholding back many Latinos-and the state as well. To be sure, construction and low-end service jobs continue to absorb tens of thousands of Latino immigrants with little formal education. But over the long tern. most of Arizona's Latino citizens remain ill-prepared to prosper in an increasingly demanding knowledge economy.

  For the reason, the educational uplift of Arizona's huge Latino population must move to the center of the state's agenda. After all, the education deficits of Arizona's Latino population will severely cramp the fortunes of hardworking people if they go unaddressed and could well undercut the state's ability to compete in the new economy. At the entry level, slower growth rates may create more competition for low-skill jobs. displacing Latinos from a significant means of support. At the higher end. shortages of Latinos educationally ready to move up will make it that much harder for knowledge-based companies staff high-skill positions.1. The Latino population is changing Arizona's__________________.

  A) aging problem

  B) educational system

  C) economic structure

  D) financial deficits

  2. What can be inferred from the third paragraph?

  A) The Latino population in Arizona is made up of Hispanics and Mexican-Americans.

  B) The first-generation Latinos are immigrants instead of being born in America.

  C) 70 percent of the first-generation Latinos had less schooling than nine years.

  D) The educational system used to be in favor of the non-Hispanic Whites.

  3. "Educational deficits" (Line 7. Para. 4) most probably means that______________.

  A) the state did not put much money into education

  B) many Latinos are too poor to obtain education

  C) education is not a profitable enterprise

  D) many Latinos are not well-educated

  4. According to the author. Arizona should give highest priority to________________.

  A) controlling the Latino population

  B) enhancing the educational level of the Latino population

  C) improving the knowledge-based economy

  D) building the Latino population into hardworking and skilled workforce

  5. It is implied that in the long run most Latinos in Arizona will_______________.

  A) be jobless

  B) be badly-paid

  C) do low-skill jobs

  D) do high-skill jobs

  答案:

  1.拉丁裔人口改变了亚利桑那的___________________。

  A) 人口老龄化问题

  B) 教育体系

  C) 经济结构

  D)财政赤字

  [C]原文首段末句中的reorienting与changing为近义同,而该句表明拉丁裔人口在两方面改变着亚利桑那州,选项C就是这两方面的其中一个。选项A中的aging,选项B中的educational和选项D中的deficits都在文中出现,但都与题干的要求无关。

  2.我们可以从第三段推断出哪一个看法?

  A) 亚利桑那的拉丁裔人口是由西班牙裔和墨西哥裔美国人所组成。

  B) 第一代的拉丁裔是移民而不是在美国土生土长的。

  C) 第一代的拉丁裔中有70%只受过不到9年的教育。

  D) 教育体系过去只对非西班牙裔的白人有利。

  [B]第3段第3句表明第二代墨西哥裔美国人比他们的父母获得更好的教育。而这一句是为了举例说明第2句提到的在Arizona出生的拉丁裔和他们的移民父母之间的区别,由此可见,第2句提到的immigrant parents就是第一代的拉丁裔美国人,immigrant一词表明他们并非在美国出生,因此选项B为正确的推断。

  3.“教育赤字”(第4段第7行)最可能的意思是__________________。

  A) 州政府没有在教育上投入大量资金

  B)许多拉丁裔穷得无法受教育

  C) 教育不是一个能够盈利的产业

  D)许多拉丁裔都没有受过良好的教育

  [D]第4段第5句开头的As a result表明本句与上一句形成因果关系,由此可见。本句中的educational deficits与上一句提到的拉丁裔美国人受教育程度较低有关,由此可推断,educational deficits指的应该是受教育不足。因此.选项D为正确的理解。

  4.作者认为,亚利桑那应该最关注______________。

  A) 控制拉丁裔人口

  B) 提高拉丁裔人口的教育水平

  C) 改善知识经济

  D) 将拉丁裔人口发展成努力工作的技术性劳动力

  [B]第5段首句中的move to the cemnter为题干中give highest priority的同义替换,选项B与原文该句的主语educational uplift也意思一致,因此选项B为本题答案。选项A在文中并无提及,选项C和D都在文中提到,但不符合题意,与highest priority无关。

  5.文章暗示,从长远来看,亚利桑那大部分的拉丁裔人口将会_______________。

  A) 失业

  B)工资很低

  C) 做低技能的工作

  D) 做高技能的工作

  [C]第4段末句中的ill-prepared和第5段末句中的shortages of Latinos educationally ready都表明从长远来看,拉丁裔美国人受的教育仍然保持较低的水平,由此可推断,他们只能做一些技术要求不高的工作,所以选项C为本题答案。

  以上就是小编为大家介绍的相关信息,希望对大家有帮助。想了解更多四六级备考课程备考资讯,请点击文都网校四六级资讯站查询!有问题找文都☞☞☞详情咨询入口>>>

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