About Juvenile Delinquency
One of the much-talked-about present-day socialproblems is juvenile delinquency, and its rate offrequency is seemingly on the rise.
It is reported in newspapers that the delinquentsrange in age from 12 to 18. Only a small portionhave committed serious crimes like kidnapping andmurdering. Those cases are handled through thecourt system. Most of the delinquencies fall into fourcategories: brawling, including gang fighting with deadly weapons; theft, mostly petty, sexuallypromiscuous behaviour and addiction to drugs. The delinquents are generally placed undertemporary supervision by neighbourhood committees, work units or reform schools.
The causes of juvenile delinquency are varied. Through media we often come across thefollowing cases:
Ill-treatment to teenagers by their step-fathers or stepmothers often lead to family tragedies.School pupil delinquents, being not properly cared for, have chronic behaviour problems. Theirparents are too busy either with business or with gambling. Still, there are cases resulted fromparents' or grandparents' indulgence to their darlings. Petty theft once or twice is notpunished but encouraged. Gradually these petty thieves grow addicted to stealing . Adolescentstried drugs mostly out of curiosity before they finally became habitual drug-takers.
Not a few examples can be found around us in our daily life. Limited by time and space, I haveto skip them over. However, juvenile delinquency, being a serious social problem concerningthe young generation, certainly deserves special attention. I think of all the things we can do,the most fundamental one is deepening and strengthening education so as to ultimately savethe young.
its rate of frequency is seemingly on the rise (犯罪)频率似乎在上升
It is reported that 据报道
range from... to... 范围从……到……
a small portion = a small number
commit crimes 犯罪
kidnap v. 绑架
handled through the court system 由法院来处理
fall into four cat egories 归结为四种
br awling n . 斗殴
gang fighting with deadly weapons 持凶器打群架, 械斗
theft, petty theft 偷窃，小偷小摸
sexually promiscuous behaviour 乱搞两性关系
addiction to drugs 吸毒
temporary supervision 临时监管
neighbourhood committee 居民委员会
the causes are varied 原因是多种多样的
ill-treatment n. 虐待
step-father (-mother) 继父/母
tragedy n. 悲剧
chronic behaviour problems 长期表现不良
gambling n. 赌博
result from 起因于
indulgence to their darlings 溺爱子女
out of curiosity 出于好奇
habitual a. 成习惯的, 习惯性的
not a few = many
unltima tely ad. 最终