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四六级:这些常考的传统文化类翻译,你会几个?

2017-08-04 09:45 来源:文都网校 阅读()

  历年的四六级翻译真题多偏向于社会经济、中国文化等方面,日常复习中我们一定要多了解、记忆一些相关素材才可以。下面是小编为大家整理的有关传统文化的段落翻译,希望对各位考生有帮助!

  红楼梦

  《红楼梦》问世二百年以来,通过汉文原文和各种译文读过此书的人,不知有多少亿!这么多的读者哪一个是先看批评家的文章,然而再让批评家牵着鼻子走,按图索骥地去读原作呢?我看是绝无仅有的。一切文学作品,特别是象《红楼梦》这样伟大的作品,内容异常地丰富,涉及到的社会层面异常地多,简直象是一个宝山,一座迷宫。而读者群就更加复杂,他们来读《红楼梦》,会各就自己的特点,欣赏该书中的某一个方面,受到鼓舞,受到启发,引起了喜爱;也可能受到打击,引起了憎恶。总之是千差万别。

  Ever since the publication of A Dream of Red Mansions some 200 years ago, hundreds of millions of people have read its Chinese original or its translations in various languages. Of these innumerable people, how many have read the novel by starting with a perusal of the critics' articles and allowing themselves to be led by the nose by the critics as to how to read the novel? Next to none. All literary works, especially a monumental one like A Dream of Red Mansions, are extremely rich in content and involve diverse social strata-to such an extent that they virtually resemble a mountain of treasure or a labyrinth. And the readers are even more complicated, differing from each other in family background. They will each appreciate a certain aspect of the novel according to their own individuality. They may feel inspired and enlightened, and hence love it, or they may feel hurt, and hence loathe it. In short, the reactions vary.

  旗袍

  旗袍(qipao)是一种雅致的中国服装,源于中国的满族(Manchu Nationality)。在清代,旗袍是王室女性穿着的宽松长袍。上世纪20年代,受西方服饰的影响,旗袍发生了一些变化。袖口(cuffs)变窄,袍身变短。这些变化使女性美得以充分展现。如今,旗袍经常出现在世界级的时装秀上。中国女性出席重要社交聚会时,旗袍往往是她们的首选。很多中国新娘也会选择旗袍作为结婚礼服。一些有影响的人士甚至建议将旗袍作为中国女性的民族服饰。

  Qipao,an exquisite Chinese clothing, originates from China’s Manchu Nationality.

  In the Qing Dynasty, it was a loose robe for the royal women. In the 1920s, influenced by Western clothing, it went through many changes.For example, the cuffs went narrower, and the dress got shorter. These changes enabled Qipao to fully elaborate women’s beauty.

  Nowadays, Qipao quite often appears on world-class fashionshows. It is usually the first choice for Chinese women as they attend socialparties. Meanwhile, many Chinese brides will select it as their wedding dress.Some influential personalities even suggest making it as the national costumefor Chinese women.

  长城

  长城是人类创造的世界奇迹之一。如果你到了中国却没去过长城,就想到了巴黎没有去看看菲尔铁塔,或者就像到了埃及没有去看金字塔一样。人们常说:“不到长城非好汉。”实际上,长城最初只是一些断断续续的城墙,直到秦朝统一中国后才将其连城长城。然而,今天我们看到的长城——东起山海关,西至嘉峪关——大部分都是在明代修建的。

  The Great Wall is one of the wonders of the world that created by human beings! If you come to China without climbing the Great Wall, it's just like going Paris without visiting the Eiffel Tower; or going to Egypt without visiting the Pyramids! Men often say, "He who doest not reach the Great Wall is not a true man."In fact, it began as independent walls for different states when it was first built, and did not become the "Great Wall" until the Qin Dynasty. However, the wall we see today, starting from Shanhaiguan Pass in the east to Jiayunguan Pass in the west, was mostly built during the Ming Dynasty.

  孔子

  孔子(ConfUcius)是一位思想家、政治家,教育家,也是中国儒 学(the Ru School)思想的创始人。儒学(Confucianism),这个道德和 宗教哲学的大系统建立在孔圣人(Master Kung)的教学上。冯友兰,中国思想史上20世纪伟大的的权威之一,把孔子在中国历史上的影 响比作西方的苏格拉底。

  Confucius was a thinker, political figure, educator, and founder of the Ru School of Chinese thought. Confucianism, the great system of moral and religious philosophy built upon the teachings of Master Kung. Fung You-lan, one of the great 20th century authorities on the history ofChinese thought, compares Confucius9 influence in Chinese history with that of Socrates in the West.

     以上就是小编为大家分享的四六级传统文化类翻译内容,想了解更多四六级备考课程备考资讯,请点击文都网校四六级资讯站查询!

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